A A A
Manual Event (Session ID,DateTime,Event) = bm86dk5jffvguugahc0u8p66kt 20220126001716 /my-profile/

My Profile

Change my profile picture (Maximum file size is 5MB)
Name:
Change
Email:
My Posts
20th January, 2022
Dear Dr. Mel, may I ask another question about CSO? I wonder if the CSO scheme only serves as a means of punishment.

Dear Dr. Mel, may I ask another question about CSO? I wonder if the CSO scheme only serves as a means of punishment.

19th January, 2022
Hi everyone! It is well recognized that crime and delinquency of young people place considerable economic loss on society, from an economic standpoint. I am trying to find an appropriate way to estimate these costs in Hong Kong. Appreciate it if you could give me some advice to calculate. Or maybe provide me with some practical examples.

Hi everyone! It is well recognized that crime and delinquency of young people place considerable economic loss on society, from an economic standpoint. I am trying to find an appropriate way to es ...

19th January, 2022
Following your previous suggestion, I have searched some theories to explain youth delinquency and the absence of parental supervision after school hours and found Hirschi’s social control theory. Yet, how to link youth’s behavior to social control is a huge challenge for me (I do believe in “the person in environment” theory). Grateful if you help me with it!

Following your previous suggestion, I have searched some theories to explain youth delinquency and the absence of parental supervision after school hours and found Hirschi’s social control theory. ...

19th January, 2022
Hi there. I am conducting a program evaluation of our services for juvenile crime. Yet, surprisingly I found that the most likely time for a juvenile to commit a crime is weekdays, instead of weekends. It doesn’t make sense to me… Is there anyone who could give me a hand?

Hi there. I am conducting a program evaluation of our services for juvenile crime. Yet, surprisingly I found that the most likely time for a juvenile to commit a crime is weekdays, instead of week ...

18th January, 2022
Could you please help me confirm something about the community service orders (CSO) scheme? I heard that under CSO, a court may make an order requiring a person of or over 14 years of age and convicted of an offense punishable with imprisonment to perform unpaid work for several hours not exceeding 240 hours within a period of 12 months under the supervision of a probation officer. Can I say that as the activities of the CSO scheme?

Could you please help me confirm something about the community service orders (CSO) scheme? I heard that under CSO, a court may make an order requiring a person of or over 14 years of age and conv ...

18th January, 2022
Dear Dr. Mel, could you please tell me where I can find more information about the probation service? As I am preparing for a survey on the effectiveness of probation services in Hong Kong. Thanks!

Dear Dr. Mel, could you please tell me where I can find more information about the probation service? As I am preparing for a survey on the effectiveness of probation services in Hong Kong. Thanks ...

18th January, 2022
Would you please give me a clue about the target group of probation services provided by SWD?

Would you please give me a clue about the target group of probation services provided by SWD?

18th January, 2022
Our institution plans to do a brief survey on the probation services for teenagers in Hong Kong. Could you please help me with the information preparation? I hope to know if there are special probation services for this group.

Our institution plans to do a brief survey on the probation services for teenagers in Hong Kong. Could you please help me with the information preparation? I hope to know if there are special prob ...

18th January, 2022
May I know what services probationers could get from POs?

May I know what services probationers could get from POs?

18th January, 2022
I am preparing for the evaluation on the service of the Probation Office. Could you please tell me about the responsibilities of the Probation Office in serving the courts?

I am preparing for the evaluation on the service of the Probation Office. Could you please tell me about the responsibilities of the Probation Office in serving the courts?

18th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. Mel, could you please elaborate a bit more on the expected outcomes of probation service in HK? I mean, can I count the number of offenders who have received probation service as the outcome? I am confused!

Hi, Dr. Mel, could you please elaborate a bit more on the expected outcomes of probation service in HK? I mean, can I count the number of offenders who have received probation service as the outco ...

18th January, 2022
Dear Dr. Mel, could you please give me a clue about the probation service conducted by SWD in HK?

Dear Dr. Mel, could you please give me a clue about the probation service conducted by SWD in HK?

18th January, 2022
Hi Dr. MEL, could you please also introduce the difference between the new and old models of services for offenders in HK? I am collecting information for evaluation of such a shift.

Hi Dr. MEL, could you please also introduce the difference between the new and old models of services for offenders in HK? I am collecting information for evaluation of such a shift.

18th January, 2022
May I ask about the services for offenders in Hong Kong? As we want to compare the impact of services for offenders in prison and in the community. I hope to know the advantages of community-based services compared with the service provided in prison.

May I ask about the services for offenders in Hong Kong? As we want to compare the impact of services for offenders in prison and in the community. I hope to know the advantages of community-based ...

18th January, 2022
Hi. One of my friends introduced this OCOP platform to me. I am still having no idea about what the program evaluation is? I wonder what this process involves if I want to practice the skills learned from MEL courses.

Hi. One of my friends introduced this OCOP platform to me. I am still having no idea about what the program evaluation is? I wonder what this process involves if I want to practice the skills lear ...

18th January, 2022
Hi, I understand that community usually has different definitions in different countries. Would you please summarize the most general meaning of community in HK for me?

Hi, I understand that community usually has different definitions in different countries. Would you please summarize the most general meaning of community in HK for me?

18th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, now I understand the importance of the theory of change to social service activities. May I ask if it is true that the community development in HK generally adopts western social work theories?

Dear Dr. MEL, now I understand the importance of the theory of change to social service activities. May I ask if it is true that the community development in HK generally adopts western social wor ...

18th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, we are developing an evaluation program on the roles of social workers in community development in HK. Would you please share your opinion with me about this topic?

Dear Dr. MEL, we are developing an evaluation program on the roles of social workers in community development in HK. Would you please share your opinion with me about this topic?

18th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. Mel. I’ve learned about non-probability sampling from MEL courses. Do you think that we could use snowball sampling in a survey on the collaboration scheme of community development in HK?

Hi, Dr. Mel. I’ve learned about non-probability sampling from MEL courses. Do you think that we could use snowball sampling in a survey on the collaboration scheme of community development in HK?< ...

18th January, 2022
I have a further question about community development in Hong Kong. Would you please briefly conclude the characteristics of community development in HK?

I have a further question about community development in Hong Kong. Would you please briefly conclude the characteristics of community development in HK?

18th January, 2022
Following the proposal, could you please also explain to me the differences between asset-based development and capital-based development in the community?

Following the proposal, could you please also explain to me the differences between asset-based development and capital-based development in the community?

18th January, 2022
Hello, I do not quite understand asset-based community development. Is it a concept in the social work area? Would you please kindly help me with this concept?

Hello, I do not quite understand asset-based community development. Is it a concept in the social work area? Would you please kindly help me with this concept?

18th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL, we are planning an evaluation program on community development services. Would you please give me a clue about the major participants in community development projects in Hong Kong?

Hi, Dr. MEL, we are planning an evaluation program on community development services. Would you please give me a clue about the major participants in community development projects in Hong Kong?

18th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL, I got a question. Some of my participants, our survey on communities in Hong Kong, have a complaint that communities in modern society are less intimate. Therefore, I wonder if the re-building of the community might destroy the community connection in HK?

Hi, Dr. MEL, I got a question. Some of my participants, our survey on communities in Hong Kong, have a complaint that communities in modern society are less intimate. Therefore, I wonder if the re ...

18th January, 2022
Dr. MEL, could you please kindly explain to me the differences between community service and community development in HK? I am quite confused about these two terms.

Dr. MEL, could you please kindly explain to me the differences between community service and community development in HK? I am quite confused about these two terms.

18th January, 2022
Hello, Dr. MEL, I want to find more information for the survey on the community-based health services I mentioned earlier. Could you please tell me how to contact the community organizations in Tai Po & North District? Thanks!

Hello, Dr. MEL, I want to find more information for the survey on the community-based health services I mentioned earlier. Could you please tell me how to contact the community organizations in Ta ...

18th January, 2022
May I also ask about the target group of community-based health services in Tai Po & North District? I hope to know if chronically ill people can get services from community-based institutions or organizations in Tai Po & North District?

May I also ask about the target group of community-based health services in Tai Po & North District? I hope to know if chronically ill people can get services from community-based institutions ...

18th January, 2022
We are doing a brief survey on the community-based health service for residents in Tai Po & North District. Could you please help to introduce some relevant organizations? Maybe we can try to collect data there?

We are doing a brief survey on the community-based health service for residents in Tai Po & North District. Could you please help to introduce some relevant organizations? Maybe we can try to ...

18th January, 2022
May I ask if the District Social Welfare Officers are responsible for community development and services in HK?

May I ask if the District Social Welfare Officers are responsible for community development and services in HK?

18th January, 2022
Hi Mel Institute, we are collecting data for preparing the evaluation of our community-based childcare services in Hong Kong. Could you please tell me where to find information about the Mutual Help Child Care center?

Hi Mel Institute, we are collecting data for preparing the evaluation of our community-based childcare services in Hong Kong. Could you please tell me where to find information about the Mutual He ...

18th January, 2022
Could you please give me more information about the Mutual Help Child Care center? Thanks!

Could you please give me more information about the Mutual Help Child Care center? Thanks!

18th January, 2022
Following the previous questions, one major complaint of young parents is they found the payment for childcare is unexpectedly high. May I also know how much young parents should pay for the Neighborhood Support Child Care services?

Following the previous questions, one major complaint of young parents is they found the payment for childcare is unexpectedly high. May I also know how much young parents should pay for the Neigh ...

17th January, 2022
Dear Dr. Mel, we realize that young parents usually face the challenge of balancing work and childcare according to our survey on community support for families. May I ask if there is only day-time service in the Neighborhood Support Child Care Project?

Dear Dr. Mel, we realize that young parents usually face the challenge of balancing work and childcare according to our survey on community support for families. May I ask if there is only day-tim ...

17th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. Mel, could you please introduce the services included in the Neighborhood Support Child Care Project?

Hi, Dr. Mel, could you please introduce the services included in the Neighborhood Support Child Care Project?

17th January, 2022
Hi Dr. MEL, I am working in the field of community-based childcare services, would you please help me with the question, that is, how can newly formed families in HK get benefit from community-based services regarding childcare?

Hi Dr. MEL, I am working in the field of community-based childcare services, would you please help me with the question, that is, how can newly formed families in HK get benefit from community-bas ...

17th January, 2022
Following the previous questions, would you please also give me a clue about the terms of reference of District Youth program Committees?

Following the previous questions, would you please also give me a clue about the terms of reference of District Youth program Committees?

17th January, 2022
Hello, Dr. MEL. I know that the YDP Advisory Committee is responsible for funding applications and monitoring the implementation. Shall these be considered the activities of the Committee? If so, could you please also introduce other activities of this committee? As we are trying to use the logic model in our evaluation of YDP services.

Hello, Dr. MEL. I know that the YDP Advisory Committee is responsible for funding applications and monitoring the implementation. Shall these be considered the activities of the Committee? If so, ...

17th January, 2022
May I also ask if YDP is run by the Home Affairs Department directly?

May I also ask if YDP is run by the Home Affairs Department directly?

17th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, thanks so much for your kind replies to my questions about the YDP evaluation. Could you please tell me where I can find more details about YDP activities?

Dear Dr. MEL, thanks so much for your kind replies to my questions about the YDP evaluation. Could you please tell me where I can find more details about YDP activities?

17th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. I heard that it has of great importance to design the way to allocate resources in a program especially considering our resources are usually limited. Taken the funding criteria of YDP as an example, could you give us more information about it?

Hi, Dr. MEL. I heard that it has of great importance to design the way to allocate resources in a program especially considering our resources are usually limited. Taken the funding criteria of YD ...

17th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, could you also please introduce the activities of Territory-wide/Cross-district Youth Development Activities of YDP? We are trying to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of our service, which is very similar to YDP.

Dear Dr. MEL, could you also please introduce the activities of Territory-wide/Cross-district Youth Development Activities of YDP? We are trying to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of our se ...

17th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL, could you kindly give me an example of the activities in the Year-round District Youth Activities of YDP?

Hi, Dr. MEL, could you kindly give me an example of the activities in the Year-round District Youth Activities of YDP?

17th January, 2022
We are collecting detailed information to figure out the activities of YDP. Would you please introduce the activities organized by YDP in the summer?

We are collecting detailed information to figure out the activities of YDP. Would you please introduce the activities organized by YDP in the summer?

13th January, 2022
Hi MEL Institute, may I ask about the inputs of YDP? For example, which are the funding donors of YDP?

Hi MEL Institute, may I ask about the inputs of YDP? For example, which are the funding donors of YDP?

13th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. Could you please help me understand more about the term “activities” in the logic model? I hope to know what kinds of activities are provided by YDP.

Hi, Dr. MEL. Could you please help me understand more about the term “activities” in the logic model? I hope to know what kinds of activities are provided by YDP.

13th January, 2022
Could you please explain to me the objectives of YDP regarding the balanced development of young people based on community development?

Could you please explain to me the objectives of YDP regarding the balanced development of young people based on community development?

13th January, 2022
Speaking of the resource allocation policy of YDP, would you please elaborate a bit more? I wonder if all recognized community organizations can get funding from YDP.

Speaking of the resource allocation policy of YDP, would you please elaborate a bit more? I wonder if all recognized community organizations can get funding from YDP.

12th January, 2022
Would you please tell me about the resource allocation policy of the YDP community development program? I hope to know what kind of organizations can get the support of YDP to conduct services?

Would you please tell me about the resource allocation policy of the YDP community development program? I hope to know what kind of organizations can get the support of YDP to conduct services?

12th January, 2022
Following the previous question, may I also ask about the activities of YDP to promote young people’s participation in community development?

Following the previous question, may I also ask about the activities of YDP to promote young people’s participation in community development?

12th January, 2022
Would you please tell me more about the target group of the Youth Development Program? Is it true that any young people can join it?

Would you please tell me more about the target group of the Youth Development Program? Is it true that any young people can join it?

12th January, 2022
Dear MEL professionals, I found that some programs can access resources from different departments with special target groups and comprehensive methods. May I ask about the Youth Development Program? Is it a community-based program targeting young people?

Dear MEL professionals, I found that some programs can access resources from different departments with special target groups and comprehensive methods. May I ask about the Youth Development Progr ...

12th January, 2022
Following the previous question, could you please elaborate more on the community development program of NHA? 

Following the previous question, could you please elaborate more on the community development program of NHA? 

12th January, 2022
Besides the programs mentioned in earlier questions, would you please also introduce other community support for new arrivals in Hong Kong? As we want to improve the community-based support for people new to Hong Kong by carrying out an evaluation program. For example, could you please introduce the New Home Association?

Besides the programs mentioned in earlier questions, would you please also introduce other community support for new arrivals in Hong Kong? As we want to improve the community-based support for pe ...

12th January, 2022
Hello, MEL Institute. I wonder if there is any social worker in the Expectation Management program in Shenzhen?

Hello, MEL Institute. I wonder if there is any social worker in the Expectation Management program in Shenzhen?

12th January, 2022
Following previous posts, may I also ask how much an applicant should pay for services of the Expectation Management program in Shenzhen?

Following previous posts, may I also ask how much an applicant should pay for services of the Expectation Management program in Shenzhen?

12th January, 2022
Following the previous posts, may I also ask about the application arrangement of the Expectation Management Program in Shenzhen?

Following the previous posts, may I also ask about the application arrangement of the Expectation Management Program in Shenzhen?

12th January, 2022
Could you please elaborate a bit more on community services that a client can get from the Expectation Management Program in Shenzhen?

Could you please elaborate a bit more on community services that a client can get from the Expectation Management Program in Shenzhen?

12th January, 2022
I’ve learned that a logic model could be very useful, such as help us identify the differences between activities and the intended effects. Take the Expectation Management Program as an example, would you give me a clue about what the intended effects are in the community service?

I’ve learned that a logic model could be very useful, such as help us identify the differences between activities and the intended effects. Take the Expectation Management Program as an example, w ...

12th January, 2022
Hello, Dr. MEL. I hope to collect more information for our evaluation of the Ambassador Scheme. Would you please help me with this?

Hello, Dr. MEL. I hope to collect more information for our evaluation of the Ambassador Scheme. Would you please help me with this?

12th January, 2022
May I also ask about the concept outputs? Take the Ambassador Scheme as an example, what are the outputs in the program?

May I also ask about the concept outputs? Take the Ambassador Scheme as an example, what are the outputs in the program?

12th January, 2022
Could you also please help me with the definition of impacts in the logic model? We plan to use the logic model in program evaluation, but I am confused about the definitions of some terms.

Could you also please help me with the definition of impacts in the logic model? We plan to use the logic model in program evaluation, but I am confused about the definitions of some terms.

12th January, 2022
Hello Dr. MEL, may I ask about the Ambassador Scheme of Home Affairs Department? As I’m preparing for the evaluation of creative community support for minority groups in Hong Kong.

Hello Dr. MEL, may I ask about the Ambassador Scheme of Home Affairs Department? As I’m preparing for the evaluation of creative community support for minority groups in Hong Kong.

12th January, 2022
Would you please also introduce services provided by the District-based Integration program?

Would you please also introduce services provided by the District-based Integration program?

11th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. We are developing an evaluation program on the District-based Integration Program. May I ask if this program covers all communities in HK?

Hi, Dr. MEL. We are developing an evaluation program on the District-based Integration Program. May I ask if this program covers all communities in HK?

10th January, 2022
May I ask if the Home Affairs Department provides community-based support for new arrivals from mainland China or other countries? I am trying to figure out the target group of community services of the Home Affairs Department.

May I ask if the Home Affairs Department provides community-based support for new arrivals from mainland China or other countries? I am trying to figure out the target group of community services ...

10th January, 2022
Dr. MEL, may I ask about the concepts of outputs and outcomes? I am still confusing about them. For example, the number of temporary shelters managed by the Home Affairs Department, is it output or outcome?

Dr. MEL, may I ask about the concepts of outputs and outcomes? I am still confusing about them. For example, the number of temporary shelters managed by the Home Affairs Department, is it output o ...

10th January, 2022
Would you please tell me more about the community-based emergency relief services under the Home Affairs Department in HK?

Would you please tell me more about the community-based emergency relief services under the Home Affairs Department in HK?

10th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. As we are reflecting on the strategies of resources assignment, would you please tell me if ESR can give preference to certain applicants as there are more SEs in HK?

Hi, Dr. MEL. As we are reflecting on the strategies of resources assignment, would you please tell me if ESR can give preference to certain applicants as there are more SEs in HK?

10th January, 2022
May I also ask how social enterprises apply for the grant of ESR?

May I also ask how social enterprises apply for the grant of ESR?

10th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, may I ask about a question about the logic model? I do not know clearly about the relations between inputs and activities. Aren’t the activities also inputs to the program?

