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Manual Event (Session ID,DateTime,Event) = hvci8li41j6cems2t852pkgesd 20220117041553 /outcome-impact-indicator-bank/interpersonal/services-for-elders/

Services for Elders

Well-established scales in the Hong Kong context

Family networking
Function
Promoting empowerment, well-being, social integration
Relevance
Convoy, social integration, community empowerment
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
3 items in 6-point rating scale
Reliability
.74
References

Lou, Vivian W. Q., and K. W. Boey. 2008. Handbook of Measures of the Chinese Elderly. Hong Kong, China: Sau Po Centre on Ageing, University of Hong Kong.

Friend networking
Function
Promoting empowerment, well-being, social integration
Relevance
Convoy, social integration, community empowerment
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
3 items in 6-point rating scale
Reliability
.85
References

Lou, Vivian W. Q., and K. W. Boey. 2008. Handbook of Measures of the Chinese Elderly. Hong Kong, China: Sau Po Centre on Ageing, University of Hong Kong.

Social support
Function
Promoting empowerment, well-being, social integration
Relevance
Convoy, social integration, community empowerment
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
4 items in 6-point rating scale
Reliability
.63
References

Lou, Vivian W. Q., and K. W. Boey. 2008. Handbook of Measures of the Chinese Elderly. Hong Kong, China: Sau Po Centre on Ageing, University of Hong Kong.

Bridging social capital
Function
Promoting successful aging, accomplishment, self-image
Relevance
Disengagement, continuity, volunteerism
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
7 items in 6-point rating scale
Reliability
.909
References

Ng, Yuen-hang. 2016. Individualization, Social Capital and Their Impacts on the Well-Being of Older Adults. Hong Kong, China: City University of Hong Kong

Friends’ depression
Function
Monitoring personal control, incompetence, social support
Relevance
Resilience, suicide, strain
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
8 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.834
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, and Ping Kwong Kam. 2018. “Conditions for Pets to Prevent Depression in Older Adults.” Aging & Mental Health 22(12):1627-1633.

 

Cheung, Chau-kiu, and Christopher Bagley. 1998. “Validating an American Scale in Hong Kong: The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).” Journal of Psychology 132(2):169-186.

Friends’ Work life quality
Function
Promoting achievement, commitment, health
Relevance
Autonomy, capability, satisfaction
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
10 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.755
References

Kwan, Alex Yui-huen, Chau-kiu Cheung, Raymond Man-hung Ngan, Sik Hung Ng, Anna Lau, Edward Man-fuk Leung, and Sophia Siu-chee Chan. 2003.5. Assessment, Validation, and Promotion for the Quality of Life and Continuum of Care of Elderly People in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong.

Friends’ Friendship quality
Function
Promoting achievement, commitment, health
Relevance
Autonomy, capability, satisfaction
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.759
References

Kwan, Alex Yui-huen, Chau-kiu Cheung, Raymond Man-hung Ngan, Sik Hung Ng, Anna Lau, Edward Man-fuk Leung, and Sophia Siu-chee Chan. 2003. Assessment, Validation, and Promotion for the Quality of Life and Continuum of Care of Elderly People in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong.

Friends’ Family life quality
Function
Promoting efficacy, functioning, support
Relevance
Harmony, resource, strength
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.729
References

Kwan, Alex Yui-huen, Chau-kiu Cheung, Raymond Man-hung Ngan, Sik Hung Ng, Anna Lau, Edward Man-fuk Leung, and Sophia Siu-chee Chan. 2003. Assessment, Validation, and Promotion for the Quality of Life and Continuum of Care of Elderly People in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong.

Friends’ Self-quality
Function
Promoting acceptance, wisdom, friendship
Relevance
Confidence, flexibility, problem solving
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
7 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.653
References

Kwan, Alex Yui-huen, Chau-kiu Cheung, Raymond Man-hung Ngan, Sik Hung Ng, Anna Lau, Edward Man-fuk Leung, and Sophia Siu-chee Chan. 2003. Assessment, Validation, and Promotion for the Quality of Life and Continuum of Care of Elderly People in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong.

Friends’ resilience
Function
Monitoring coping, personal strength, vitality
Relevance
Adaptation, continuity, recovery, positive aging, successful aging
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
4 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.728
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, and Ping Kwong Kam. 2018. “Conditions for Pets to Prevent Depression in Older Adults.” Aging & Mental Health 22(12):1627-1633.

 

Siu, Oi-ling, C. Harry Hui, David R. Phillips, Lin Lin, Tze-wai Wong, and Kan Shi. 2009. “A Study of Resiliency among Chinese Health Care Workers: Capacity to Cope with Workplace Stress.” Journal of Research in Personality 43:770-776.

