A A A
Manual Event (Session ID,DateTime,Event) = cf86gpe6hslm595j6da9ua2fu7 20210729235817 /outcome-impact-indicator-bank/interpersonal/family-and-child-welfare-services/

Family and Child Welfare Services

Well-established scales in the Hong Kong context

Parent-teacher association helpfulness
Function
Promoting well-being, benefit, connectedness
Relevance
Community, social capital, empathy
Target
Family
Respondent
Parent
Feature
5 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.881
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, Ching-man Lam, and Steven Sek-yum Ngai. 2008. “Help from the Parent-Teacher Association to Parenting Efficacy: Beyond Social Status and Informal Social Capital.” Journal of Socio-Economics 37:1138-1152.

Parent-teacher association social capital
Function
Promoting well-being, social support, parental involvement
Relevance
Intergenerational closure, institutionalization, externality
Target
Family
Respondent
Parent
Feature
4 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.934
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, Ching-man Lam, and Steven Sek-yum Ngai. 2008. “Help from the Parent-Teacher Association to Parenting Efficacy: Beyond Social Status and Informal Social Capital.” Journal of Socio-Economics 37:1138-1152.

Parent-teacher association activity
Function
Promoting academic achievement, self-esteem, social integration
Relevance
Volunteering, parenting, parent education
Target
Family
Respondent
Parent
Feature
8 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.918
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, Ching-man Lam, and Steven Sek-yum Ngai. 2008. “Help from the Parent-Teacher Association to Parenting Efficacy: Beyond Social Status and Informal Social Capital.” Journal of Socio-Economics 37:1138-1152.

Dyadic adjustment: affectional expression
Function
Promoting well-being, familial value
Relevance
Functioning, Conflict, justice, meaning
Target
Family
Respondent
Member
Feature
2 items in 5-point rating scale, 2 items in yes/no scale
Reliability
.63
References

Shek, Daniel T.L. 1994. “Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Version of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale.” Psychologia 37(1):7-17.

Friends’ psychological well-being
Function
Promoting studying, commitment, cohesion, moral behavior
Relevance
Attachment, crisis, self-determination, social capital
Target
Child
Respondent
Child
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.89
References

Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike, Angela Gosch, Luis Rajmil, Michael Erhart, Jeanet Bruil, Wolfgang Duer, Pascal Auquier, Mick Power, Thomas Abel, Ladislav Czemy, Joanna Mazur, Agnes Czimbalmos, Yannis Tountas, Curt Hagquist, Jean Kilroe, and Kidscreen Group. 2005. “KIDSCREEN-52 Quality-of-Life Measure for Children and Adolescents.” Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research 5(3):353-364.

Friends’ physical well-being
Function
Promoting mental health, activity, engagement, education
Relevance
Human capital, physiology, achievement
Target
Child
Respondent
Child
Feature
5 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.80
References

Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike, Angela Gosch, Luis Rajmil, Michael Erhart, Jeanet Bruil, Wolfgang Duer, Pascal Auquier, Mick Power, Thomas Abel, Ladislav Czemy, Joanna Mazur, Agnes Czimbalmos, Yannis Tountas, Curt Hagquist, Jean Kilroe, and Kidscreen Group. 2005. “KIDSCREEN-52 Quality-of-Life Measure for Children and Adolescents.” Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research 5(3):353-364.

Friends’ educational well-being
Function
Promoting health, competence, self-esteem, tolerance, aspiration, interest, engagement, participation
Relevance
Cognitive development, cultural capital, human capital, self-determination, self-regulation, social capital, social integration
Target
Child
Respondent
Child
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.74
References

Ngai, Steven Sek-yum, Chau-kiu Cheung, and Ngan-pun Ngai. 2012. “Effects of Service Use, Family Social Capital and School Social Capital on Psychosocial Development among Economically Disadvantaged Secondary School Students in Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescence & Youth 17(2-3):131-148.