Dear Dr. MEL, may I ask about a question about the logic model? I do not know clearly about the relations between inputs and activities. Aren’t the activities also inputs to the program?

10th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. It’s reasonable that a program selects the participants to make good use of limited resources. May I ask about the criteria for ESR applicants?

Hi, Dr. MEL. It’s reasonable that a program selects the participants to make good use of limited resources. May I ask about the criteria for ESR applicants?

10th January, 2022
Following the previous question, may I also ask the amount of ESR grant for SEs?

Following the previous question, may I also ask the amount of ESR grant for SEs?

10th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. I have learned that the inputs in the logic model refer to the resources needed to implement the activities. We are planning an evaluation of the strategies of resources assignment of ESR, may I ask the specific criteria for social enterprises to get funding from ESR program?

Hi, Dr. MEL. I have learned that the inputs in the logic model refer to the resources needed to implement the activities. We are planning an evaluation of the strategies of resources assignment of ...

10th January, 2022
May I ask should all social enterprises serve the disadvantaged people in the ESR program?

May I ask should all social enterprises serve the disadvantaged people in the ESR program?

10th January, 2022
I’m confused about the effectiveness of ESR’s effort in preventing poverty, therefore hope to know how ESR helps the disadvantaged to develop skills and capacities. Could you please give me a clue?

I’m confused about the effectiveness of ESR’s effort in preventing poverty, therefore hope to know how ESR helps the disadvantaged to develop skills and capacities. Could you please give me a clue ...

10th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, I have learned that the logic model depicts the relations between activities and the intended effects of a program. As we are preparing for the evaluation of the Enhancing Self-Reliance project, could you please give me a clue about the intended effects or the objectives of ESR?

Dear Dr. MEL, I have learned that the logic model depicts the relations between activities and the intended effects of a program. As we are preparing for the evaluation of the Enhancing Self-Relia ...

10th January, 2022
Could you please give me more information about the Enhancing Self-Reliance project? Is it a part of a community development service in Hong Kong?

Could you please give me more information about the Enhancing Self-Reliance project? Is it a part of a community development service in Hong Kong?

10th January, 2022
May I also ask where to find the newest information about NMHP programs? We are trying to collect as much information as we can to prepare for the evaluation.

May I also ask where to find the newest information about NMHP programs? We are trying to collect as much information as we can to prepare for the evaluation.

10th January, 2022
Following the previous question, we are very curious about the intended effects of NMHP. Would you please tell us more about it, such as the objectives of community development of NMHP?

Following the previous question, we are very curious about the intended effects of NMHP. Would you please tell us more about it, such as the objectives of community development of NMHP?

7th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, I don’t know clearly about the logic model. Could we use the logic model in the evaluation of the Neighborhood Mutual Help program (NMHP)?

Dear Dr. MEL, I don’t know clearly about the logic model. Could we use the logic model in the evaluation of the Neighborhood Mutual Help program (NMHP)?

7th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. We are preparing for a survey on the accessibility of community services in community halls. I hope to know more about…… like, should people apply for license agreements for their performance of copyright literary, music, or videos in community halls?

Hi, Dr. MEL. We are preparing for a survey on the accessibility of community services in community halls. I hope to know more about…… like, should people apply for license agreements for their per ...

7th January, 2022
May I ask how to apply for the facilities of community halls/centers?

May I ask how to apply for the facilities of community halls/centers?

7th January, 2022
Following the prior post, could you please also elaborate a bit more on the facilitates available in community halls and centers of the Home Affairs Department?

Following the prior post, could you please also elaborate a bit more on the facilitates available in community halls and centers of the Home Affairs Department?

7th January, 2022
Hello Dr. MEL, we are planning to design an evaluation for the community services. I wonder if you know how many community halls and community centers are managed by Home Affairs Department currently?

Hello Dr. MEL, we are planning to design an evaluation for the community services. I wonder if you know how many community halls and community centers are managed by Home Affairs Department curren ...

7th January, 2022
Following the previous question, I wonder what the mission of the Home Affairs Department is in community development?

Following the previous question, I wonder what the mission of the Home Affairs Department is in community development?

7th January, 2022
Hi MEL Institute, we are planning a survey on community development services in Hong Kong. I hope to know what kinds of stakeholders might support community development?

Hi MEL Institute, we are planning a survey on community development services in Hong Kong. I hope to know what kinds of stakeholders might support community development?

7th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, we are collecting secondary data for the evaluation of community service in Hong Kong. Would you please tell us the newest community service provision statistics?

Dear Dr. MEL, we are collecting secondary data for the evaluation of community service in Hong Kong. Would you please tell us the newest community service provision statistics?

7th January, 2022
Following the previous question, do you know where I can get the full list of CSNT?

Following the previous question, do you know where I can get the full list of CSNT?

7th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL. We are planning an evaluation program on community service for offenders and drug abusers. Would you please tell me more information about the Care and Support Networking Team (CSNT)?

Hi, Dr. MEL. We are planning an evaluation program on community service for offenders and drug abusers. Would you please tell me more information about the Care and Support Networking Team (CSNT)? ...

6th January, 2022
Following previous questions, could you please tell me I could find the contact of NLCDP teams?

Following previous questions, could you please tell me I could find the contact of NLCDP teams?

6th January, 2022
Could you please give me more information about the Neighbourhood Level Community Development Project (NLCDP)? Why did the Hong Kong government launch this project?

Could you please give me more information about the Neighbourhood Level Community Development Project (NLCDP)? Why did the Hong Kong government launch this project?

6th January, 2022
May I know how to access the Community center services in Hong Kong?

May I know how to access the Community center services in Hong Kong?

6th January, 2022
I am not very familiar with the services provided by Community Center in Hong Kong. Would you please kindly help me with it?

I am not very familiar with the services provided by Community Center in Hong Kong. Would you please kindly help me with it?

6th January, 2022
Dear MEL Institute, we are developing an evaluation plan for community development services in Hong Kong. May I ask more about the existing community development services in Hong Kong?

Dear MEL Institute, we are developing an evaluation plan for community development services in Hong Kong. May I ask more about the existing community development services in Hong Kong?

6th January, 2022
Could you please tell me more about the function of community development programs in Hong Kong? What kind of social impacts could it be of those services for the public?

Could you please tell me more about the function of community development programs in Hong Kong? What kind of social impacts could it be of those services for the public?

6th January, 2022
Hi Dr. Mel, could you please introduce what services are provided by Home Affairs Enquiry Centers?

Hi Dr. Mel, could you please introduce what services are provided by Home Affairs Enquiry Centers?

6th January, 2022
We found that it is hard to ensure that elders with severe mental diseases make their own decisions during our evaluation of the community services for this group. Can we just tell them what to do without trying to explain?

We found that it is hard to ensure that elders with severe mental diseases make their own decisions during our evaluation of the community services for this group. Can we just tell them what to do ...

6th January, 2022
Could you please tell me currently how many Mutual Aid Committees there in HK are?

Could you please tell me currently how many Mutual Aid Committees there in HK are?

6th January, 2022
I wonder if there are mutual help organizations in Hong Kong communities. If so, could you please name one of the organizations for me? Thanks!

I wonder if there are mutual help organizations in Hong Kong communities. If so, could you please name one of the organizations for me? Thanks!

6th January, 2022
May I ask about the duty of the Area Committees of the Home Affairs Bureau?

May I ask about the duty of the Area Committees of the Home Affairs Bureau?

6th January, 2022
Dear Dr. MEL, as we are developing an evaluation program on SPS, would you please give me some advice on the principle of justice? My colleagues want to select the most successful community programs for evaluation to get a high possibility for positive results of SPS. Is it okay?

Dear Dr. MEL, as we are developing an evaluation program on SPS, would you please give me some advice on the principle of justice? My colleagues want to select the most successful community progra ...

5th January, 2022
May I ask the criteria for choosing SPS?

May I ask the criteria for choosing SPS?

5th January, 2022
Could you please tell me which institution is responsible for SPS? DC or a specific community? Thanks!

Could you please tell me which institution is responsible for SPS? DC or a specific community? Thanks!

5th January, 2022
I have learned that community programs are different in different places. May I ask if DC provides funding for different communities?

I have learned that community programs are different in different places. May I ask if DC provides funding for different communities?

5th January, 2022
May I ask about the funding division between district minor works projects and community involvement projects of DC in 2021?

May I ask about the funding division between district minor works projects and community involvement projects of DC in 2021?

5th January, 2022
Dear Dr. Mel, I want to confirm, as an evaluator, all I need to do to perform the principle of beneficence is to protect the well-being of the participants. Is that right?

Dear Dr. Mel, I want to confirm, as an evaluator, all I need to do to perform the principle of beneficence is to protect the well-being of the participants. Is that right?

5th January, 2022
We are developing an evaluation program on District-led Actions Scheme” (DAS) and I want to know how much will be allocated to DAS each year. Could you please help me with this?

We are developing an evaluation program on District-led Actions Scheme" (DAS) and I want to know how much will be allocated to DAS each year. Could you please help me with this?

5th January, 2022
May I ask if DC is responsible for the guidance of DAS?

May I ask if DC is responsible for the guidance of DAS?

5th January, 2022
I have learned about the 3 principles of program evaluation, one of which is beneficence. May I ask how evaluators can perform this rule?

I have learned about the 3 principles of program evaluation, one of which is beneficence. May I ask how evaluators can perform this rule?

5th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. Mel, may I ask the roles of DMC in community development?

Hi, Dr. Mel, may I ask the roles of DMC in community development?

5th January, 2022
Could you please give me a clue about who can join the DMC?

Could you please give me a clue about who can join the DMC?

5th January, 2022
May I ask if the DC members provide services for communities directly?

May I ask if the DC members provide services for communities directly?

5th January, 2022
Hi, Dr. MEL, I understand there is a principle of “justice” for service evaluation. However, in my mindset, “justice” is more about our service, instead of research. I guess. Could you please explain more to me?

Hi, Dr. MEL, I understand there is a principle of “justice” for service evaluation. However, in my mindset, “justice” is more about our service, instead of research. I guess. Could you please expl ...

24th December, 2021
We plan to collect data for the survey about District Councils. Would you please introduce how many members are included in the HK District councils (DCs) currently?

We plan to collect data for the survey about District Councils. Would you please introduce how many members are included in the HK District councils (DCs) currently?

24th December, 2021
I heard that there are principles for evaluators when performing effective evaluations on social service programs. Would you please kindly let me know more about it?

I heard that there are principles for evaluators when performing effective evaluations on social service programs. Would you please kindly let me know more about it?

24th December, 2021
Apart from the councils and committees, may I know if the participation of residents is also included as the objective of HK district administration?

Apart from the councils and committees, may I know if the participation of residents is also included as the objective of HK district administration?

24th December, 2021
May I also ask about the institutions or organizations included in the district administration of HK?

May I also ask about the institutions or organizations included in the district administration of HK?

24th December, 2021
May I ask when the HK government has implemented administration on the level of the district?

May I ask when the HK government has implemented administration on the level of the district?

24th December, 2021
Hi Dr. Mel, could you please give me a clue about the policy goal of the Home Affairs Bureau?

Hi Dr. Mel, could you please give me a clue about the policy goal of the Home Affairs Bureau?

22nd December, 2021
Hi Dr. MEL, we want to compare the roles of the SWD and Home Affairs Bureau in terms of community development in HK. Would you please share your opinions about the division between the two departments?

Hi Dr. MEL, we want to compare the roles of the SWD and Home Affairs Bureau in terms of community development in HK. Would you please share your opinions about the division between the two departm ...

22nd December, 2021
May I ask if there are evaluations on community development programs in HK?

May I ask if there are evaluations on community development programs in HK?

22nd December, 2021
May I ask if the HK community development programs go with the stream of community-based welfare provision in western countries?

May I ask if the HK community development programs go with the stream of community-based welfare provision in western countries?

22nd December, 2021
Hi Dr. Mel, I wonder are there any duties of the evaluator to the stakeholders in program evaluation?

Hi Dr. Mel, I wonder are there any duties of the evaluator to the stakeholders in program evaluation?

22nd December, 2021
Could you please explain why the community development needs to set comprehensive goals in HK?

Could you please explain why the community development needs to set comprehensive goals in HK?

22nd December, 2021
Hi, Dr. MEL. I’ve learned a lot from the MEL courses. Would you please help me to figure out the possible negative impacts of a poorly performed evaluation? I would like to share the skills and matters needing attention about program evaluation with my colleagues.

Hi, Dr. MEL. I’ve learned a lot from the MEL courses. Would you please help me to figure out the possible negative impacts of a poorly performed evaluation? I would like to share the skills and ma ...

22nd December, 2021
Dr. MEL, may I ask a question about the logic of program evaluation? I hope to know if I can evaluate the program and develop appropriate measurement strategies.

Dr. MEL, may I ask a question about the logic of program evaluation? I hope to know if I can evaluate the program and develop appropriate measurement strategies.

22nd December, 2021
Dear Dr. Mel, I wonder why the government works on promoting the involvement of social organizations in the community? Is it about getting more sponsors?

Dear Dr. Mel, I wonder why the government works on promoting the involvement of social organizations in the community? Is it about getting more sponsors?

22nd December, 2021
Would you please kindly give me a clue about the focus of community development in HK?

Would you please kindly give me a clue about the focus of community development in HK?

22nd December, 2021
I want to learn more about the theory of change. Could you please help me with the definition? Is it different from BACK (S)?

I want to learn more about the theory of change. Could you please help me with the definition? Is it different from BACK (S)?

22nd December, 2021
May I ask a question about the Trust’s BACK (S) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework? I am not sure about the concept of knowledge transfer.

May I ask a question about the Trust’s BACK (S) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework? I am not sure about the concept of knowledge transfer.

22nd December, 2021
Hi, Dr. MEL. I am trying to practice what I’ve learned from MEL courses. It is difficult to choose an appropriate sampling method to collect data. May I ask if I can use purposive sampling to target people who start to participate in community activities after the outbreak of Covid-19?

Hi, Dr. MEL. I am trying to practice what I’ve learned from MEL courses. It is difficult to choose an appropriate sampling method to collect data. May I ask if I can use purposive sampling to targ ...

22nd December, 2021
Could you please introduce the Trust’s BACK(S) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework? I hope to know more about the key components of this framework.

Could you please introduce the Trust’s BACK(S) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework? I hope to know more about the key components of this framework.

21st December, 2021
Hi, Dr. MEL. I have another question about the four-level model of evaluation. I hope to know if the participation of residents in community activities counts as the “behavior” component in the model?

Hi, Dr. MEL. I have another question about the four-level model of evaluation. I hope to know if the participation of residents in community activities counts as the “behavior” component in the mo ...

21st December, 2021
May I ask if it is necessary to let NGOs participate in community programs for community development?

May I ask if it is necessary to let NGOs participate in community programs for community development?

21st December, 2021
May I ask about the four-level model of evaluation? I wonder why both learning and reaction could be considered as evaluating the performance of participants? What is the difference between reaction and learning?

May I ask about the four-level model of evaluation? I wonder why both learning and reaction could be considered as evaluating the performance of participants? What is the difference between reacti ...

21st December, 2021
Hi, I want to use the logic model to conduct a program evaluation, but I am not 100% sure about the concept of input. Could you please make an example of a projects’ inputs?

Hi, I want to use the logic model to conduct a program evaluation, but I am not 100% sure about the concept of input. Could you please make an example of a projects’ inputs?

21st December, 2021
Could you please elaborate a bit more about the logic model? Is it a graphic tool or a statistical tool? I am so confused….

Could you please elaborate a bit more about the logic model? Is it a graphic tool or a statistical tool? I am so confused….

21st December, 2021
Hi, Dr, MEL, I am so impressed by what I have learned from the MEL courses! Thanks so much for all your help! I have a small question about the program evaluation. I wonder what methods should we use in program evaluation? Can we integrate several different tools during the evaluation? It is a kind of a waste if I failed to use what I have learned from the Mel training!

Hi, Dr, MEL, I am so impressed by what I have learned from the MEL courses! Thanks so much for all your help! I have a small question about the program evaluation. I wonder what methods should we ...

21st December, 2021
I plan to research community-based services for older adults. Could you please help me call back the memory regarding the data collection methods? I am not sure which one is better, the data collected by myself or the secondary data?

I plan to research community-based services for older adults. Could you please help me call back the memory regarding the data collection methods? I am not sure which one is better, the data colle ...

21st December, 2021
Hi, Dr. Mel, could you please introduce the difference between the micro and macro perspectives of social capital? I do not know this term.

Hi, Dr. Mel, could you please introduce the difference between the micro and macro perspectives of social capital? I do not know this term.

21st December, 2021
We plan to survey the community, however, I kind of forgot what we should do after sending out the questionnaire. That procedure is complex… Could you please kindly help me with it?

We plan to survey the community, however, I kind of forgot what we should do after sending out the questionnaire. That procedure is complex... Could you please kindly help me with it?

21st December, 2021
Could you please explain to me why residents can be empowered by participating in community economic development?

Could you please explain to me why residents can be empowered by participating in community economic development?

21st December, 2021
I’ve learned about the importance of exploring internal resources in community development. However, I am curious about what specific damages will be caused if the community depends too much on external services from the government or institutions?

I’ve learned about the importance of exploring internal resources in community development. However, I am curious about what specific damages will be caused if the community depends too much on ex ...

20th December, 2021
Thank you for replying to my questions about the community economy. May I further ask your personal opinions regarding how to develop the community economy in HK?

Thank you for replying to my questions about the community economy. May I further ask your personal opinions regarding how to develop the community economy in HK?

20th December, 2021
May I ask the principles of asset-based community development? I have heard it sometime before but failed to remember.

May I ask the principles of asset-based community development? I have heard it sometime before but failed to remember.

20th December, 2021
Dear Dr. Mel, would you please tell me more about what types might be included in the community economic development in HK?

Dear Dr. Mel, would you please tell me more about what types might be included in the community economic development in HK?

20th December, 2021
Hi, Dr. Mel, I wonder if community economic development could build up social capital.

Hi, Dr. Mel, I wonder if community economic development could build up social capital.

20th December, 2021
May I further ask about social capital in community development in HK? Is it counted as an input?

May I further ask about social capital in community development in HK? Is it counted as an input?

20th December, 2021
Hi, I learned from MEL courses that the key to program evaluation is having a thorough understanding of how the components of the organization’s project generate desirable outcomes. May I ask more about the internal and external resources in community development?

Hi, I learned from MEL courses that the key to program evaluation is having a thorough understanding of how the components of the organization’s project generate desirable outcomes. May I ask more ...