Friends’ life difficulty
Function
Promoting personal control, well-being, social participation
Relevance
Life quality, physical functioning, life activity, self-care
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
5 items in 2-point rating scale
Reliability
.678
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, and Ping Kwong Kam. 2018. “Conditions for Pets to Prevent Depression in Older Adults.” Aging & Mental Health 22(12):1627-1633.

 

Bass, David M., Linda S. Noelker, and Catherine A. McCarthy. 1999. “The Influence of Formal and Informal Helpers or Primary Caregivers’ Perceptions of Quality of Care.” Journal of Applied Gerontology 18(2):177-200.

 

Lam, Cindy L.K., I.J. Lauder, T.P. Lam, and B. Gandek. 1999. “Population Based Norming of the Chinese (HK) Version of the SF-36 Health Survey.” Hong Kong Practitioner 21:460-470.

 

Stewart, Anita L., and John E. Ware, Jr. 1993. Measuring Functioning and Well-being: The Medical Outcomes Study Approach. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

 

Whestone, Lauren M., James L. Fozard, E. Jeffrey Metter, Barbara S. Hiscock, Ray Burke, Neil Gittings, and Linda P. Fried. 2001. “The Physical Functioning Inventory: A Procedure for Assessing Physical Function in Adults.” Journal of Aging & Health 13(4):467-493.

Friends’ Health
Function
Promoting mental health, activities, caregiver well-being
Relevance
Healthy aging, productive aging, functioning
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
6 items in 5-point rating scale
Reliability
.705
References

Kwan, Alex Yui-huen, Chau-kiu Cheung, Raymond Man-hung Ngan, Sik Hung Ng, Anna Lau, Edward Man-fuk Leung, and Sophia Siu-chee Chan. 2003. Assessment, Validation, and Promotion for the Quality of Life and Continuum of Care of Elderly People in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong.

 

Lam, Cindy L.K., I.J. Lauder, T.P. Lam, and B. Gandek. 1999. “Population Based Norming of the Chinese (HK) Version of the SF-36 Health Survey.” Hong Kong Practitioner 21:460-470.

 

Stewart, Anita L., and John E. Ware, Jr. 1993. Measuring Functioning and Well-being: The Medical Outcomes Study Approach. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Older adults’ domestic generative acts
Function
Respect for older adults, family caregiving support, meaning in life
Relevance
Generativity, older adults' psychological well-being, goal disengagement
Target
Older adults
Respondent
Adult children
Feature
4 items in 4-point rating scale
Reliability
.897
References

Cheng, Sheung-Tak. (2009). Generativity in later life: Perceived respect from younger generations as a determinant of goal disengagement and psychological well-being. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences64(1), 45-54.

 

Guo, Hao Yi, & Ngai, Steven Sek-yum. (2021). Validation of the Generative Acts Scale-Chinese Version (GAS-C) among Middle-Aged and Older Adults as Grandparents in Mainland China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(19), 9950.

Older adults’ agentic generative acts
Function
Respect for older adults, family caregiving support, meaning in life
Relevance
Generativity, older adults' psychological well-being, goal disengagement
Target
Older adults
Respondent
Adult children
Feature
5 items in 4-point rating scale
Reliability
.909
References

Cheng, Sheung-Tak. (2009). Generativity in later life: Perceived respect from younger generations as a determinant of goal disengagement and psychological well-being. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences64(1), 45-54.

 

Guo, Hao Yi, & Ngai, Steven Sek-yum. (2021). Validation of the Generative Acts Scale-Chinese Version (GAS-C) among Middle-Aged and Older Adults as Grandparents in Mainland China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(19), 9950.

Older adults’ communal generative acts
Function
Respect for older adults, family caregiving support, meaning in life
Relevance
Generativity, older adults' psychological well-being, goal disengagement
Target
Older adults
Respondent
Adult children
Feature
6 items in 4-point rating scale
Reliability
.953
References

Cheng, Sheung-Tak. (2009). Generativity in later life: Perceived respect from younger generations as a determinant of goal disengagement and psychological well-being. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences64(1), 45-54.

 

Guo, Hao Yi, & Ngai, Steven Sek-yum. (2021). Validation of the Generative Acts Scale-Chinese Version (GAS-C) among Middle-Aged and Older Adults as Grandparents in Mainland China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(19), 9950.

Older adults’ civic generative acts
Function
Respect for older adults, family caregiving support, meaning in life
Relevance
Generativity, older adults' psychological well-being, goal disengagement
Target
Older adults
Respondent
Adult children
Feature
5 items in 4-point rating scale
Reliability
.912
References

Cheng, Sheung-Tak. (2009). Generativity in later life: Perceived respect from younger generations as a determinant of goal disengagement and psychological well-being. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences64(1), 45-54.

 

Guo, Hao Yi, & Ngai, Steven Sek-yum. (2021). Validation of the Generative Acts Scale-Chinese Version (GAS-C) among Middle-Aged and Older Adults as Grandparents in Mainland China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(19), 9950.