Friends’ Preschool anxiety: obsessive-compulsive disorder
Function
Promoting calmness, harmony, resilience
Relevance
Fear, irritability, nervousness
Target
Family
Respondent
Parents
Feature
5 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.67
References

Leung, Grace Suk Man, King Chi Yau, and Suet Ying Yuen. 2018. “Validation of the Preschool Anxiety Scale-Traditional Chinese (PAS-TC) in Hong Kong.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 14(2):359-373.

Friends’ Preschool anxiety: social anxiety of child
Function
Promoting calmness, harmony, resilience
Relevance
Fear, irritability, nervousness
Target
Family
Respondent
Parents
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.77
References

Leung, Grace Suk Man, King Chi Yau, and Suet Ying Yuen. 2018. “Validation of the Preschool Anxiety Scale-Traditional Chinese (PAS-TC) in Hong Kong.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 14(2):359-373.

Friends’ Preschool anxiety: separation anxiety
Function
Promoting calmness, harmony, resilience
Relevance
Fear, irritability, nervousness
Target
Family
Respondent
Parents
Feature
5 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.64
References

Leung, Grace Suk Man, King Chi Yau, and Suet Ying Yuen. 2018. “Validation of the Preschool Anxiety Scale-Traditional Chinese (PAS-TC) in Hong Kong.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 14(2):359-373.

Friends’ Preschool anxiety physical injury fear
Function
Promoting calmness, harmony, resilience
Relevance
Victimization, irritability, nervousness
Target
Family
Respondent
Parents
Feature
7 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.73
References

Leung, Grace Suk Man, King Chi Yau, and Suet Ying Yuen. 2018. “Validation of the Preschool Anxiety Scale-Traditional Chinese (PAS-TC) in Hong Kong.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 14(2):359-373.

Social participation
Function
Promoting citizenship, well-being, achievement, prosocial behavior
Relevance
Asset acquisition, structuring, leadership
Target
Child
Respondent
Child
Feature
4 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.73
References

Gross-Manos, Daphna, and Asher Ben-Arieh. 2017. “How Subjective Well-Being Is Associated With Material Deprivation and Social Exclusion in Israeli 12-Year-Olds.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 87(3):274-290.

Family’s Grief: Sacrifice Burden
Function
Showing the need for support, mental and physical health problems
Relevance
Respite care, emotion regulation
Target
Family
Respondent
Caregiver
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
0.91
References

Chan, Wallace Chi-ho, Bel Wong, Timothy Kwok, and Florence Ho. 2017. “Assessing Grief of Family Caregivers of People with Dementia: Validation of the Chinese Version of the Marwit–Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory.” Health & Social Work 42(3): 151-158.

Family’s Grief: Heartfelt Sadness & Longing
Function
Showing the need for support, mental and physical health problems
Relevance
Life review, emotion regulation
Target
Family
Respondent
Caregiver
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
0.88
References

Chan, Wallace Chi-ho, Bel Wong, Timothy Kwok, and Florence Ho. 2017. “Assessing Grief of Family Caregivers of People with Dementia: Validation of the Chinese Version of the Marwit–Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory.” Health & Social Work 42(3): 151-158.

Family’s Grief: Worry and Felt Isolation
Function
Showing the need for support, need for social integration, health problems
Relevance
Therapy, social support, social integration
Target
Family
Respondent
Caregiver
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
0.86
References

Chan, Wallace Chi-ho, Bel Wong, Timothy Kwok, and Florence Ho. 2017. “Assessing Grief of Family Caregivers of People with Dementia: Validation of the Chinese Version of the Marwit–Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory.” Health & Social Work 42(3): 151-158.

Friends’ social well-being
Function
Promoting health, prosocial behavior, social participation
Relevance
Self-determination, individuation, separation
Target
Child
Respondent
Child
Feature
10 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
0.67
References

Ngai, Steven Sek-yum, Chau-kiu Cheung, and Ngan-pun Ngai. 2012. “Effects of Service Use, Family Social Capital and School Social Capital on Psychosocial Development among Economically Disadvantaged Secondary School Students in Hong Kong.” International Journal of Adolescence & Youth 17(2-3):131-148.