20th December, 2021
Thanks for your introduction of social capital. As we want to explore the significance of social capital construction to poverty reduction at the community level in HK, could you please also help me with this question?

Thanks for your introduction of social capital. As we want to explore the significance of social capital construction to poverty reduction at the community level in HK, could you please also help ...

20th December, 2021
May I ask the nature of social capital in the context of HK community development?

May I ask the nature of social capital in the context of HK community development?

20th December, 2021
Could you please explain the publicity strategy used in community development during Covid-19?

Could you please explain the publicity strategy used in community development during Covid-19?

20th December, 2021
Hi, Dr. MEL, I wonder which goal of the community development project is more important, providing resources directly or facilitating self-help of residents?

Hi, Dr. MEL, I wonder which goal of the community development project is more important, providing resources directly or facilitating self-help of residents?

20th December, 2021
The challenges brought by Covid-19 may call for more creativeness in service provision. Could you please introduce some new means of community services during Covid-19?

The challenges brought by Covid-19 may call for more creativeness in service provision. Could you please introduce some new means of community services during Covid-19?

20th December, 2021
We are planning a survey on community support during Covid-19. Do you think HK community development projects might play a vital role in it? Should we try to approach them for data collection?

We are planning a survey on community support during Covid-19. Do you think HK community development projects might play a vital role in it? Should we try to approach them for data collection?

20th December, 2021
For the lower-income people in HK communities who are facing severe unemployment problems during the epidemic, it seems impossible to conduct a random sampling for a simple survey on community support for disadvantaged groups during Covid-19. Could you please give me some advice?

For the lower-income people in HK communities who are facing severe unemployment problems during the epidemic, it seems impossible to conduct a random sampling for a simple survey on community sup ...

20th December, 2021
Do you think that community development might develop a special function when facing the challenges towards disadvantaged groups during the epidemic?

Do you think that community development might develop a special function when facing the challenges towards disadvantaged groups during the epidemic?

17th December, 2021
May I ask the challenges brought by Covid-19 towards community development in HK?

May I ask the challenges brought by Covid-19 towards community development in HK?

17th December, 2021
Hi, Dr. Mel. Thanks for your previous explanation about the concept of community in Hong Kong. As the communication of social services between mainland China and Hong Kong is closer, would you please further explain the basic difference between community concepts in mainland China and HK?

Hi, Dr. Mel. Thanks for your previous explanation about the concept of community in Hong Kong. As the communication of social services between mainland China and Hong Kong is closer, would you ple ...

17th December, 2021
Hi, Dr. MEL, may I ask about the nature of the community? I wonder which one is more important for the community, its culture recognition or territorial division?

Hi, Dr. MEL, may I ask about the nature of the community? I wonder which one is more important for the community, its culture recognition or territorial division?

17th December, 2021
Following my previous post, I have searched for some secondary data and found out that community-dwelling adults generally live longer than those in institutions. That’s very interesting. I want to ask, then, can I say that for the benefit of older adults, living in a community is better than living in institutions?

Following my previous post, I have searched for some secondary data and found out that community-dwelling adults generally live longer than those in institutions. That’s very interesting. I want t ...

17th December, 2021
Hello. I want to compare the longevity of community-dwelling adults and those in long-term care institutions. But it is too overwhelming for me to get first-hand data through my survey. Could you please kindly give me some advice?

Hello. I want to compare the longevity of community-dwelling adults and those in long-term care institutions. But it is too overwhelming for me to get first-hand data through my survey. Could you ...

17th December, 2021
Hi, regarding my previous question, I also wonder if you could please kindly give me an example of bivariate analysis in community development?

Hi, regarding my previous question, I also wonder if you could please kindly give me an example of bivariate analysis in community development?

16th December, 2021
Hi, friend! I have collected information about the number of using community welfare services. Is it a univariate analysis or bivariate analysis?

Hi, friend! I have collected information about the number of using community welfare services. Is it a univariate analysis or bivariate analysis?

16th December, 2021
Following my previous post, according to the existing literature, besides social support, many other factors would influence community mental health, such as age, gender, and education level. Shall we set them all as independent variables?

Following my previous post, according to the existing literature, besides social support, many other factors would influence community mental health, such as age, gender, and education level. Shal ...

16th December, 2021
Hello. Community mental health services for severe mental illness is of particular significance under pandemic. However, Hong Kong’s social distancing restrictions might strongly weaken individuals’ social support ties. If we investigate the influence of social support on mental health, is social support an independent variable?

Hello. Community mental health services for severe mental illness is of particular significance under pandemic. However, Hong Kong's social distancing restrictions might strongly weaken individual ...

16th December, 2021
Hi friend. When our team tried to collect data, we found that, generally, residents in squatter areas have low education levels. Hence, it was difficult for them to fill in the questionnaire independently. I wonder if we could read out the questions, get the answers from them, and fill in the questionnaire on our behalf?

Hi friend. When our team tried to collect data, we found that, generally, residents in squatter areas have low education levels. Hence, it was difficult for them to fill in the questionnaire indep ...

16th December, 2021
People living in squatter area is often being ignored in welfare services. Therefore, our center is mobilizing volunteers to serve residents in the squatter area to enhance community care. When training the volunteer, could you please kindly give me a clue about the ethical rules in this context?

People living in squatter area is often being ignored in welfare services. Therefore, our center is mobilizing volunteers to serve residents in the squatter area to enhance community care. When tr ...

16th December, 2021
Hi, friend! It is time-consuming and costs high to do home visits to all households in the community. If we randomly select a few blocks in the estate, and in each block, randomly select a few households. What kind of sampling method is it?

Hi, friend! It is time-consuming and costs high to do home visits to all households in the community. If we randomly select a few blocks in the estate, and in each block, randomly select a few hou ...

16th December, 2021
Hello. You know, home visits are important ways to approach target groups in community development. Suppose we visit all residents in the community, is it a kind of sampling?

Hello. You know, home visits are important ways to approach target groups in community development. Suppose we visit all residents in the community, is it a kind of sampling?

16th December, 2021
I saw the previous OCOP discussions about need theories. It is very impressive! I further want to ask a question about it, too. In community development, the Neighborhood Level Community Development Project (NLCDP) usually pays attention to the insufficiency of welfare services in certain communities. So, is it a kind of comparative need?

I saw the previous OCOP discussions about need theories. It is very impressive! I further want to ask a question about it, too. In community development, the Neighborhood Level Community Developme ...

16th December, 2021
Following my previous question, suppose a group of experts, health professionals, and policymakers have set the standard of service provision in the community, those who are below the standard will be considered having service needs. Which category does this need belong to?

Following my previous question, suppose a group of experts, health professionals, and policymakers have set the standard of service provision in the community, those who are below the standard wil ...

16th December, 2021
Given the importance of need assessment in community development, I hope to know more about needs theories. Could anyone elaborate on the typology of social needs for me?

Given the importance of need assessment in community development, I hope to know more about needs theories. Could anyone elaborate on the typology of social needs for me?

16th December, 2021
After reading lots of evaluation reports, I realize that community infrastructure plays a role in residents’ health. So I am wondering, shall I also include community infrastructure in the need assessment?

After reading lots of evaluation reports, I realize that community infrastructure plays a role in residents’ health. So I am wondering, shall I also include community infrastructure in the need as ...

16th December, 2021
Following my previous post, I think community-wide need assessment might be resource-intensive. It could be too difficult to conduct for a social worker alone. May I know your opinion?

Following my previous post, I think community-wide need assessment might be resource-intensive. It could be too difficult to conduct for a social worker alone. May I know your opinion?

16th December, 2021
Hi, I am very interested in using the results of need assessments to designing projects. Yet, I am not sure about how it is related to community service. So, could you please kindly tell me why need assessments are important in community development?

Hi, I am very interested in using the results of need assessments to designing projects. Yet, I am not sure about how it is related to community service. So, could you please kindly tell me why ne ...

16th December, 2021
Hi, friend. When I am measuring community services with quantitative methods, does it mean that we shall try to use interval and ration level measures?

Hi, friend. When I am measuring community services with quantitative methods, does it mean that we shall try to use interval and ration level measures?

16th December, 2021
I hope to see how many welfare services the residents in the public estate have received. Therefore, in the questionnaire, I have set the options as “none,” “a little,” and “a lot.” Is it a kind of ordinal level of measurement?

I hope to see how many welfare services the residents in the public estate have received. Therefore, in the questionnaire, I have set the options as “none,” “a little,” and “a lot.” Is it a kind o ...

16th December, 2021
Following my previous question, can I give options such as public and private housing when I try to measure housing type among community-dwelling people?

Following my previous question, can I give options such as public and private housing when I try to measure housing type among community-dwelling people?

15th December, 2021
When conducting community development services, we often need to investigate the housing types of residents. May I ask what kind of measurement it is, nominal or ordinal?

When conducting community development services, we often need to investigate the housing types of residents. May I ask what kind of measurement it is, nominal or ordinal?

15th December, 2021
Hi, there. Sometimes we need to conduct focus groups to collect views from residents and other stakeholders. May I ask the usual size of a focus group?

Hi, there. Sometimes we need to conduct focus groups to collect views from residents and other stakeholders. May I ask the usual size of a focus group?

15th December, 2021
Our center provides services to enhance communication between the government and residents. When we try to record the opinion of residents during a project, what kind of data is it?

Our center provides services to enhance communication between the government and residents. When we try to record the opinion of residents during a project, what kind of data is it?

15th December, 2021
If I plan to add qualitative methods into my program evaluation on a community project and I further hope to use triangulation to increase the credibility, do you get any practical suggestions for my specific methods?

If I plan to add qualitative methods into my program evaluation on a community project and I further hope to use triangulation to increase the credibility, do you get any practical suggestions for ...

15th December, 2021
Hi, I am very interested in the Neighborhood Level Community Development Project (NLCDP). Could anyone give me a clue about what the role it plays?

Hi, I am very interested in the Neighborhood Level Community Development Project (NLCDP). Could anyone give me a clue about what the role it plays?

15th December, 2021
Hello. When we are trying to explore the deep meaning of some community heritages, in a historical or cultural approach, which theoretical perspective is more appropriate? Positivism or interpretivism?

Hello. When we are trying to explore the deep meaning of some community heritages, in a historical or cultural approach, which theoretical perspective is more appropriate? Positivism or interpreti ...

13th December, 2021
Hi there! When I am reading journal papers, I often see the term “large-scale.” May I ask how we could determine whether an evaluation belongs to the “large” or “small” scale in a community program?

Hi there! When I am reading journal papers, I often see the term “large-scale.” May I ask how we could determine whether an evaluation belongs to the “large” or “small” scale in a community progra ...

13th December, 2021
Following the previous post, so, compared to external evaluators, an internal evaluator could be an employee of the community center being evaluated. Am I right?

Following the previous post, so, compared to external evaluators, an internal evaluator could be an employee of the community center being evaluated. Am I right?

13th December, 2021
Hi friend. May I ask what an external evaluator means in community development services? I am not sure who could be called an “external evaluator”.

Hi friend. May I ask what an external evaluator means in community development services? I am not sure who could be called an “external evaluator”.

13th December, 2021
Based on the results of our previous evaluation, we discovered that increased resilience would lead to increased wellness among community workers in our center. Can we generalize this finding to all social workers in Hong Kong?

Based on the results of our previous evaluation, we discovered that increased resilience would lead to increased wellness among community workers in our center. Can we generalize this finding to a ...

13th December, 2021
Promoting community staff’s resilience is imperative in community work. We have initiated a daily self-surveillance of pandemic-related stress through a mobile application for three months. Could you please kindly give me a clue about what kind of data we are collecting, is it cross-sectional or longitudinal?

Promoting community staff’s resilience is imperative in community work. We have initiated a daily self-surveillance of pandemic-related stress through a mobile application for three months. Could ...

13th December, 2021
Many thanks for your previous explanation! Since it is impossible for us to use randomization methods in our program evaluation on community canteen services, we will use a quasi-experimental design instead. May I know the points to note in quasi-experimental designs?

Many thanks for your previous explanation! Since it is impossible for us to use randomization methods in our program evaluation on community canteen services, we will use a quasi-experimental desi ...

13th December, 2021
The community canteen services can improve older adults’ satisfaction with life and diet, and mental health status and enrich their social capital, but this still needs to be future evidenced. To examine the influence of canteen services on participants’ mental health, we plan to conduct a survey. Specifically, we will distribute questionnaires to all canteen beneficiaries and some others who never use such a service. In this way, those who do not receive canteen service can be a control group. So, is this an experimental design?

The community canteen services can improve older adults’ satisfaction with life and diet, and mental health status and enrich their social capital, but this still needs to be future evidenced. To ...

13th December, 2021
Following my previous post, for community education of pandemic information, can we use posts on the notice board?

Following my previous post, for community education of pandemic information, can we use posts on the notice board?

13th December, 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major effect on our lives. Many of us are facing challenges that can be stressful, overwhelming, and cause strong emotions in our community. May I ask what kind of community services can do during the pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major effect on our lives. Many of us are facing challenges that can be stressful, overwhelming, and cause strong emotions in our community. May I ask what kind of ...

13th December, 2021
Hi. I got a problem with data analysis. That is, I want to check the correlation between “pet-friendly” and community cohesion. If so, what kind of statistical analysis could I perform?

Hi. I got a problem with data analysis. That is, I want to check the correlation between “pet-friendly” and community cohesion. If so, what kind of statistical analysis could I perform?

11th December, 2021
As pet-keeping becomes increasingly popular, creating a “pet-friendly” community is important. Suppose our center is going to have a survey about residents’ attitudes towards pet access to open public space. I wonder which surveying method might be more appropriate, mail survey or telephone survey?

As pet-keeping becomes increasingly popular, creating a “pet-friendly” community is important. Suppose our center is going to have a survey about residents’ attitudes towards pet access to open pu ...

11th December, 2021
Hello. Could anyone kindly give me some suggestions? It is about my survey of community infrastructure and residents’ health. To determine its sample size, what information shall I acquire first?

Hello. Could anyone kindly give me some suggestions? It is about my survey of community infrastructure and residents’ health. To determine its sample size, what information shall I acquire first?< ...

11th December, 2021
Following my previous question, I wonder if the results have rejected the true null hypothesis, what kind of error it could be?

Following my previous question, I wonder if the results have rejected the true null hypothesis, what kind of error it could be?

11th December, 2021
If I am going to test the relationship between the infrastructure and residents’ health in the community, may I ask how to set the null hypothesis?

If I am going to test the relationship between the infrastructure and residents’ health in the community, may I ask how to set the null hypothesis?

11th December, 2021
Hmm, as blockchain technology requires high quality of Internet access, I wonder whether it will further widen the digital divide between the rich and poor in the community?

Hmm, as blockchain technology requires high quality of Internet access, I wonder whether it will further widen the digital divide between the rich and poor in the community?

11th December, 2021
Hi, I wonder, is blockchain technology a company or an app? What is the nature of it?

Hi, I wonder, is blockchain technology a company or an app? What is the nature of it?

10th December, 2021
Following my prior post, can blockchain technology protect the privacy of community dwellers if they give feedback online?

Following my prior post, can blockchain technology protect the privacy of community dwellers if they give feedback online?

10th December, 2021
I hear blockchain technology nowadays is applicable in social sectors. May I ask what its function may include in community development? Could you please give an example?

I hear blockchain technology nowadays is applicable in social sectors. May I ask what its function may include in community development? Could you please give an example?

10th December, 2021
Hello. I wonder if I could assess the social inequality by asking the respondents, “do you think the society is equal?” It is very simple and operational.

Hello. I wonder if I could assess the social inequality by asking the respondents, “do you think the society is equal?” It is very simple and operational.

10th December, 2021
Hello. We have met a problem in our household survey. It is about social inequality, and we have interviewed both parents and children. But we found that there are different responses to the same questions from parents and children. I wonder what went wrong.

Hello. We have met a problem in our household survey. It is about social inequality, and we have interviewed both parents and children. But we found that there are different responses to the same ...

10th December, 2021
Following the previous post, we hope to minimize such social desirability bias in our future evaluation. I wonder if anyone could give us some suggestions?

Following the previous post, we hope to minimize such social desirability bias in our future evaluation. I wonder if anyone could give us some suggestions?

10th December, 2021
Hello, friend! In our survey about energy saving in the community, we asked residents about whether they waste water in daily use. Surprisingly, many of them have responded “never”… It is unbelievable. Could anyone please tell us why?

Hello, friend! In our survey about energy saving in the community, we asked residents about whether they waste water in daily use. Surprisingly, many of them have responded “never”… It is unbeliev ...

10th December, 2021
Following my previous question, I wonder, for community dwellers, what kind of incentives might be useful?

Following my previous question, I wonder, for community dwellers, what kind of incentives might be useful?

10th December, 2021
We’ve all heard that pets are surrendered or discarded every day around the globe. Hong Kong has seen a massive rise in pet ownership. According to a 2017 report by the Veterinary Surgeons Board of Hong Kong, pet ownership surged by 72 percent from 297,100 dogs and cats in 2005-06 to 510,600 in 2015-16. Hence, our team hopes to initiate a pilot pet adoption project and build a pet-friendly community. And we would send questionnaires to residents through the mail. May I ask ways to improve the response rate?

We’ve all heard that pets are surrendered or discarded every day around the globe. Hong Kong has seen a massive rise in pet ownership. According to a 2017 report by the Veterinary Surgeons Board o ...

10th December, 2021
Hello! I have collected data about social inclusion in the community. How can I test the reliability of the scale?

Hello! I have collected data about social inclusion in the community. How can I test the reliability of the scale?

10th December, 2021
Hi, when searching for scales of community development on the MEL website, I often see the term “reliability”. Could anyone please kindly explain its meaning to me?

Hi, when searching for scales of community development on the MEL website, I often see the term “reliability”. Could anyone please kindly explain its meaning to me?

10th December, 2021
Hello. Would you recommend a social inclusion scale for me? It would be great if it has been validated in Hong Kong context.

Hello. Would you recommend a social inclusion scale for me? It would be great if it has been validated in Hong Kong context.

10th December, 2021
In the topic of community development, it is clear that social inclusion is very important as being socially included means that somethings are present in people’s lives, such as being accepted (for who they are) within their communities, actively participating in the community. Therefore, I wonder, in the Hong Kong context, what kinds of groups might be the recipients of social inclusion services?

In the topic of community development, it is clear that social inclusion is very important as being socially included means that somethings are present in people’s lives, such as being accepted (f ...

10th December, 2021
Hello, friend. I wonder if anyone could tell me whether we should always control the gender variable in analyzing community issues?

Hello, friend. I wonder if anyone could tell me whether we should always control the gender variable in analyzing community issues?

