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Manual Event (Session ID,DateTime,Event) = tofbqgtag7jbmeb8o0rsg4rbbh 20220122014627 /outcome-impact-indicator-bank/individual/services-for-offenders-and-drug-abusers/

Services for Offenders and Drug Abusers

Well-established scales in the Hong Kong context

Intended delinquency
Function
Promoting education, well-being, morality, sociability
Relevance
Risk, coping, law, social order
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
12 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.827
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2001. Assessing the Likelihood of Crime and Delinquency: A Study of Marginal Youths in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Elliott, Delbert S., and William Julius Wilson. 1996. “The Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Adolescent Development.” Journal of Research in Crime & Delinquency 33(4):389-416.

Elliott, Delbert S., David Huzinga, and Scott Menard. 1989. Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Delinquency
Function
Promoting education, well-being, morality, sociability
Relevance
Risk, coping, law, social order
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
12 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.645
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2001. Assessing the Likelihood of Crime and Delinquency: A Study of Marginal Youths in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Elliott, Delbert S., and William Julius Wilson. 1996. “The Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Adolescent Development.” Journal of Research in Crime & Delinquency 33(4):389-416.

Elliott, Delbert S., David Huzinga, and Scott Menard. 1989. Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Delinquency learning from peers
Function
Promoting education, well-being, morality, sociability
Relevance
Risk, coping, law, social order
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
5 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.740
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2001. Assessing the Likelihood of Crime and Delinquency: A Study of Marginal Youths in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Elliott, Delbert S., and William Julius Wilson. 1996. “The Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Adolescent Development.” Journal of Research in Crime & Delinquency 33(4):389-416.

Elliott, Delbert S., David Huzinga, and Scott Menard. 1989. Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Friend approval of delinquency
Function
Promoting education, well-being, morality, sociability
Relevance
Risk, coping, law, social order
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
7 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.850
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2001. Assessing the Likelihood of Crime and Delinquency: A Study of Marginal Youths in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Elliott, Delbert S., and William Julius Wilson. 1996. “The Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Adolescent Development.” Journal of Research in Crime & Delinquency 33(4):389-416.

Elliott, Delbert S., David Huzinga, and Scott Menard. 1989. Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Moral belief
Function
Promoting helping, responsibility, law abidance, rationality
Relevance
Virtue, cognitive development, parenting
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
8 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.809
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2001. Assessing the Likelihood of Crime and Delinquency: A Study of Marginal Youths in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Elliott, Delbert S., David Huzinga, and Scott Menard. 1989. Multiple Problem Youth: Delinquency, Substance Use, and Mental Health Problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Matsueda, Ross L. 1989. “The Dynamics of Moral Beliefs and Minor Deviance.” Social Forces 68(2):428-457.

Intended community participation
Function
Promoting identity, morality, leadership
Relevance
Socialization, citizenship, civic engagement, social integration, social control
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
8 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.782
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2001. Assessing the Likelihood of Crime and Delinquency: A Study of Marginal Youths in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Goldstein, Gregory, Robert Novick, and Morris Schaefer. 1990. “Housing, Health and Well-being: An International Perspective.” Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare 17(1):161-182.

Herrero, Juan, and Enrique Gracia. 2007. “Measuring Perceived Community Support: Factorial Structure, Longitudinal Invariance, and Predictive Validity of the PCSQ (Perceived Community Support Questionnaire).” Journal of Community Psychology 35(2):197-217.

Attachment to social workers
Function
Promoting well-being, self-efficacy, achievement
Relevance
Self-regulation, modeling, social integration
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
5 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.817
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2001. Assessing the Likelihood of Crime and Delinquency: A Study of Marginal Youths in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Conflict with police
Function
Promoting harmony, satisfaction, trust
Relevance
Compromise, dissonance, violence
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
5 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.759
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2002.10. A Comparative Study of the Likelihood of Delinquency of Marginal Youth in Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Shanghai. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Frustration
Function
Promoting harmony, satisfaction, trust
Relevance
Compromise, dissonance, violence
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.644
References

Ngai, Ngan-pun, Chau-kiu Cheung, Xialing Xie, Zhongxin Sun, Minxia Tu, and Jijing Chen. 2002. A Comparative Study of the Likelihood of Delinquency of Marginal Youth in Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Shanghai. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Drug abuse harm perceived
Function
Promoting functioning, satisfaction, working
Relevance
Disorder, risk, self-injury
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
15 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.893
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, and Steven Sek-yum Ngai. 2013. “Reducing Youth’s Drug Abuse through Training Social Workers for Cognitive–behavioral Integrated Treatment.” Children & Youth Services Review 35:302-311.