10th December, 2021
Hello~ After a search for more information about social determinants of health, I realize that individuals’ well-being is truly affected by the social context. Therefore, I hope to do a small survey on it. And I wonder when I try to assess social determinants of health, what variables can I consider as the potential predictors?

Hello~ After a search for more information about social determinants of health, I realize that individuals’ well-being is truly affected by the social context. Therefore, I hope to do a small surv ...

10th December, 2021
Following my previous post, if I am planning a community need assessment, I am curious about what I should focus on during the whole process?

Following my previous post, if I am planning a community need assessment, I am curious about what I should focus on during the whole process?

10th December, 2021
Hello. I wonder if anyone could kindly give me a clue about what the purpose of need assessment is in community development?

Hello. I wonder if anyone could kindly give me a clue about what the purpose of need assessment is in community development?

9th December, 2021
Hi. I have viewed some OCOP posts and they mentioned the “expressed need” and “felt need”. I am so confused about these two concepts and wonder if anyone could kindly elaborate on the difference for me?

Hi. I have viewed some OCOP posts and they mentioned the “expressed need” and “felt need”. I am so confused about these two concepts and wonder if anyone could kindly elaborate on the difference f ...

9th December, 2021
Hello! I noticed that many residents in our community have posted their shortage of masks on social media platforms. Is it an expressed need?

Hello! I noticed that many residents in our community have posted their shortage of masks on social media platforms. Is it an expressed need?

9th December, 2021
Hi! One more question about the needs category! According to the need theory, I wonder if the waiting list of public housing is a kind of expressed need?

Hi! One more question about the needs category! According to the need theory, I wonder if the waiting list of public housing is a kind of expressed need?

9th December, 2021
Hello! The professionals in our agency have helped set the standard of food distribution amount for low-income families. In such a case, may I ask what category such needs belong to?

Hello! The professionals in our agency have helped set the standard of food distribution amount for low-income families. In such a case, may I ask what category such needs belong to?

8th December, 2021
Many workers in the food and beverage sector have been asked to take leave without pay by their employers. Our center has launched a food support project for 400 low-income families. But some other no-pay workers do not receive such services; what kind of need is it according to need theory?

Many workers in the food and beverage sector have been asked to take leave without pay by their employers. Our center has launched a food support project for 400 low-income families. But some othe ...

8th December, 2021
Hi~ Following my previous question, I hope to know more about the process data in program evaluation. I wonder if you could please kindly tell me more about its function, for example in our community employment project?

Hi~ Following my previous question, I hope to know more about the process data in program evaluation. I wonder if you could please kindly tell me more about its function, for example in our commun ...

8th December, 2021
Hello. We realized that grassroots families may have a higher risk of unemployment in the economic downturn. Thus, our NGO has been working with residents to provide employment opportunities. And according to our survey on participants’ job satisfaction, it showed very high scores. May I ask what kind of data it is?

Hello. We realized that grassroots families may have a higher risk of unemployment in the economic downturn. Thus, our NGO has been working with residents to provide employment opportunities. And ...

8th December, 2021
I have viewed some OCOP discussions about self-help practices in the community. such activities could indeed contribute to improve the hygiene conditions and help build up a sense of community belonging. But it is not easy to observe the sense of belonging. Would you please tell me what type of variable it is?

I have viewed some OCOP discussions about self-help practices in the community. such activities could indeed contribute to improve the hygiene conditions and help build up a sense of community bel ...

8th December, 2021
Hygiene issues are critical for people living in subdivided flats. Our center has initiated a community project to organize residents to carry out cleaning activities. I wonder what kind of self-help practices you would recommend?

Hygiene issues are critical for people living in subdivided flats. Our center has initiated a community project to organize residents to carry out cleaning activities. I wonder what kind of self-h ...

8th December, 2021
The overall consensus is that the pandemic has widened the gulf between vulnerable groups and other populations in Hong Kong rather than helping to level out inequalities in society, and vulnerable groups were left behind in pandemic response… Could you kindly please recommend some ways to protect the poor through a community development approach?

The overall consensus is that the pandemic has widened the gulf between vulnerable groups and other populations in Hong Kong rather than helping to level out inequalities in society, and vulnerabl ...

8th December, 2021
Hello. May I ask what “advocacy work” means in community development?

Hello. May I ask what “advocacy work” means in community development?

8th December, 2021
Hi. I am working on the analysis on correlates of poverty transitions. Which statistical strategy should I use?

Hi. I am working on the analysis on correlates of poverty transitions. Which statistical strategy should I use?

8th December, 2021
Following the previous post, do you think collecting information through a questionnaire is a good choice for my program evaluation?

Following the previous post, do you think collecting information through a questionnaire is a good choice for my program evaluation?

8th December, 2021
I am planning to survey social security among older people in Hong Kong. Do you think I can conduct this survey by mail?

I am planning to survey social security among older people in Hong Kong. Do you think I can conduct this survey by mail?

8th December, 2021
Hi. I am a social worker in a poverty alleviation program. And I plan to evaluate and promote this program. Whom could I collect data from?

Hi. I am a social worker in a poverty alleviation program. And I plan to evaluate and promote this program. Whom could I collect data from?

8th December, 2021
Hi friend. I wonder if there are any secondary databases that we can adopt in our poverty studies?

Hi friend. I wonder if there are any secondary databases that we can adopt in our poverty studies?

8th December, 2021
Hi. Are there any scales of resilience that have been validated in Hong Kong context?

Hi. Are there any scales of resilience that have been validated in Hong Kong context?

8th December, 2021
Hi, friend! I want to learn more about program evaluation and impact assessment especially the questionnaire design. Where can I get related materials and resources?

Hi, friend! I want to learn more about program evaluation and impact assessment especially the questionnaire design. Where can I get related materials and resources?

8th December, 2021
Hi, I just wonder whether I can use a self-designed assessment in my program evaluation?

Hi, I just wonder whether I can use a self-designed assessment in my program evaluation?

7th December, 2021
Following my previous post, could you give me a brief introduction of Community Housing Movement?

Following my previous post, could you give me a brief introduction of Community Housing Movement?

6th December, 2021
Hi, I want to get the outline of the poverty situation these years, would you mind telling me where I can find such resources?

Hi, I want to get the outline of the poverty situation these years, would you mind telling me where I can find such resources?

6th December, 2021
Hi, following my previous post, I wonder could anyone further give me a clue about what the strengths of the deprivation approach are in poverty studies?

Hi, following my previous post, I wonder could anyone further give me a clue about what the strengths of the deprivation approach are in poverty studies?

6th December, 2021
Hi, how should we understand the deprivation approach which is closely related to the evaluation of poverty?

Hi, how should we understand the deprivation approach which is closely related to the evaluation of poverty?

6th December, 2021
Hi, I wonder whether it is acceptable if I only use relative income as the measure of poverty?

Hi, I wonder whether it is acceptable if I only use relative income as the measure of poverty?

6th December, 2021
Hi, I plan to survey different dimensions of poverty. Is there any measurement of multi-dimensional poverty?

Hi, I plan to survey different dimensions of poverty. Is there any measurement of multi-dimensional poverty?

6th December, 2021
Following the previous post, I also want to know that which software is adequate for SEM analysis.

Following the previous post, I also want to know that which software is adequate for SEM analysis.

6th December, 2021
Hi. I hope to conduct an analysis that will involve the latent variables. Can you recommend a statistical strategy?

Hi. I hope to conduct an analysis that will involve the latent variables. Can you recommend a statistical strategy?

6th December, 2021
Hi. I wonder if anyone knows there are any scales for measuring poverty. I believe it is helpful to my evaluation.

Hi. I wonder if anyone knows there are any scales for measuring poverty. I believe it is helpful to my evaluation.

6th December, 2021
I am very interested in process evaluation. And I appreciate it if anyone can provide me with some references about how to conduct a process evaluation!

I am very interested in process evaluation. And I appreciate it if anyone can provide me with some references about how to conduct a process evaluation!

6th December, 2021
Hi, friend! I wonder if anyone could help me with a question. I am looking for the answer about what the standard process of evaluation is.

Hi, friend! I wonder if anyone could help me with a question. I am looking for the answer about what the standard process of evaluation is.

6th December, 2021
Following my previous post, then I wonder how I could measure the subjective poverty? Would you mind giving me some references?

Following my previous post, then I wonder how I could measure the subjective poverty? Would you mind giving me some references?

6th December, 2021
Hi. I wonder how I could understand the subjective poverty, and I am not sure whether it is essential if I plan to measure the poverty in my program evaluation?

Hi. I wonder how I could understand the subjective poverty, and I am not sure whether it is essential if I plan to measure the poverty in my program evaluation?

6th December, 2021
Following my previous post, I plan to discuss the relationship between poverty and mental health among older people, so I should choose the quantitative method, right?

Following my previous post, I plan to discuss the relationship between poverty and mental health among older people, so I should choose the quantitative method, right?

6th December, 2021
Following the previous post, I am still confused about these two methods. Could you please introduce the qualitative method more?

Following the previous post, I am still confused about these two methods. Could you please introduce the qualitative method more?

6th December, 2021
Hi. I plan to explore the issues concerning poverty among older people. Could anyone give a clue about which research method may be better for evaluation: qualitative, or quantitative method?

Hi. I plan to explore the issues concerning poverty among older people. Could anyone give a clue about which research method may be better for evaluation: qualitative, or quantitative method?

6th December, 2021
As children are one of the most vulnerable groups which would be affected by poor conditions of living, I suppose that scholars might have already pay attention to child poverty in Hong Kong. However, how can I get these resources?

As children are one of the most vulnerable groups which would be affected by poor conditions of living, I suppose that scholars might have already pay attention to child poverty in Hong Kong. Howe ...

6th December, 2021
Hi. I just wonder how NGOs could become pre-qualified operators to involve in the Community Housing Movement.

Hi. I just wonder how NGOs could become pre-qualified operators to involve in the Community Housing Movement.

6th December, 2021
Following the previous post, is there any theoretical framework related to co-living? It might give us theoretical guidance.

Following the previous post, is there any theoretical framework related to co-living? It might give us theoretical guidance.

6th December, 2021
How could I understand the idea of cohousing mentioned in the Community Housing Movement?

How could I understand the idea of cohousing mentioned in the Community Housing Movement?

6th December, 2021
Following the previous post, could you please tell me the objective of the movement? I am still confused about its target group.

Following the previous post, could you please tell me the objective of the movement? I am still confused about its target group.

6th December, 2021
Living in unaffordable and undesirable conditions might cause people to be more pessimistic and isolated. I wonder whether there are any supporting policies for dealing with this problem in Hong Kong?

Living in unaffordable and undesirable conditions might cause people to be more pessimistic and isolated. I wonder whether there are any supporting policies for dealing with this problem in Hong K ...

6th December, 2021
I get a question about how to conduct a correlation analysis. Would you mind recommending some software for doing the analysis?

I get a question about how to conduct a correlation analysis. Would you mind recommending some software for doing the analysis?

6th December, 2021
Is there anyone who can help me clarify the term ‘subjective poverty’? I am so confused!

Is there anyone who can help me clarify the term ‘subjective poverty’? I am so confused!

6th December, 2021
Hi. We want to assess the project concerning children protection, and would you mind recommending some related scales to us?

Hi. We want to assess the project concerning children protection, and would you mind recommending some related scales to us?

6th December, 2021
I wonder if anyone could give me a clue about where I can find a scale for measuring self-esteem? I want to use it in my evaluation.

I wonder if anyone could give me a clue about where I can find a scale for measuring self-esteem? I want to use it in my evaluation.

6th December, 2021
Hi friend! I understand that face-to-face is a recommended way of data collection by lots of evaluators, but it is time-consuming and limited in COVID-19. I just wonder if I could survey by phone instead?

Hi friend! I understand that face-to-face is a recommended way of data collection by lots of evaluators, but it is time-consuming and limited in COVID-19. I just wonder if I could survey by phone ...

3rd December, 2021
Older adults may find it difficult to complete questionnaires independently. Shall I train some volunteers to interview the participants, instead?

Older adults may find it difficult to complete questionnaires independently. Shall I train some volunteers to interview the participants, instead?

3rd December, 2021
Bad news… I realized some of my data in the elderly health questionnaire are incomplete. Shall I delete all of them?

Bad news… I realized some of my data in the elderly health questionnaire are incomplete. Shall I delete all of them?

3rd December, 2021
Hi! Great news! I have used clustered random sampling among the elder population and interviewed them with a paper and pencil questionnaire. Can I use Excel to enter the raw data?

Hi! Great news! I have used clustered random sampling among the elder population and interviewed them with a paper and pencil questionnaire. Can I use Excel to enter the raw data?

3rd December, 2021
May I use an online survey as a method to collect data for the young-old who recently retired from work?

May I use an online survey as a method to collect data for the young-old who recently retired from work?

3rd December, 2021
Following the previous post, I wonder if the measure you shared with me is what we call a Likert scale?

Following the previous post, I wonder if the measure you shared with me is what we call a Likert scale?

3rd December, 2021
I understand that social contact is an important aspect of older adults’ well-being, especially at the social level. However, I hope to know how can I measure the social contact of the living-alone elderly, considering their specific situation?

I understand that social contact is an important aspect of older adults’ well-being, especially at the social level. However, I hope to know how can I measure the social contact of the living-alon ...

3rd December, 2021
I wonder if the term “productive involvement” of the elderly only means being in employment? In the Chinese context.

I wonder if the term "productive involvement" of the elderly only means being in employment? In the Chinese context.

3rd December, 2021
May I ask, when collecting background information of older adults in our community, what demographic information is generally needed for an evaluation report?

May I ask, when collecting background information of older adults in our community, what demographic information is generally needed for an evaluation report?

3rd December, 2021
Following my previous post, could you please elaborate more on the multi-dimension of successful aging?

Following my previous post, could you please elaborate more on the multi-dimension of successful aging?

3rd December, 2021
Hi. Could anyone kindly give me a clue about the definition of “successful aging”?

Hi. Could anyone kindly give me a clue about the definition of “successful aging”?

2nd December, 2021
Shall I report older adults’ years of education in the program report?

Shall I report older adults’ years of education in the program report?

2nd December, 2021
I am designing a questionnaire for community-dwelling older adults. The education variable is set as category, which includes primary, junior, high school, and university. How do you think?

I am designing a questionnaire for community-dwelling older adults. The education variable is set as category, which includes primary, junior, high school, and university. How do you think?

2nd December, 2021
Following my previous question, when recoding the variable of age in my dataset, should I then use numbers 60-69 as young-old and 70-79 as old-old?

Following my previous question, when recoding the variable of age in my dataset, should I then use numbers 60-69 as young-old and 70-79 as old-old?

2nd December, 2021
May I ask about the age range of the young-old and old-old?

May I ask about the age range of the young-old and old-old?

30th November, 2021
Hi, there! I noticed that different social networks may have different health implications for the elderly! May I know is there a theory that describes this phenomenon?

Hi, there! I noticed that different social networks may have different health implications for the elderly! May I know is there a theory that describes this phenomenon?

30th November, 2021
We are launching a cooking group targeting the living-alone elderly in the community. After searching for relevant theories, I could not find a satisfactory one to guide me design my program evaluation. Could you please help me?

We are launching a cooking group targeting the living-alone elderly in the community. After searching for relevant theories, I could not find a satisfactory one to guide me design my program evalu ...

30th November, 2021
The existing literature indicates singing opera is good for improving the elderly’s cognitive function. But I measured the pre-test and post-test cognitive scores and found no significant difference. Could you please explain a bit for me?

The existing literature indicates singing opera is good for improving the elderly’s cognitive function. But I measured the pre-test and post-test cognitive scores and found no significant differen ...

30th November, 2021
I am a fresh program worker at a community center. I hope to organize some Chinese Opera Appreciation groups for older adults in our community. Could you give me a hand on how to promote such an event?

I am a fresh program worker at a community center. I hope to organize some Chinese Opera Appreciation groups for older adults in our community. Could you give me a hand on how to promote such an e ...

30th November, 2021
Following my prior post, may I further ask about the conditions for causal inferences? Could you please kindly give me a clue, take an example of late-life depression and sleep disturbance.

Following my prior post, may I further ask about the conditions for causal inferences? Could you please kindly give me a clue, take an example of late-life depression and sleep disturbance.

30th November, 2021
According to my program evaluation on the service for elderly with depressive symptoms, I surprisedly found that many respondents also have sleep problems. Thus, in my evaluation report, can I say that depression may cause sleep problems?

According to my program evaluation on the service for elderly with depressive symptoms, I surprisedly found that many respondents also have sleep problems. Thus, in my evaluation report, can I say ...

30th November, 2021
Hello friend. Can we use the Kingston Caregiver Stress Scale (KCSS) to measure the stress level of institutional care staff for the elderly?

Hello friend. Can we use the Kingston Caregiver Stress Scale (KCSS) to measure the stress level of institutional care staff for the elderly?

30th November, 2021
I wonder, for lay family caregivers of elderly persons, which scale might be more suitable?

I wonder, for lay family caregivers of elderly persons, which scale might be more suitable?

30th November, 2021
Hi, there are too many items in the original Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. We think it may be unfriendly to the respondents as many caregivers are older adults themselves. May I ask your advice about it?

Hi, there are too many items in the original Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. We think it may be unfriendly to the respondents as many caregivers are older adults themselves. May I ask your advice ab ...

30th November, 2021
Caring for elderly persons with dementia could be extremely stressful. We are considering devising a caregivers’ care program. Before the formal service, we want to find a scale to measure caregivers’ stress levels. Do you have any recommendations, please?

Caring for elderly persons with dementia could be extremely stressful. We are considering devising a caregivers’ care program. Before the formal service, we want to find a scale to measure caregiv ...

30th November, 2021
I wonder if there are any specific ethical rules when providing services for the elderly with hearing loss?

I wonder if there are any specific ethical rules when providing services for the elderly with hearing loss?

30th November, 2021
For a group of old-old persons in our community, we want to provide some auditory training programs for them to tackle hearing loss. But some of them have already suffered from severe hearing impairment and cannot clearly understand program workers’ words. Do you have any suggestions for our service, please?

For a group of old-old persons in our community, we want to provide some auditory training programs for them to tackle hearing loss. But some of them have already suffered from severe hearing impa ...

30th November, 2021
We are trying a non-pharmacological treatment to improve the elderly’s sleep quality and hope to trace their changes over a year. We respect participants’ privacy and do not want to record their names into the system, is there a way to mark the participants without recording their names?

We are trying a non-pharmacological treatment to improve the elderly’s sleep quality and hope to trace their changes over a year. We respect participants’ privacy and do not want to record their n ...

30th November, 2021
One of my elderly clients told me, taking hypnotic drugs helps her sleep well. Shall I encourage her to continue using hypnotics?

One of my elderly clients told me, taking hypnotic drugs helps her sleep well. Shall I encourage her to continue using hypnotics?

30th November, 2021
Suppose I have a control group of elderly who won’t receive any intervention during the project. Can they receive the services of sleep intervention after the research period ends?

Suppose I have a control group of elderly who won’t receive any intervention during the project. Can they receive the services of sleep intervention after the research period ends?

30th November, 2021
I have read some discussions about using the pre-experimental study for the elderly sleep intervention. May I ask the reason that it is called pre-experimental instead of calling it experimental design?

I have read some discussions about using the pre-experimental study for the elderly sleep intervention. May I ask the reason that it is called pre-experimental instead of calling it experimental d ...

30th November, 2021
Following my previous post, may I ask the term that describes collecting data multiple times at the elderly sleep intervention?

Following my previous post, may I ask the term that describes collecting data multiple times at the elderly sleep intervention?

30th November, 2021
Sleep disturbance is one of the major issues concerning the health of older adults. Our center hopes to help elderly persons in the community with a novel sleep intervention and monitor its effects during the whole process of intervention. If so, could we collect data at different time points?

Sleep disturbance is one of the major issues concerning the health of older adults. Our center hopes to help elderly persons in the community with a novel sleep intervention and monitor its effect ...

30th November, 2021
In the Thematic Household Survey Report No.72, I found the percentages of employing domestic helpers and having elderly at households in Hong Kong. Then, can I use the chi-square test to see whether the correlation between these two factors is statistically significant or not?

In the Thematic Household Survey Report No.72, I found the percentages of employing domestic helpers and having elderly at households in Hong Kong. Then, can I use the chi-square test to see wheth ...

30th November, 2021
I hope to explore more about a broad picture of the elderly cared for by foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong. Could you please kindly recommend some useful sources for me?

I hope to explore more about a broad picture of the elderly cared for by foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong. Could you please kindly recommend some useful sources for me?

30th November, 2021
Hi, could anyone give me a clue about the function of setting up a pilot scheme on elderly services?

Hi, could anyone give me a clue about the function of setting up a pilot scheme on elderly services?

30th November, 2021
When I am visiting the Social Welfare Department website, I find a project named Pilot Scheme on Training for Foreign Domestic Helpers in Elderly Care. May I ask about what the definition of a pilot scheme is?

When I am visiting the Social Welfare Department website, I find a project named Pilot Scheme on Training for Foreign Domestic Helpers in Elderly Care. May I ask about what the definition of a pil ...

29th November, 2021
I am searching for a valid scale for measuring the physical health of persons with dementia. Could anyone kindly give me any suggestions?

I am searching for a valid scale for measuring the physical health of persons with dementia. Could anyone kindly give me any suggestions?

29th November, 2021
Hello. When designing a workshop for supporting spousal caregivers of persons with dementia, we failed to find relevant theoretical models. May I seek your help with that?

Hello. When designing a workshop for supporting spousal caregivers of persons with dementia, we failed to find relevant theoretical models. May I seek your help with that?

29th November, 2021
I have little knowledge regarding how to promote the well-being of older adults. Could anyone kindly give me some guidelines for it? Especially about the existing theories.

I have little knowledge regarding how to promote the well-being of older adults. Could anyone kindly give me some guidelines for it? Especially about the existing theories.

29th November, 2021
Hello. Could anyone please help me with the conceptualization of retirement adjustment? I wonder what the common theories or theoretical perspectives are for understanding it?

Hello. Could anyone please help me with the conceptualization of retirement adjustment? I wonder what the common theories or theoretical perspectives are for understanding it?

29th November, 2021
Following my previous post, in my program evaluation, shall I put all important variables into the questionnaire for better predicting retirement adjustment?

Following my previous post, in my program evaluation, shall I put all important variables into the questionnaire for better predicting retirement adjustment?

29th November, 2021
Based on existing evidence, retirement adjustment has critical health implications for older adults. May I ask what the significant predictors are in studying retirement adjustment?

Based on existing evidence, retirement adjustment has critical health implications for older adults. May I ask what the significant predictors are in studying retirement adjustment?

27th November, 2021
Someone told me that a pretest is a more important component of a quasi-experimental design. Could you please elaborate more for me, taking the older adult group as an example?

Someone told me that a pretest is a more important component of a quasi-experimental design. Could you please elaborate more for me, taking the older adult group as an example?

27th November, 2021
The current restrictions and rules on public gatherings may make older adults more isolated. Therefore, we hope to understand the potential difference in the subjective feelings of social isolation between community-dwelling and institutionalized elders. But the reality does not allow us to adopt randomization. Could you please give us some advice?

The current restrictions and rules on public gatherings may make older adults more isolated. Therefore, we hope to understand the potential difference in the subjective feelings of social isolatio ...

27th November, 2021
There are many dropout cases in my samples of older adults living in the community. I wonder can I use the pretest score to examine differences among the remaining group members?

There are many dropout cases in my samples of older adults living in the community. I wonder can I use the pretest score to examine differences among the remaining group members?

27th November, 2021
If our team plans to conduct a longitudinal study to examine the impacts of a program for older adults, may I ask the function of its pretest?

If our team plans to conduct a longitudinal study to examine the impacts of a program for older adults, may I ask the function of its pretest?

26th November, 2021
Following my previous question, when I searched for the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS), I found that it also has an abbreviated version with six items. Can I use the short version among older persons?

Following my previous question, when I searched for the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS), I found that it also has an abbreviated version with six items. Can I use the short version among older ...

26th November, 2021
Hello! Could you please recommend a scale that measures social isolation in older persons?

Hello! Could you please recommend a scale that measures social isolation in older persons?

26th November, 2021
Following my prior post, in a cost-benefit analysis of a program caring for frail elders in the community, what kinds of variables are we usually examine?

Following my prior post, in a cost-benefit analysis of a program caring for frail elders in the community, what kinds of variables are we usually examine?

26th November, 2021
The quality and financial implications of elder care are the pressing issues in Hong Kong. I wonder what kind of analysis is suitable that covers both quality and financial concerns?

The quality and financial implications of elder care are the pressing issues in Hong Kong. I wonder what kind of analysis is suitable that covers both quality and financial concerns?

26th November, 2021
Hi~ I am puzzling about something. When we are describing older adults’ health scores of intervention and control groups in an evaluation report, why do we need to report the standard deviation apart from the means?

Hi~ I am puzzling about something. When we are describing older adults’ health scores of intervention and control groups in an evaluation report, why do we need to report the standard deviation ap ...

26th November, 2021
Some of the older persons participating in my program have dropped out because of death or moving to nursing home. Shall I report the condition in the evaluation report?

Some of the older persons participating in my program have dropped out because of death or moving to nursing home. Shall I report the condition in the evaluation report?

26th November, 2021
Hi! In our program evaluation, we were very happy to find the indicator hospital admissions reduced within the intervention group after implementing the case management project. Does it mean the intervention of case management for older persons is effective?

Hi! In our program evaluation, we were very happy to find the indicator hospital admissions reduced within the intervention group after implementing the case management project. Does it mean the i ...

26th November, 2021
Hello, friend! We plan to assess the effect of a case management project for older persons in Hong Kong. Regarding the outcome variable, I wonder if we could use hospital admissions as an indicator of health care costs?

Hello, friend! We plan to assess the effect of a case management project for older persons in Hong Kong. Regarding the outcome variable, I wonder if we could use hospital admissions as an indicato ...

26th November, 2021
After searched for some evaluation reports, I found out that many descriptive and controlled trials have been performed in Western countries to examine the effectiveness of the comprehensive geriatric assessment. Can I cite the results in the Hong Kong context in similar program evaluations?

After searched for some evaluation reports, I found out that many descriptive and controlled trials have been performed in Western countries to examine the effectiveness of the comprehensive geria ...

26th November, 2021
It is very interesting. I recently got to know that there also are outreach services for frail elderly persons living in RCHEs. May I ask about its advantage?

It is very interesting. I recently got to know that there also are outreach services for frail elderly persons living in RCHEs. May I ask about its advantage?

26th November, 2021
Following my previous post, if I want to further compare the mean age of older adults living in the community, subvented RCHEs, and non-subvented RCHEs, I wonder whether an independent t-test is still appropriate?

Following my previous post, if I want to further compare the mean age of older adults living in the community, subvented RCHEs, and non-subvented RCHEs, I wonder whether an independent t-test is s ...

26th November, 2021
Hello. There are subvented and non-subvented residential care homes for older adults (RCHE) in Hong Kong. What analysis method could we use when comparing the mean age of those who live in the two kinds of RCHEs?

Hello. There are subvented and non-subvented residential care homes for older adults (RCHE) in Hong Kong. What analysis method could we use when comparing the mean age of those who live in the two ...

26th November, 2021
May I ask a question about older adults’ blood pressure information? In a nursing home, does this information belong to privacy or public, if it is collected for program evaluation?

May I ask a question about older adults’ blood pressure information? In a nursing home, does this information belong to privacy or public, if it is collected for program evaluation?

26th November, 2021
Wearable technology for older adults is becoming increasingly popular. For example, a smart wristband in the nursing home can help document the physical health data of residents, such as blood pressure. Therefore, I wonder, is it ethical to require residents to wear such a wristband for their benefit?

Wearable technology for older adults is becoming increasingly popular. For example, a smart wristband in the nursing home can help document the physical health data of residents, such as blood pre ...

26th November, 2021
Hello. I am doing some literature review on telemedicine. I found that the existing results from a one-year study indicated a reduction of hospital emergency departments for older patients. Can we say that telemedicine is feasible for geriatric care?

Hello. I am doing some literature review on telemedicine. I found that the existing results from a one-year study indicated a reduction of hospital emergency departments for older patients. Can we ...

26th November, 2021
Hi! Our nursing home is considering using telemedicine for older clients. And learned from the MEL project, we hope to design a program evaluation to examine its effectiveness! Maybe get another comparison group would be a good choice? Do you agree with it? Shall we set conventional outreach or clinic-based geriatric care as a control group?

Hi! Our nursing home is considering using telemedicine for older clients. And learned from the MEL project, we hope to design a program evaluation to examine its effectiveness! Maybe get another c ...

26th November, 2021
Hello. I am puzzling about a question. Take services for older adults as an example. Suppose a new intervention has been applied to five older adults, shall I use the five older adults or only one of them as a case?

Hello. I am puzzling about a question. Take services for older adults as an example. Suppose a new intervention has been applied to five older adults, shall I use the five older adults or only one ...

26th November, 2021
Hello. Could anyone kindly give me a clue about the purposes for a case study in program evaluation?

Hello. Could anyone kindly give me a clue about the purposes for a case study in program evaluation?

26th November, 2021
In our program evaluation, we have interviewed several older persons and asked their views opinions towards our mental health program. Is it proper for us to adopt a quantitative questionnaire to supplement with interviews?

In our program evaluation, we have interviewed several older persons and asked their views opinions towards our mental health program. Is it proper for us to adopt a quantitative questionnaire to ...

26th November, 2021
Hi, friend! Our team wants to describe a mental health program for older adults in-depth in evaluation. Can we use case studies as the evaluation design?

Hi, friend! Our team wants to describe a mental health program for older adults in-depth in evaluation. Can we use case studies as the evaluation design?

26th November, 2021
Following the previous post, besides gender and age, I wonder what other factors I shall control in studying older adults?

Following the previous post, besides gender and age, I wonder what other factors I shall control in studying older adults?

25th November, 2021
Many thanks for your previous suggestion! May I ask for more information about the time-series design for an older adults’ memory-monitoring program? Is it a descriptive design or a causal design?

Many thanks for your previous suggestion! May I ask for more information about the time-series design for an older adults’ memory-monitoring program? Is it a descriptive design or a causal design? ...

25th November, 2021
As we know, effective designs are important for program evaluation. Our center hopes to track the changes in older adults’ memory loss after participating in an activity program. May I ask which design may be more appropriate?

As we know, effective designs are important for program evaluation. Our center hopes to track the changes in older adults’ memory loss after participating in an activity program. May I ask which d ...

25th November, 2021
Following my previous post, the other notation does not have X in the notation. Does it mean it has no intervention?

Following my previous post, the other notation does not have X in the notation. Does it mean it has no intervention?

25th November, 2021
Hello! I am reading an evaluation report. It is about a program for increasing social support for youth from single-parent families. And I have seen a notation like this: O X O. May I ask what it means?

Hello! I am reading an evaluation report. It is about a program for increasing social support for youth from single-parent families. And I have seen a notation like this: O X O. May I ask what it ...

25th November, 2021
Hello. I am confused with some research results. According to the existing literature, volunteering and prosocial behaviors have been found highly associated among youth. So, does it mean that there is a causal inference? Can I say that volunteering would lead to prosocial behaviors?

Hello. I am confused with some research results. According to the existing literature, volunteering and prosocial behaviors have been found highly associated among youth. So, does it mean that the ...

25th November, 2021
Covid-19 has increased anxiety for many of us, and experts warn a sizable minority could be left with mental health problems that outlast the pandemic. I am worried that youth may suffer from mental health risks… As volunteering might be helpful for youth’s mental health, our center plans to conduct a program for promoting volunteering activities among youth. As for the program evaluation, I want to collect longitudinal data to record the changes in volunteering time and mental health. What types of errors may occur?

Covid-19 has increased anxiety for many of us, and experts warn a sizable minority could be left with mental health problems that outlast the pandemic. I am worried that youth may suffer from ment ...

25th November, 2021
For my qualitative interview, I wonder if I could use thematic analysis for data analysis? I have conducted interviews with economically disadvantaged youth.

For my qualitative interview, I wonder if I could use thematic analysis for data analysis? I have conducted interviews with economically disadvantaged youth.

25th November, 2021
Hello. I hope to understand more subjective experiences of young people from low-income families. Therefore. I am curious about what data collection method would be more appropriate for this research purpose?

Hello. I hope to understand more subjective experiences of young people from low-income families. Therefore. I am curious about what data collection method would be more appropriate for this resea ...

25th November, 2021
Hi. I wonder if I use the NEET rate information in my program evaluation, is it a way of using secondary data?

Hi. I wonder if I use the NEET rate information in my program evaluation, is it a way of using secondary data?

24th November, 2021
Hello, I am very interested in NEET and want to do more research on it. Would you please kindly tell me where I could find more information, such as the NEET rate in developed economies?

Hello, I am very interested in NEET and want to do more research on it. Would you please kindly tell me where I could find more information, such as the NEET rate in developed economies?

24th November, 2021
WOW. I have found there is a term: NEET, for young people who are not in employment, education, or training. I wonder, for the NEET, what subcategories commonly are there?

WOW. I have found there is a term: NEET, for young people who are not in employment, education, or training. I wonder, for the NEET, what subcategories commonly are there?

24th November, 2021
Hi, may I ask what “non-engaged” youth refers to in Hong Kong?

Hi, may I ask what “non-engaged” youth refers to in Hong Kong?

24th November, 2021
Following my last post, could anyone kindly show me the steps of a normality test in SPSS?

Following my last post, could anyone kindly show me the steps of a normality test in SPSS?

24th November, 2021
Hi. I have finished my data collection of young adults’ depression. However, I found many participants responded with low scores in many items. I am worried about it. Shall I do a normality test before data analysis?

Hi. I have finished my data collection of young adults’ depression. However, I found many participants responded with low scores in many items. I am worried about it. Shall I do a normality test b ...

24th November, 2021
Hi, I get another question following my previous question. That is, I wonder, in stratified sampling about local and non-local students, shall I use proportionate or disproportionate sampling? Which one is better?

Hi, I get another question following my previous question. That is, I wonder, in stratified sampling about local and non-local students, shall I use proportionate or disproportionate sampling? Whi ...

24th November, 2021
The pandemic has increased academic stress for many young people, including local and non-local students. However, the stressors and their risk factors might be different for these two groups. Our center is very interested in such differences! I wonder when surveying the academic stress of adolescents, can we use stratified random sampling for local and non-local students?

The pandemic has increased academic stress for many young people, including local and non-local students. However, the stressors and their risk factors might be different for these two groups. Our ...

24th November, 2021
OMG. I just realized that university students’ email addresses are confidential, then how could we send the questionnaires through email?? Could anyone give us a clue to fix this problem? Could we get the email list in a university?

OMG. I just realized that university students’ email addresses are confidential, then how could we send the questionnaires through email?? Could anyone give us a clue to fix this problem? Could we ...

24th November, 2021
Hi, our center wants to initiate a survey on mental health among university students. Which surveying method do you recommend?

Hi, our center wants to initiate a survey on mental health among university students. Which surveying method do you recommend?

24th November, 2021
Following my previous question, our team thinks that university students and those from vocational training colleges may have different resilience levels. Therefore, if we also want to compare the mean scores of the two groups. What kind of test shall I perform?

Following my previous question, our team thinks that university students and those from vocational training colleges may have different resilience levels. Therefore, if we also want to compare the ...

24th November, 2021
Hello! I want to measure the resilience level of university students. Would you please kindly recommend a valid scale?

Hello! I want to measure the resilience level of university students. Would you please kindly recommend a valid scale?

24th November, 2021
Following the previous post, I want to ask whether I shall put both independent variables in hypothesis development?

Following the previous post, I want to ask whether I shall put both independent variables in hypothesis development?

24th November, 2021
Hello. After searching for Western research, I found that parental orientation and peer orientation may influence youth’s job-seeking attitude. Therefore, I want to ask what the independent variables are if I plan to survey about this topic?

Hello. After searching for Western research, I found that parental orientation and peer orientation may influence youth’s job-seeking attitude. Therefore, I want to ask what the independent variab ...

24th November, 2021
Following my previous post, may I further ask what sampling strategy is suitable for our program, to survey students from each grade of secondary schools?

Following my previous post, may I further ask what sampling strategy is suitable for our program, to survey students from each grade of secondary schools?

24th November, 2021
Hello. We plan to conduct a survey of 400 youth in our community. We want to explore more about their educational attainment and career planning. I wonder if anyone could give me a clue about whether we should cover young people from all grades of secondary schools?

Hello. We plan to conduct a survey of 400 youth in our community. We want to explore more about their educational attainment and career planning. I wonder if anyone could give me a clue about whet ...

23rd November, 2021
Hello. I found that the data I collected from an academic test among secondary school students is not a normal distribution. Is it acceptable? Why does it happen?

Hello. I found that the data I collected from an academic test among secondary school students is not a normal distribution. Is it acceptable? Why does it happen?

23rd November, 2021
Could you please tell me how to check the normality of data? I want to check my data on the academic scores of secondary school students.