Drug abuse benefit perceived
Function
Promoting harmony, satisfaction, trust
Relevance
Compromise, dissonance, violence
Target
Offense
Respondent
Youth
Feature
12 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.814
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, and Steven Sek-yum Ngai. 2013. “Reducing Youth’s Drug Abuse through Training Social Workers for Cognitive–behavioral Integrated Treatment.” Children & Youth Services Review 35:302-311.

Offenders’ stress
Function
Offender therapy, comparative criminology, positive psychology
Relevance
Psychological gymnasium, negative emotion, sense of hope
Target
Offenders
Respondent
Offenders
Feature
7 items in 4-point rating scale
Reliability
.91
References

Miriam Taouk Moussa, Peter F. Lovibond, & Roy Laube. (2001). Psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the 21-item depression anxiety stress scales (DASS21). Sydney, NSW: Transcultural Mental Health Centre. Cumberland Hospital.

 

Vivian Wai Man Mak, Samuel Mun Yin. Ho, Regina Wing Yin Kwong, & Wing Ling Li. (2018). A gender-responsive treatment facility in correctional services: The development of psychological gymnasium for women offenders. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 62(4), 1062-1079.

Offenders’ anxiety
Function
Offender therapy, comparative criminology, positive psychology
Relevance
Psychological gymnasium, negative emotion, sense of hope
Target
Offenders
Respondent
Offenders
Feature
7 items in 4-point rating scale
Reliability
.84
References

Miriam Taouk Moussa, Peter F. Lovibond, & Roy Laube. (2001). Psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the 21-item depression anxiety stress scales (DASS21). Sydney, NSW: Transcultural Mental Health Centre. Cumberland Hospital.

 

Vivian Wai Man Mak, Samuel Mun Yin. Ho, Regina Wing Yin Kwong, & Wing Ling Li. (2018). A gender-responsive treatment facility in correctional services: The development of psychological gymnasium for women offenders. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 62(4), 1062-1079.

Offenders’ depression
Function
Offender therapy, comparative criminology, positive psychology
Relevance
Psychological gymnasium, negative emotion, sense of hope
Target
Offenders
Respondent
Offenders
Feature
7 items in 4-point rating scale
Reliability
.91
References

Miriam Taouk Moussa, Peter F. Lovibond, & Roy Laube. (2001). Psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the 21-item depression anxiety stress scales (DASS21). Sydney, NSW: Transcultural Mental Health Centre. Cumberland Hospital.

 

Vivian Wai Man Mak, Samuel Mun Yin. Ho, Regina Wing Yin Kwong, & Wing Ling Li. (2018). A gender-responsive treatment facility in correctional services: The development of psychological gymnasium for women offenders. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 62(4), 1062-1079.

Sense of gratitude
Function
Offender therapy, comparative criminology, positive psychology
Relevance
Affective traits, spirituality, religiousness, nonmaterialistic attitudes
Target
Individuals
Respondent
Offenders
Feature
6 items in 7-point rating scale
Reliability
.75
References

Michael McCullough, Emmons, Robert Emmons, & Tsang, Jo-Ann. (2002). The grateful disposition: a conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of personality and social psychology82(1), 112.

 

Vivian Wai Man Mak, Samuel Mun Yin. Ho, Regina Wing Yin Kwong, & Wing Ling Li. (2018). A gender-responsive treatment facility in correctional services: The development of psychological gymnasium for women offenders. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 62(4), 1062-1079.