Could you please tell me how to check the normality of data? I want to check my data on the academic scores of secondary school students.

23rd November, 2021
Hi! If our team is trying to adopt a measurement for assessing youth’s drug-free days, I wonder if the self-report is acceptable for the data collection?

Hi! If our team is trying to adopt a measurement for assessing youth’s drug-free days, I wonder if the self-report is acceptable for the data collection?

23rd November, 2021
Hello. Could you please give an example of an effective intervention in reducing youth’s drug abuse? I am trying to find some references for designing our own program.

Hello. Could you please give an example of an effective intervention in reducing youth’s drug abuse? I am trying to find some references for designing our own program.

23rd November, 2021
Hi! If I have recorded an increasing trend in job-seeking intention before, during, and after the career development program for youth, does it imply a causal inference based on this time-series design?

Hi! If I have recorded an increasing trend in job-seeking intention before, during, and after the career development program for youth, does it imply a causal inference based on this time-series d ...

23rd November, 2021
Hello. I am designing a six-month career development program for youth. Since there is no comparison group, may I employ a time-series design to measure the changes?

Hello. I am designing a six-month career development program for youth. Since there is no comparison group, may I employ a time-series design to measure the changes?

23rd November, 2021
For my last post, you mentioned the issue of answering questions to the expectation of the evaluator in a youth social skill group. I wonder what kinds of errors will occur in that situation?

For my last post, you mentioned the issue of answering questions to the expectation of the evaluator in a youth social skill group. I wonder what kinds of errors will occur in that situation?

23rd November, 2021
Hi. I am working on a youth social skill group. And I hope to know if there are any benefits if I adopt a post-test-only design? Could anyone kindly help me?

Hi. I am working on a youth social skill group. And I hope to know if there are any benefits if I adopt a post-test-only design? Could anyone kindly help me?

23rd November, 2021
Hello. May I ask the common social media tools of cyber youth outreach in Hong Kong?

Hello. May I ask the common social media tools of cyber youth outreach in Hong Kong?

23rd November, 2021
By the way, I found that if using quantitative methods, I could hardly hear how the older adults themselves interpreter their experiences about sexual needs or other related services. Shall I add in-depth interviews in data collection?Hi! I recently got to know the concept “asynchronous communication”. It refers to when two (or more) people can communicate without the requirement that they are “present” at the same exact moment in time. Nowadays, in online youth services, there are synchronous and asynchronous communications. For hidden youth, it seems asynchronous communication allows more convenience for them. May I know your opinions about it?

Hi! I recently got to know the concept "asynchronous communication". It refers to when two (or more) people can communicate without the requirement that they are “present” at the same exact moment ...

23rd November, 2021
Hello, friend! May I ask the advantages of applying online methods in youth outreach services?

Hello, friend! May I ask the advantages of applying online methods in youth outreach services?

23rd November, 2021
Hi! After browsing the MEL website, I have found many recommendations of some locally valid scales in youth service. It is so amazing!

Hi! After browsing the MEL website, I have found many recommendations of some locally valid scales in youth service. It is so amazing!

23rd November, 2021
Thank you for your previous reply! Regarding the Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI), I found it is a self-reported scale. Therefore, youth respondents may hide their real suicide thoughts before the evaluator, a total stranger. In that case, I wonder what kind of measurement error is it?

Thank you for your previous reply! Regarding the Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI), I found it is a self-reported scale. Therefore, youth respondents may hide their real suicide thoughts before the ...

23rd November, 2021
As we know, suicide has become the leading cause of death among youth aged 15 to 24 in Hong Kong. Therefore, our center is launching a life education program for youth in the community. Regarding the program evaluation, we plan to assess the participants’ suicide ideation before and after the service. Would you please recommend a valid scale?

As we know, suicide has become the leading cause of death among youth aged 15 to 24 in Hong Kong. Therefore, our center is launching a life education program for youth in the community. Regarding ...

23rd November, 2021
Hi, friend. I get to know that there is a committee on services for youth at risk. May I ask the chair of the committee?

Hi, friend. I get to know that there is a committee on services for youth at risk. May I ask the chair of the committee?

19th November, 2021
Hi, I am a social work student, and great to know there is a MEL project providing rich information on program evaluation for NGO practitioners. I wonder if you could please kindly tell me the target population’s age range of Integrated Children and Youth Services Centers?

Hi, I am a social work student, and great to know there is a MEL project providing rich information on program evaluation for NGO practitioners. I wonder if you could please kindly tell me the tar ...

19th November, 2021
I plan to conduct a pilot study in a subvented Crisis Residential Center, to get myself prepared for a more complex evaluation. Do you think I could access the names and contact information of young persons who stayed at crisis residential centers?

I plan to conduct a pilot study in a subvented Crisis Residential Center, to get myself prepared for a more complex evaluation. Do you think I could access the names and contact information of you ...

19th November, 2021
Hello. I notice there are subvented Crisis Residential Centers for at-risk young people. If I want to monitor the use of these centers, what kind of data shall I collect during this process?

Hello. I notice there are subvented Crisis Residential Centers for at-risk young people. If I want to monitor the use of these centers, what kind of data shall I collect during this process?

19th November, 2021
If we apply the logic model, may I ask what are the human resource inputs of the community support program for youth?

If we apply the logic model, may I ask what are the human resource inputs of the community support program for youth?

19th November, 2021
May I ask whether there is any service for a juvenile under the age of 18 who has been arrested for having committed an offense?

May I ask whether there is any service for a juvenile under the age of 18 who has been arrested for having committed an offense?

19th November, 2021
Sometimes young people do not want to expose their real identities when seeking help. But when they express the suicide intention to a social worker, is it ethical to explore their real identities?

Sometimes young people do not want to expose their real identities when seeking help. But when they express the suicide intention to a social worker, is it ethical to explore their real identities ...

19th November, 2021
Hi, I have a question about program evaluation. The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups has a hotline service for youth at risk. The agency records the number of young persons receiving the hotline service. May I ask what type of program data it is?

Hi, I have a question about program evaluation. The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups has a hotline service for youth at risk. The agency records the number of young persons receiving the hotli ...

19th November, 2021
Hi! I noticed that, regarding joining a longitudinal survey, many youth participants would raise a concern about the disclosure of their privacy. May I seek your advice on responding to their concern?

Hi! I noticed that, regarding joining a longitudinal survey, many youth participants would raise a concern about the disclosure of their privacy. May I seek your advice on responding to their conc ...

19th November, 2021
May I ask are there any practical techniques to track respondents’ self-confidence in my youth empowerment program?

May I ask are there any practical techniques to track respondents’ self-confidence in my youth empowerment program?

19th November, 2021
Hi, friend. May I ask the difference between impact data and outcome data of a youth program?

Hi, friend. May I ask the difference between impact data and outcome data of a youth program?

18th November, 2021
Thank you for your previous answer! I want to ask since the impact data of youth cyber outreaching programs is not easy to get, can we record the outcome data instead?

Thank you for your previous answer! I want to ask since the impact data of youth cyber outreaching programs is not easy to get, can we record the outcome data instead?

18th November, 2021
Hi, friend. I wonder whether it is ok for us to conduct an impact evaluation for the youth cyber outreaching program?

Hi, friend. I wonder whether it is ok for us to conduct an impact evaluation for the youth cyber outreaching program?

18th November, 2021
Would you please tell me what benefits we could get from conducting an impact evaluation of many youth programs?

Would you please tell me what benefits we could get from conducting an impact evaluation of many youth programs?

18th November, 2021
Following my previous post, may I further ask how to describe the impact of my program of youth bereavement?

Following my previous post, may I further ask how to describe the impact of my program of youth bereavement?

18th November, 2021
My bereavement service for youth who lost a parent would last for three months. Shall I collect data amidst the intervention, except for the pre and post-tests?

My bereavement service for youth who lost a parent would last for three months. Shall I collect data amidst the intervention, except for the pre and post-tests?

18th November, 2021
Youth mental health services could cover the case level, group level, and program level. I wonder if you could kindly give me a clue about what process data might refer to at the group level?

Youth mental health services could cover the case level, group level, and program level. I wonder if you could kindly give me a clue about what process data might refer to at the group level?

18th November, 2021
Hi there! So based on the existing evaluation results, may I say that telehealth could solve the problems the healthcare system faces caused by COVID-19?

Hi there! So based on the existing evaluation results, may I say that telehealth could solve the problems the healthcare system faces caused by COVID-19?

18th November, 2021
So, based on our previous discussion, telehealth is totally applicable during the COVID-19 crisis? May I say that?

So, based on our previous discussion, telehealth is totally applicable during the COVID-19 crisis? May I say that?

18th November, 2021
Hey, following my previous question, as we lack evidence about the effectiveness of telehealth, is there anything we can do under the current situation?

Hey, following my previous question, as we lack evidence about the effectiveness of telehealth, is there anything we can do under the current situation?

18th November, 2021
Hey, following my previous question, as we lack evidence about the effectiveness of telehealth, is there anything we can do under the current situation?

Hey, following my previous question, as we lack evidence about the effectiveness of telehealth, is there anything we can do under the current situation?

17th November, 2021
Hi, friend! It seems healthcare in modern society has been transformed out of necessity to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. I could not help noticing the rapid expansion of telehealth. For example, in the US, at Oregon Health & Science University, the number of digital health visits ballooned from 1,100 in February to nearly 13,000 in March, and all 1,200 ambulatory faculty were able to conduct virtual visits by April 3, 2020. I am not sure about this trend and wonder why individuals believe it would be a solution to current problems.

Hi, friend! It seems healthcare in modern society has been transformed out of necessity to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. I could not help noticing the rapid expansion of telehealth. For exampl ...

17th November, 2021
Hello, friend. I get another question about the survey for older adults’ willingness for receiving COVID-19 vaccines. Suppose I am going to compare the injection willingness among the young-old and old-old groups, these two groups may be different. May I set gender as a control variable?

Hello, friend. I get another question about the survey for older adults' willingness for receiving COVID-19 vaccines. Suppose I am going to compare the injection willingness among the young-old an ...

17th November, 2021
Hi! Following my previous post, I found that the Department of Health has arranged three Elderly Health Centers as vaccine injection venues for all individuals aged 65 or above. Therefore, I wonder if I could survey older adults from the three centers about their injection willingness?

Hi! Following my previous post, I found that the Department of Health has arranged three Elderly Health Centers as vaccine injection venues for all individuals aged 65 or above. Therefore, I wonde ...

17th November, 2021
Despite the government encourages older adults to receive COVID-19 vaccines, our team noticed many still hesitate to do so. Hence, we want to survey the injection willingness among older adults in Hong Kong. Maybe we could contribute more to protect the well-being of older adults. Would you please recommend a suitable surveying method in this context?

Despite the government encourages older adults to receive COVID-19 vaccines, our team noticed many still hesitate to do so. Hence, we want to survey the injection willingness among older adults in ...

17th November, 2021
Hi. If I hope to monitor whether my program on youth mental health goes well as planned, what kind of data shall I use for this evaluation?

Hi. If I hope to monitor whether my program on youth mental health goes well as planned, what kind of data shall I use for this evaluation?

16th November, 2021
Following my previous post, I get another question, that is, will cost-efficiency program data be included in program evaluation in the Great Bay Area youth internship?

Following my previous post, I get another question, that is, will cost-efficiency program data be included in program evaluation in the Great Bay Area youth internship?

16th November, 2021
Hi! Have you heard that the Great Bay Area youth internship program has been launched? May I ask when program data should be used in program evaluation?

Hi! Have you heard that the Great Bay Area youth internship program has been launched? May I ask when program data should be used in program evaluation?

16th November, 2021
Would you please give me a clue about how to understand the purpose of using program data in monitoring? Maybe you can take my project for bereaved youth as an example?

Would you please give me a clue about how to understand the purpose of using program data in monitoring? Maybe you can take my project for bereaved youth as an example?

16th November, 2021
Hi, I am an animal-assisted therapist. Currently, I am working on a project for bereaved youth who lost their next of kin. May I ask how the performance data will be used?

Hi, I am an animal-assisted therapist. Currently, I am working on a project for bereaved youth who lost their next of kin. May I ask how the performance data will be used?

16th November, 2021
Following my previous post, may I ask what does equity data mean, taking our stress management program as an example?

Following my previous post, may I ask what does equity data mean, taking our stress management program as an example?

16th November, 2021
Coronavirus and the fear of recession have become one of the major stressors for many young people. Hence, our center will initiate a new stress management program targeting young people. May I ask that kind of program data is there?

Coronavirus and the fear of recession have become one of the major stressors for many young people. Hence, our center will initiate a new stress management program targeting young people. May I as ...

16th November, 2021
Following the previous post, may I ask will the moderating variable be influenced by the independent variable?

Following the previous post, may I ask will the moderating variable be influenced by the independent variable?

15th November, 2021
Hello, friend! I heard that the excessive use of mobile apps may make young people overwhelming by various world news. Suppose I plan to further explore the relationship between mobile apps use and anxiety among young people, and I am very interested in examining the gender differences in this phenomenon. In this way, does it mean that gender acts as a moderating variable?

Hello, friend! I heard that the excessive use of mobile apps may make young people overwhelming by various world news. Suppose I plan to further explore the relationship between mobile apps use an ...

15th November, 2021
Following my previous question, may I also ask what is the first step to do random sampling among youth using Coolminds?

Following my previous question, may I also ask what is the first step to do random sampling among youth using Coolminds?

15th November, 2021
Hi, I get a question about the sampling methods. One of my clients is using Coolminds, a mental health website for young people. I wonder if the website collects information about its service users, is it a kind of random sampling?

Hi, I get a question about the sampling methods. One of my clients is using Coolminds, a mental health website for young people. I wonder if the website collects information about its service user ...

15th November, 2021
Regarding the SPSS software, I want to explore more than one dependent variable, for example, to include young persons’ confidence level, but it seems that SPSS PROCESS does not have the relevant model. I wonder what I could do to solve it?

Regarding the SPSS software, I want to explore more than one dependent variable, for example, to include young persons’ confidence level, but it seems that SPSS PROCESS does not have the relevant ...

12th November, 2021
Hello. I once asked a question about the mediating effect of the parent-children relationship. Now I have collected data. Can I use SPSS PROCESS to do the statistical analysis?

Hello. I once asked a question about the mediating effect of the parent-children relationship. Now I have collected data. Can I use SPSS PROCESS to do the statistical analysis?

12th November, 2021
When I try to explore the relationship between living together with parents and family conflicts among young persons, after searched for more empirical evidence, I noticed that the quality of the parent-children relationship is suggested to play a mediating role. Therefore, I wonder in this hypothesis formulation, how can I describe its mediating effect?

When I try to explore the relationship between living together with parents and family conflicts among young persons, after searched for more empirical evidence, I noticed that the quality of the ...

11th November, 2021
Hi. During the covid-19 pandemic, the policies on school closure have made parents and children live together in enclosed spaces for prolonged periods. In the meantime, intergenerational conflicts are on the rise. Therefore, I wonder whether living together would cause intergenerational conflicts?

Hi. During the covid-19 pandemic, the policies on school closure have made parents and children live together in enclosed spaces for prolonged periods. In the meantime, intergenerational conflicts ...

11th November, 2021
Despite the effort of the Samaritan Society, the percentage of young people reporting having suicide intentions is still on the rise. It seems its intervention is not that effective, right?

Despite the effort of the Samaritan Society, the percentage of young people reporting having suicide intentions is still on the rise. It seems its intervention is not that effective, right?

11th November, 2021
Hi! I noticed that the Samaritan Befrienders Hong Kong said more than 70% of its email service users for suicide prevention were students. Does it mean that, generally, among people who have suicide intention, 70% of them are students?

Hi! I noticed that the Samaritan Befrienders Hong Kong said more than 70% of its email service users for suicide prevention were students. Does it mean that, generally, among people who have suici ...

9th November, 2021
Following my previous post, if I want to further compare the gender difference in young persons’ emotional distress, what kind of test shall I perform?

Following my previous post, if I want to further compare the gender difference in young persons’ emotional distress, what kind of test shall I perform?

9th November, 2021
Hello. I am worried about the rise in the number of young people struggling with emotional distress during the coronavirus pandemic. Suppose I am going to survey among university students. May I ask which random sampling method is suitable?

Hello. I am worried about the rise in the number of young people struggling with emotional distress during the coronavirus pandemic. Suppose I am going to survey among university students. May I a ...

9th November, 2021
Suppose I want to explore the relationship between doing exercises and the mental health of youth, I wonder what the null hypothesis will be?

Suppose I want to explore the relationship between doing exercises and the mental health of youth, I wonder what the null hypothesis will be?

9th November, 2021
Hi. Could anyone give me a clue about what a null hypothesis is?

Hi. Could anyone give me a clue about what a null hypothesis is?

9th November, 2021
I heard a theory is necessary for hypothesis development. I am trying to explore the relationship between social bonds and juvenile delinquency. Could you recommend a theory for me?

I heard a theory is necessary for hypothesis development. I am trying to explore the relationship between social bonds and juvenile delinquency. Could you recommend a theory for me?

9th November, 2021
According to the literature, social bonds and juvenile delinquency are strongly associated with each other. However, there are different kinds of social bonds, and I want to explore which one is the most influential to juvenile delinquency. What kind of analysis technique shall I adopt?

According to the literature, social bonds and juvenile delinquency are strongly associated with each other. However, there are different kinds of social bonds, and I want to explore which one is t ...

9th November, 2021
If we use the perspective of the logic model, what are the inputs of the Community Support Service Scheme (CSSS)?

If we use the perspective of the logic model, what are the inputs of the Community Support Service Scheme (CSSS)?

9th November, 2021
Hello, I am from Mainland China and am interested in community support services for youth in Hong Kong. I wonder if there are any services for the arrested youth?

Hello, I am from Mainland China and am interested in community support services for youth in Hong Kong. I wonder if there are any services for the arrested youth?

9th November, 2021
Following my previous post, can I put all the male students in the treatment group and the female students in the control group?

Following my previous post, can I put all the male students in the treatment group and the female students in the control group?

9th November, 2021
Depression is becoming increasingly common among Hong Kong university students. Suppose we plan to conduct an intervention that has been used in the U.S before but never in HK. It targets university students with moderate-level depression, and we hope to see whether it works or not. Shall we set a control group to compare the results?

Depression is becoming increasingly common among Hong Kong university students. Suppose we plan to conduct an intervention that has been used in the U.S before but never in HK. It targets universi ...

9th November, 2021
Hello, everyone. When surveying university students, is it necessary for evaluators to obtain their parents’ consent?

Hello, everyone. When surveying university students, is it necessary for evaluators to obtain their parents’ consent?

8th November, 2021
I read an article about service-learning and its impact on university students’ personal development and social commitment. May I ask what the dependent variables are in this relationship?

I read an article about service-learning and its impact on university students’ personal development and social commitment. May I ask what the dependent variables are in this relationship?

8th November, 2021
Hi. Thank you for your previous suggestion! I have checked the p-value, and it was significant. So, can I say that sleep disturbance leads to stress levels among Hong Kong adolescents now?

Hi. Thank you for your previous suggestion! I have checked the p-value, and it was significant. So, can I say that sleep disturbance leads to stress levels among Hong Kong adolescents now?

8th November, 2021
I am trying to test the correlation coefficient between adolescents’ sleep disturbance and stress level in SPSS. The r is 0.2. Does it mean there is a correlation?

I am trying to test the correlation coefficient between adolescents’ sleep disturbance and stress level in SPSS. The r is 0.2. Does it mean there is a correlation?

8th November, 2021
Following the previous post, I want to further ask how I can confirm the strength of the relationship between sleep disturbance and adolescents’ stress levels?

Following the previous post, I want to further ask how I can confirm the strength of the relationship between sleep disturbance and adolescents’ stress levels?

8th November, 2021
Hi. It seems sleep disturbance will affect the stress levels of adolescents. If so, what is the independent variable in this relationship?

Hi. It seems sleep disturbance will affect the stress levels of adolescents. If so, what is the independent variable in this relationship?

5th November, 2021
I find the items in the Academic Development Self-Efficacy Scale are too many. It might take too much time for adolescents to complete the questionnaire… Can I delete some items?

I find the items in the Academic Development Self-Efficacy Scale are too many. It might take too much time for adolescents to complete the questionnaire... Can I delete some items?

5th November, 2021
I am looking for a scale that could be used to measure the level of academic stress among Hong Kong adolescents. Could you recommend one, please?

I am looking for a scale that could be used to measure the level of academic stress among Hong Kong adolescents. Could you recommend one, please?

3rd November, 2021
Hi there, outcome and impact are similar terms, and I cannot tell the differences between the two concepts. Could anyone kindly help me out?

Hi there, outcome and impact are similar terms, and I cannot tell the differences between the two concepts. Could anyone kindly help me out?

3rd November, 2021
Academic stress is widely recognized as a prominent source of stress for adolescents in Hong Kong. Some NGOs, such as The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups, have mobile counseling services for reducing such stress. When evaluating the impacts of these counseling services, can we infer their effectiveness from the number of youths they have served?

Academic stress is widely recognized as a prominent source of stress for adolescents in Hong Kong. Some NGOs, such as The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups, have mobile counseling services for ...

3rd November, 2021
Could you please explain a bit more about the chi-square test? For example, when can it be used?

Could you please explain a bit more about the chi-square test? For example, when can it be used?

3rd November, 2021
I want to examine whether there is a gender difference in the youth job preference. May I ask what kind of test I shall perform with the data?

I want to examine whether there is a gender difference in the youth job preference. May I ask what kind of test I shall perform with the data?

3rd November, 2021
Following the previous post, if I understand correctly, the larger the standard deviation, the more variation in the samples?

Following the previous post, if I understand correctly, the larger the standard deviation, the more variation in the samples?

3rd November, 2021
I discover that some evaluation reports about youth services have listed standard deviation and the mean scores. Could you please kindly give me a clue about what the standard deviation refers to?

I discover that some evaluation reports about youth services have listed standard deviation and the mean scores. Could you please kindly give me a clue about what the standard deviation refers to? ...

2nd November, 2021
According to some reports made by local NGOs, it is claimed that youth are more likely to be laid off than their more mature, experienced counterparts. Can such a claim lay the ground for policy change?

According to some reports made by local NGOs, it is claimed that youth are more likely to be laid off than their more mature, experienced counterparts. Can such a claim lay the ground for policy c ...

2nd November, 2021
When I read an online report about youth unemployment in Hong Kong, I found it has used data from the Census and Statistics Department. Is it an example of using secondary data?

When I read an online report about youth unemployment in Hong Kong, I found it has used data from the Census and Statistics Department. Is it an example of using secondary data?

2nd November, 2021
Following the previous post, I wonder what key element might determine the quality of the sampling results?

Following the previous post, I wonder what key element might determine the quality of the sampling results?

2nd November, 2021
Youth unemployment is a hot topic, especially in the economic downturn. The news said there have been around 400 graduates who started working in the Great Bay Area. If we collect data from all of them, is it a strategy of sampling?

Youth unemployment is a hot topic, especially in the economic downturn. The news said there have been around 400 graduates who started working in the Great Bay Area. If we collect data from all of ...

2nd November, 2021
Following the prior post, when describing the descriptive analysis, do we need to report the social demographic information about the youth?

Following the prior post, when describing the descriptive analysis, do we need to report the social demographic information about the youth?

2nd November, 2021
Under the COVID-19 quarantine rules, it is no longer easy to carry out youth development activities as before. Our center has designed a series of online educational activities targeting youth with low self-confidence. We measured their self-confidence at pre-test and post-test and found the scores are getting lower. But how can we determine such change is meaningful?

Under the COVID-19 quarantine rules, it is no longer easy to carry out youth development activities as before. Our center has designed a series of online educational activities targeting youth wit ...

2nd November, 2021
Hi everyone. Approaching young night drifters is not easy work. Our center has only two participants that would accept interview invitations. Could you please advise on that?

Hi everyone. Approaching young night drifters is not easy work. Our center has only two participants that would accept interview invitations. Could you please advise on that?

2nd November, 2021
Speaking of young night drifters, I found it is more suitable to use qualitative methods to explore their inner experiences. How do you think of it?

Speaking of young night drifters, I found it is more suitable to use qualitative methods to explore their inner experiences. How do you think of it?

2nd November, 2021
Regarding carrying out multistage sampling, could you please elaborate on the steps in detail for me? It is my first time doing such a complex survey, and I appreciate your help.

Regarding carrying out multistage sampling, could you please elaborate on the steps in detail for me? It is my first time doing such a complex survey, and I appreciate your help.

1st November, 2021
Hello, I am thinking of surveying young night drifters using probability sampling. I notice that The Social Welfare Department has different working teams in each district. So, can I use multistage sampling?

Hello, I am thinking of surveying young night drifters using probability sampling. I notice that The Social Welfare Department has different working teams in each district. So, can I use multistag ...

1st November, 2021
Could you please recommend a validated scale that has been used among the living-alone older population?

Could you please recommend a validated scale that has been used among the living-alone older population?

1st November, 2021
Hi, our center is conducting a mail survey about older adults’ quality of life. What can we do to improve the response rate?

Hi, our center is conducting a mail survey about older adults’ quality of life. What can we do to improve the response rate?

1st November, 2021
For older adults, it is not easy to complete self-administered surveys on their own. Would you please kindly give us some advice?

For older adults, it is not easy to complete self-administered surveys on their own. Would you please kindly give us some advice?

1st November, 2021
Our center has met a problem with the longitudinal survey. Since some elder participants died and others have changed their phone numbers, we can only trace around half of the original participants. I am a bit worried. What can we do?

Our center has met a problem with the longitudinal survey. Since some elder participants died and others have changed their phone numbers, we can only trace around half of the original participant ...

1st November, 2021
Hi, based on the previous suggestions, we have changed the method to a telephone survey instead of the Internet. But some elder members did not answer the phone call. What can we do then?

Hi, based on the previous suggestions, we have changed the method to a telephone survey instead of the Internet. But some elder members did not answer the phone call. What can we do then?

1st November, 2021
Due to the COVID-19, many drop-in elderly services have been cancelled, for example, singing groups. Our center is developing a home-visit recreational service and wants to collect community-dwelling elderly’s opinions via the Internet. What do you think of it?

Due to the COVID-19, many drop-in elderly services have been cancelled, for example, singing groups. Our center is developing a home-visit recreational service and wants to collect community-dwell ...

1st November, 2021
Following the previous post, suppose the survey questionnaire will be distributed to older adults living in the community and under residential care, then what kind of sampling error might occur?

Following the previous post, suppose the survey questionnaire will be distributed to older adults living in the community and under residential care, then what kind of sampling error might occur?< ...

1st November, 2021
Hello, can anyone help me with sampling errors? I plan to test the elder’s attitudes towards recreational services under the pandemic situation with zero sampling error.

Hello, can anyone help me with sampling errors? I plan to test the elder’s attitudes towards recreational services under the pandemic situation with zero sampling error.

1st November, 2021
Based on my sample of the elder’s mobility score, the standard deviation is large. Does it mean there is a great variety in mobility levels of older adults?

Based on my sample of the elder’s mobility score, the standard deviation is large. Does it mean there is a great variety in mobility levels of older adults?

29th October, 2021
When reviewing the client satisfaction of an elder social support program in my center, I found information about standard deviation besides the average scores. What does standard deviation mean?

When reviewing the client satisfaction of an elder social support program in my center, I found information about standard deviation besides the average scores. What does standard deviation mean?< ...

29th October, 2021
Hi, I am considering exploring suicide intention among older adults in Hong Kong and have read something about Social Vulnerability Index (SVI). Could you please explain this term a little bit?

Hi, I am considering exploring suicide intention among older adults in Hong Kong and have read something about Social Vulnerability Index (SVI). Could you please explain this term a little bit?

29th October, 2021
When using the secondary data of elder suicide information, I found many cases have missing values. What can I do with this situation?

When using the secondary data of elder suicide information, I found many cases have missing values. What can I do with this situation?

28th October, 2021
After conducting an ANOVA test, I found living-alone elders have the highest suicide intention. And I hope to design some activities targeting living-alone elders and see if such intervention is effective. Can I use a randomized control trial?

After conducting an ANOVA test, I found living-alone elders have the highest suicide intention. And I hope to design some activities targeting living-alone elders and see if such intervention is e ...

28th October, 2021
Hello, could you help me with this question? I want to compare the suicide intention of elders who have different living statuses (living alone, with a partner, and with children/grandchildren). What kind of statistical analysis is suitable?

Hello, could you help me with this question? I want to compare the suicide intention of elders who have different living statuses (living alone, with a partner, and with children/grandchildren). ...

28th October, 2021
Hi, I found that the percentage of elder suicide among helpline users is twice higher than the general older adults. Can it be evidence for suicide prevention?

Hi, I found that the percentage of elder suicide among helpline users is twice higher than the general older adults. Can it be evidence for suicide prevention?

28th October, 2021
Suicide attempts among older adults in Hong Kong are a serious topic. I search the number of using helpline in the past years. Is it a kind of using secondary data?

Suicide attempts among older adults in Hong Kong are a serious topic. I search the number of using helpline in the past years. Is it a kind of using secondary data?

28th October, 2021
Could you recommend an article that explains more detailed information about effect size, please?

Could you recommend an article that explains more detailed information about effect size, please?

28th October, 2021
I have seen some OCOP posts about effect size, and that’s just what I want to ask! When I am trying to compare the effectiveness of an intervention in residential care of elders, what is the threshold of medium effect size?

I have seen some OCOP posts about effect size, and that’s just what I want to ask! When I am trying to compare the effectiveness of an intervention in residential care of elders, what is the thres ...

28th October, 2021
Hi, I understand that the p-value tells us whether there is a statistically significant difference between the two groups of older women and older men, but how large the difference remains unknown. Is there a way to know that?

Hi, I understand that the p-value tells us whether there is a statistically significant difference between the two groups of older women and older men, but how large the difference remains unknown ...

28th October, 2021
When doing an independent t-test about the mean scores of life satisfaction of older women and older men, we found the p-value is greater than 0.05. Does it mean there is no difference between the two groups?

When doing an independent t-test about the mean scores of life satisfaction of older women and older men, we found the p-value is greater than 0.05. Does it mean there is no difference between the ...

28th October, 2021
We further want to compare the differences in the life satisfaction level between the young-old and old-old age groups following my previous post. What kind of t-test is suitable?

We further want to compare the differences in the life satisfaction level between the young-old and old-old age groups following my previous post. What kind of t-test is suitable?

28th October, 2021
The singing group for older adults in our center is very popular. We want to evaluate whether joining the group may affect the participants’ life satisfaction. Could you please recommend me a reliable and valid scale?

The singing group for older adults in our center is very popular. We want to evaluate whether joining the group may affect the participants' life satisfaction. Could you please recommend me a reli ...

28th October, 2021
Following my previous post, during the need assessment stage, can we use a telephone survey to explore elders’ needs or expectations about the food delivery services?

Following my previous post, during the need assessment stage, can we use a telephone survey to explore elders’ needs or expectations about the food delivery services?

28th October, 2021
Many elders are deeply affected by the pandemic, especially those living alone. To avoid infection, they may stay at home and suffer from hunger or even starvation. Therefore, our center hopes to provide door-to-door food delivery services to living-alone elders, which could reduce their risk of being infected. So, in this very beginning stage of designing such a new service, what shall we do? Any suggestions, please!

Many elders are deeply affected by the pandemic, especially those living alone. To avoid infection, they may stay at home and suffer from hunger or even starvation. Therefore, our center hopes to ...

28th October, 2021
By the way, I found that if using quantitative methods, I could hardly hear how the older adults themselves interpreter their experiences about sexual needs or other related services. Shall I add in-depth interviews in data collection?

By the way, I found that if using quantitative methods, I could hardly hear how the older adults themselves interpreter their experiences about sexual needs or other related services. Shall I add ...

27th October, 2021
The sexual needs of older people are a very sensitive topic in Hong Kong society. I am thinking of using an online questionnaire for a survey. What do you think? Do you agree it may help?

The sexual needs of older people are a very sensitive topic in Hong Kong society. I am thinking of using an online questionnaire for a survey. What do you think? Do you agree it may help?

27th October, 2021
I find that the high availability of barrier-free facilities is associated with high elder mobility, and low availability of barrier-free facilities is associated with low elder mobility. Can I conclude that the availability level of barrier-free facilities leads to different levels of elder mobility?

I find that the high availability of barrier-free facilities is associated with high elder mobility, and low availability of barrier-free facilities is associated with low elder mobility. Can I co ...

27th October, 2021
The growth of the older population brings barrier-free facilities to public attention. If I plan to examine the association between the availability of barrier-free facilities and elder mobility, shall I set elder mobility as an independent or dependent variable?

The growth of the older population brings barrier-free facilities to public attention. If I plan to examine the association between the availability of barrier-free facilities and elder mobility, ...

27th October, 2021
After reviewing the “Dementia Friendly Community Campaign” website, I am becoming more interested in the dementia topic and want to find some systematic review articles. Could you please recommend some databases for medical reviews?

After reviewing the “Dementia Friendly Community Campaign” website, I am becoming more interested in the dementia topic and want to find some systematic review articles. Could you please recommend ...

27th October, 2021
I have seen some posts on dementia, which is also my interest area. As a social work student, I hope to know more background information about the situation in Hong Kong. Would you please recommend some useful websites?

I have seen some posts on dementia, which is also my interest area. As a social work student, I hope to know more background information about the situation in Hong Kong. Would you please recommen ...

26th October, 2021
Following the previous post, regarding the longitudinal design, I heard the terms cohort studies and panel studies. In my case, I hope to observe the cognitive changes of the same group of elders. Which one is suitable?

Following the previous post, regarding the longitudinal design, I heard the terms cohort studies and panel studies. In my case, I hope to observe the cognitive changes of the same group of elders. ...

25th October, 2021
Dementia is a growing concern among older adults in Hong Kong. If I am going to track the cognitive changes of my elderly service users, shall I use a cross-sectional study design or longitudinal study design?

Dementia is a growing concern among older adults in Hong Kong. If I am going to track the cognitive changes of my elderly service users, shall I use a cross-sectional study design or longitudinal ...

25th October, 2021
Following the previous post, is the number of people on the waiting list for dental services a kind of expressed need?

Following the previous post, is the number of people on the waiting list for dental services a kind of expressed need?

25th October, 2021
Could you please give a more detailed definition of expressed need?

Could you please give a more detailed definition of expressed need?

25th October, 2021
I found out that some public health databases are only for paid users. Can I use databases from the CU library?

I found out that some public health databases are only for paid users. Can I use databases from the CU library?

25th October, 2021
I hope to search for some information about the health conditions in Hong Kong’s general population. Where can I find relevant information?

I hope to search for some information about the health conditions in Hong Kong’s general population. Where can I find relevant information?

25th October, 2021
Following the previous question, I wonder is there any limitation of using an online survey in the medical setting?

Following the previous question, I wonder is there any limitation of using an online survey in the medical setting?

25th October, 2021
Under COVID-19, face-to-face interviews in hospitals become increasingly difficult. Do you think an online survey is adoptable?

Under COVID-19, face-to-face interviews in hospitals become increasingly difficult. Do you think an online survey is adoptable?

20th October, 2021
Following the previous question, would you kindly show me how to perform the factor analysis in SPSS?

Following the previous question, would you kindly show me how to perform the factor analysis in SPSS?

20th October, 2021
What does factor analysis mean?

What does factor analysis mean?

20th October, 2021
In my evaluation project, I used a new scale that had never been tested among Hong Kong patients. Do I need to conduct a factor analysis before data analysis?

In my evaluation project, I used a new scale that had never been tested among Hong Kong patients. Do I need to conduct a factor analysis before data analysis?

20th October, 2021
I am a medical social worker and want to conduct a survey to understand the social support level of patients. Any recommendation for a suitable instrument?

I am a medical social worker and want to conduct a survey to understand the social support level of patients. Any recommendation for a suitable instrument?

20th October, 2021
I am still confusing about the concept of measurement. Could you please elaborate more for me?

I am still confusing about the concept of measurement. Could you please elaborate more for me?

20th October, 2021
Could you please give an example of developing a Likert statement in the medical setting?

Could you please give an example of developing a Likert statement in the medical setting?

20th October, 2021
Could you please help me check the following question statement: during the past six weeks, have you felt any change in your sense of belonging in the community? Can I use a Likert scale in the answer?

Could you please help me check the following question statement: during the past six weeks, have you felt any change in your sense of belonging in the community? Can I use a Likert scale in the an ...

20th October, 2021
May I use the severity of patients’ illness as a control variable in determining the effect of a certain medical social service?

May I use the severity of patients’ illness as a control variable in determining the effect of a certain medical social service?

19th October, 2021
Could you please kindly give me an example of using a randomized experimental design among insomnia patients?

Could you please kindly give me an example of using a randomized experimental design among insomnia patients?

19th October, 2021
In medical social services, it seems that random control trials are relatively more expensive than other research designs. Then why many researchers and evaluators still use it?

In medical social services, it seems that random control trials are relatively more expensive than other research designs. Then why many researchers and evaluators still use it?

19th October, 2021
Following the prior post, will there be selection bias in a single group design?

Following the prior post, will there be selection bias in a single group design?

19th October, 2021
Are there any quasi-experimental designs that do not have a comparison group? It is difficult for our hospital to recruit more people.

Are there any quasi-experimental designs that do not have a comparison group? It is difficult for our hospital to recruit more people.

19th October, 2021
Could you please give me the full reference of the scholar you just mentioned?

Could you please give me the full reference of the scholar you just mentioned?

19th October, 2021
Following the previous post, what could we do to avoid the ethical risks in experimental design that involves patients? Sine program evaluation is necessary.

Following the previous post, what could we do to avoid the ethical risks in experimental design that involves patients? Sine program evaluation is necessary.

19th October, 2021
When a new treatment for ADHD kids who have ADHD is developed, is it ethical to randomly assign a group for treatment and another for control?

When a new treatment for ADHD kids who have ADHD is developed, is it ethical to randomly assign a group for treatment and another for control?

19th October, 2021
I understand randomized experiments are highly recommended by lots of evaluators. However, I am not sure, in the medical social services where we try to care for every patient, will there be ethical risks if we adopt the randomized experiment?

I understand randomized experiments are highly recommended by lots of evaluators. However, I am not sure, in the medical social services where we try to care for every patient, will there be ethic ...

19th October, 2021
Could you please kindly give me an example of the observed outcomes in rehabilitation services?

Could you please kindly give me an example of the observed outcomes in rehabilitation services?

19th October, 2021
I see the term “research design” quite often but am not sure about its meaning. What does it mean?

I see the term “research design” quite often but am not sure about its meaning. What does it mean?

19th October, 2021
Following the prior post, may I know what existing program data could be? Could you please give an example in the medical setting?

Following the prior post, may I know what existing program data could be? Could you please give an example in the medical setting?

19th October, 2021
Is it acceptable to use the existing data of a medical program in our own evaluation project?

Is it acceptable to use the existing data of a medical program in our own evaluation project?

9th October, 2021
For a frontline worker, what could we do to get the support of key stakeholders in medical social services?

For a frontline worker, what could we do to get the support of key stakeholders in medical social services?

9th October, 2021
Could you please tell me a bit more about the function of exploratory evaluation in the medical setting?

Could you please tell me a bit more about the function of exploratory evaluation in the medical setting?

9th October, 2021
When formulating a new recovery service, what kind of evaluation is advisable for a busy frontline worker?

When formulating a new recovery service, what kind of evaluation is advisable for a busy frontline worker?

9th October, 2021
Take launching the medical voucher system in Hong Kong as an example, what could be the activities in the logic model?

Take launching the medical voucher system in Hong Kong as an example, what could be the activities in the logic model?

9th October, 2021
In the program “subsidy for eligible patients to purchase ultra-expensive drugs”, could the headcount of beneficiaries be seen as the program’s output?

In the program “subsidy for eligible patients to purchase ultra-expensive drugs”, could the headcount of beneficiaries be seen as the program’s output?

9th October, 2021
I am helping my client to apply for Community Care Fund Medical Assistance Programs. Will he need a referral from a doctor if he is a CSSA recipient?

I am helping my client to apply for Community Care Fund Medical Assistance Programs. Will he need a referral from a doctor if he is a CSSA recipient?

9th October, 2021
Following the previous post, may I say that in some service groups, such as sexual violence, is the qualitative method more appropriate?

Following the previous post, may I say that in some service groups, such as sexual violence, is the qualitative method more appropriate?

8th October, 2021
Can I use the experimental design to determine the emotional recovery of sexual victims?

Can I use the experimental design to determine the emotional recovery of sexual victims?

8th October, 2021
How can I determine the effect of a psycho-social intervention of a breast cancer patients’ group?

How can I determine the effect of a psycho-social intervention of a breast cancer patients’ group?

8th October, 2021
What are the channels that medical social workers can work inter-disciplinarily?

What are the channels that medical social workers can work inter-disciplinarily?

8th October, 2021
Would medical social workers work together with other health professionals in formulating rehabilitation plans for patients?

Would medical social workers work together with other health professionals in formulating rehabilitation plans for patients?

8th October, 2021
Could you please kindly give me an example regarding what a medical social worker could do to promote the health awareness of the public?

Could you please kindly give me an example regarding what a medical social worker could do to promote the health awareness of the public?

8th October, 2021
I am a social work student and hope to know more about the working nature of a medical social worker. Will the social worker also target to help patients reintegrate into society?

I am a social work student and hope to know more about the working nature of a medical social worker. Will the social worker also target to help patients reintegrate into society?

8th October, 2021
Following the previous question, could you please kindly give me an example of how to be culturally sensitive in a hospital setting?

Following the previous question, could you please kindly give me an example of how to be culturally sensitive in a hospital setting?

8th October, 2021
What is the content of the total rehabilitation of patients?

What is the content of the total rehabilitation of patients?

8th October, 2021
What can be the resources for NGO practitioners in the logic model of rehabilitation services?

What can be the resources for NGO practitioners in the logic model of rehabilitation services?

8th October, 2021
Hi, Mel! Could you please kindly tell me what the goal of evaluation could be in medical social services?

Hi, Mel! Could you please kindly tell me what the goal of evaluation could be in medical social services?

8th October, 2021
Could you please elaborate on logic models more for me?

Could you please elaborate on logic models more for me?

8th October, 2021
In the setting of medical social services, can we use logic models in program evaluation?

In the setting of medical social services, can we use logic models in program evaluation?

8th October, 2021
What if the patients have dementia and could not attend the focus groups with stakeholders, then could we conduct the evaluation anyway?

What if the patients have dementia and could not attend the focus groups with stakeholders, then could we conduct the evaluation anyway?

8th October, 2021
Take a caregivers’ program as an example, I wonder if both the patients and caregivers are stakeholders.

Take a caregivers’ program as an example, I wonder if both the patients and caregivers are stakeholders.

8th October, 2021
Do we need to be culturally sensitive in doing program evaluations?

Do we need to be culturally sensitive in doing program evaluations?

8th October, 2021
In the medical social service, I wonder if a hospital could become a stakeholder?

In the medical social service, I wonder if a hospital could become a stakeholder?

8th October, 2021
Hello. May I know what stakeholders usually refer to, in the context of program evaluation?

Hello. May I know what stakeholders usually refer to, in the context of program evaluation?

8th October, 2021
Following my previous post, assume that I have collected data from treatment group A, treatment group B, and the control group. What kind of analysis method is suitable to compare the mean scores of three groups?

Following my previous post, assume that I have collected data from treatment group A, treatment group B, and the control group. What kind of analysis method is suitable to compare the mean scores ...

8th October, 2021
Suppose I have two intervention approaches (treatment A and treatment B) for ex-offenders in the community. I want to examine which one is more effective, treatment A, B, or doing nothing. Shall I set a control group to compare with the two interventions?

Suppose I have two intervention approaches (treatment A and treatment B) for ex-offenders in the community. I want to examine which one is more effective, treatment A, B, or doing nothing. Shall I ...

8th October, 2021
For a group of ex-offenders, those who receive self-reliance group work may perform better when they return to the community, compared with those who don’t. How can I determine the effectiveness of the group work intervention?

For a group of ex-offenders, those who receive self-reliance group work may perform better when they return to the community, compared with those who don't. How can I determine the effectiveness o ...

8th October, 2021
As we can imagine, ex-offenders living in the community might experience social exclusion. I hope to do something about it. But it is difficult for us to understand their social exclusion experience by simply asking: “Do you feel you are socially excluded?” Could you please help me out?

As we can imagine, ex-offenders living in the community might experience social exclusion. I hope to do something about it. But it is difficult for us to understand their social exclusion experien ...

8th October, 2021
Hi, it sounds like CD services aiming at strengthening informal social support, while other welfare services focusing on formal social support.

Hi, it sounds like CD services aiming at strengthening informal social support, while other welfare services focusing on formal social support.

8th October, 2021
I am a social work student from China. May I ask about the difference between community development (CD) services and other welfare services?

I am a social work student from China. May I ask about the difference between community development (CD) services and other welfare services?

8th October, 2021
Following my previous question, I still want to do some probability sampling about the cultural show of Hakka communities. If I invite some of the audience to give feedback, say, every 5th of the registration number, is it a kind of probability sampling?

Following my previous question, I still want to do some probability sampling about the cultural show of Hakka communities. If I invite some of the audience to give feedback, say, every 5th of the ...

8th October, 2021
There are some Hakka communities in Hong Kong with traditional marriage culture. We hope to organize an online cultural show to promote diverse cultural traditions. After the show, we plan to collect all audience’s feedback via a mobile survey. If so, does it mean that we use a non-probability sampling method by conducting a mobile survey?

There are some Hakka communities in Hong Kong with traditional marriage culture. We hope to organize an online cultural show to promote diverse cultural traditions. After the show, we plan to coll ...

8th October, 2021
I noticed that many self-help organizations in the community are established by women. Can I say that women are more capable of self-help?

I noticed that many self-help organizations in the community are established by women. Can I say that women are more capable of self-help?

8th October, 2021
Hi, I wonder, is it acceptable to use participant observation as a method to collect data in a community self-help organization?

Hi, I wonder, is it acceptable to use participant observation as a method to collect data in a community self-help organization?

8th October, 2021
Hello, how could I examine the associations between the sense of community and well-being in SPSS?

Hello, how could I examine the associations between the sense of community and well-being in SPSS?

8th October, 2021
Promoting social inclusion is one of the central tasks in community development. I hope to find a valid scale measuring sense of belonging in the community of people living in rented housing. Could anyone kindly help me with it?

Promoting social inclusion is one of the central tasks in community development. I hope to find a valid scale measuring sense of belonging in the community of people living in rented housing. Coul ...

8th October, 2021
I found that art workshops really have a magic influence on the mind. I am happy to tell you that ethnic minority students are making friends with Chinese-origin students. When I am writing the evaluation results, s it counted as a short-term or long-term impact?

I found that art workshops really have a magic influence on the mind. I am happy to tell you that ethnic minority students are making friends with Chinese-origin students. When I am writing the ev ...

8th October, 2021
Our center focuses on the social participation of ethnic minorities. We recently have developed afterschool art workshops that have both students of Chinese origin and ethnic minorities. Where can we put the recruitment post to attract more participants?

Our center focuses on the social participation of ethnic minorities. We recently have developed afterschool art workshops that have both students of Chinese origin and ethnic minorities. Where can ...

8th October, 2021
Hi there, can I calculate the mean scores of all subscales in the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale to represent different aspects of social support?

Hi there, can I calculate the mean scores of all subscales in the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale to represent different aspects of social support?

8th October, 2021
Hi, I am looking for a scale that can measure the perceived support in the neighborhood. Do you have any recommendations, please?

Hi, I am looking for a scale that can measure the perceived support in the neighborhood. Do you have any recommendations, please?

8th October, 2021
After surveying among unemployed persons in our community, if we further hope to listen to their voices about experiences in the pandemic, could we use in-depth interviews?

After surveying among unemployed persons in our community, if we further hope to listen to their voices about experiences in the pandemic, could we use in-depth interviews?

8th October, 2021
Community economic development is a crucial means of supporting the disadvantaged. We want to survey the unemployed residents who have low work intentions in the community. What kind of sampling method is it?

Community economic development is a crucial means of supporting the disadvantaged. We want to survey the unemployed residents who have low work intentions in the community. What kind of sampling m ...

8th October, 2021
Our community has a large proportion of new arrivals from mainland China. It seems Facebook and Instagram are not that popular among new arrivals. May I seek your help with this matter?

Our community has a large proportion of new arrivals from mainland China. It seems Facebook and Instagram are not that popular among new arrivals. May I seek your help with this matter?

8th October, 2021
The self-help practices in neighborhood communities include making cloth face masks during the pandemic. Our center wants to mobilize more social resources in joining this practice. Would you please advise us on the media strategy?

The self-help practices in neighborhood communities include making cloth face masks during the pandemic. Our center wants to mobilize more social resources in joining this practice. Would you plea ...

8th October, 2021
Some of the online community engagement participants are children. Shall I seek their parents’ consent as well?

Some of the online community engagement participants are children. Shall I seek their parents’ consent as well?

8th October, 2021
Under the pandemic, community development projects play a significant role, including online community engagement during the lockdown. Is it ethical to record online activities without informing participants?

Under the pandemic, community development projects play a significant role, including online community engagement during the lockdown. Is it ethical to record online activities without informing p ...

8th October, 2021
Hi, I am wondering if it is appropriate to use an online survey in cottage areas?

Hi, I am wondering if it is appropriate to use an online survey in cottage areas?

8th October, 2021
May I ask what kind of deprived communities are there in Hong Kong?

May I ask what kind of deprived communities are there in Hong Kong?

8th October, 2021
Then how can I spot unengaged answers in a questionnaire?

Then how can I spot unengaged answers in a questionnaire?

8th October, 2021
I designed a questionnaire for surveying community satisfaction. But many participants have chosen “don’t know” in answers. Some even have ticked “don’t know” answers for most of the questions. How could that be?

I designed a questionnaire for surveying community satisfaction. But many participants have chosen “don’t know” in answers. Some even have ticked “don’t know” answers for most of the questions. Ho ...

8th October, 2021
Hi, when I use the interviewer-conducting survey for evaluating our community program, we have noticed that many participants would avoid speaking badly of our services. Will it cause errors in the survey?

Hi, when I use the interviewer-conducting survey for evaluating our community program, we have noticed that many participants would avoid speaking badly of our services. Will it cause errors in th ...

7th October, 2021
Some of my participants in the community support program have low education levels and cannot complete the questionnaire independently. May I ask your suggestion on that?

Some of my participants in the community support program have low education levels and cannot complete the questionnaire independently. May I ask your suggestion on that?

7th October, 2021
I see the MEL website provides materials for creative communication strategies. Could you please kindly recommend a creative communication strategy in community development services?

I see the MEL website provides materials for creative communication strategies. Could you please kindly recommend a creative communication strategy in community development services?

7th October, 2021
When holding a press conference about housing inequality in Hong Kong, I often see people who live in subdivided apartments being invited as guest speakers. What is the function of inviting them?

When holding a press conference about housing inequality in Hong Kong, I often see people who live in subdivided apartments being invited as guest speakers. What is the function of inviting them?< ...

7th October, 2021
Speaking of raising public awareness of community development, what strategies could be also useful?

Speaking of raising public awareness of community development, what strategies could be also useful?

7th October, 2021
As Caritas has surveyed grassroots families’ situations amidst the pandemic using convenience sampling, may I ask the benefit of adopting convenience sampling in a program evaluation?

As Caritas has surveyed grassroots families’ situations amidst the pandemic using convenience sampling, may I ask the benefit of adopting convenience sampling in a program evaluation?

7th October, 2021
Following the previous posts, shall we always adopt probability sampling methods in social work surveys or program evaluation?

Following the previous posts, shall we always adopt probability sampling methods in social work surveys or program evaluation?

7th October, 2021
Caritas’ survey about grassroots families used convenience sampling. I wonder if convenience sampling could represent the general situation of grassroots families in Hong Kong?

Caritas’ survey about grassroots families used convenience sampling. I wonder if convenience sampling could represent the general situation of grassroots families in Hong Kong?

7th October, 2021
I also find that a lot of close-ended questions are included in Caritas’ community development report. Now that open-ended questions have such an advantage, why do evaluators still use close-ended questions?

I also find that a lot of close-ended questions are included in Caritas’ community development report. Now that open-ended questions have such an advantage, why do evaluators still use close-ended ...

6th October, 2021
Hello, when I read about the report of Hong Kong Caritas Community Development Service in 2020, I notice that they have used many open-ended questions. May I ask what the advantages of using open-ended questions are during program evaluation?

Hello, when I read about the report of Hong Kong Caritas Community Development Service in 2020, I notice that they have used many open-ended questions. May I ask what the advantages of using open- ...

6th October, 2021
We hope to compare the emotional well-being between ethnic minority children and Chinese ethnicity children in Yuen Long District. Can we generalize the result to other districts in Hong Kong?

We hope to compare the emotional well-being between ethnic minority children and Chinese ethnicity children in Yuen Long District. Can we generalize the result to other districts in Hong Kong?

6th October, 2021
Is there any good tool to visualize the survey result? Take our research topic as an example, the social exclusion and emotional well-being of ethnic minority children in Hong Kong?

Is there any good tool to visualize the survey result? Take our research topic as an example, the social exclusion and emotional well-being of ethnic minority children in Hong Kong?

6th October, 2021
Following the previous post, shall we visualize the results in the social media account to make it more readable?

Following the previous post, shall we visualize the results in the social media account to make it more readable?

6th October, 2021
Our agency has surveyed the social exclusion situation of ethnic minority children in Hong Kong. To make our survey results more influential, what media strategy shall we employ?

Our agency has surveyed the social exclusion situation of ethnic minority children in Hong Kong. To make our survey results more influential, what media strategy shall we employ?

6th October, 2021
May I ask something about writing an evaluation report? What are the key components?

May I ask something about writing an evaluation report? What are the key components?

6th October, 2021
Following the previous post, do you have any recommended journals for preparing an evaluation manuscript?

Following the previous post, do you have any recommended journals for preparing an evaluation manuscript?

6th October, 2021
Our team of family services has just completed an evaluation report. Can we send it to academic journals?

Our team of family services has just completed an evaluation report. Can we send it to academic journals?

6th October, 2021
Hello, MEL fellows. Do you think we need to plan how to evaluate from the beginning of a service?

Hello, MEL fellows. Do you think we need to plan how to evaluate from the beginning of a service?

6th October, 2021
Following the previous post, is there any point that I should note when collecting social demographic information?

Following the previous post, is there any point that I should note when collecting social demographic information?

6th October, 2021
I am a school social worker and plan to design a parent education program. In the stage of need assessment, shall I collect social demographic information?

I am a school social worker and plan to design a parent education program. In the stage of need assessment, shall I collect social demographic information?

6th October, 2021
Following the previous post, I cannot find the address of the refuge centers for women, could you help me with that?

Following the previous post, I cannot find the address of the refuge centers for women, could you help me with that?

6th October, 2021
Hi, MEL. I wonder how many refuge centers for women are there in Hong Kong?

Hi, MEL. I wonder how many refuge centers for women are there in Hong Kong?

6th October, 2021
I find out that a total of 710 victims of family violence were served from 2019 to 2020. I am not sure whether the data should be viewed as an output or outcome?

I find out that a total of 710 victims of family violence were served from 2019 to 2020. I am not sure whether the data should be viewed as an output or outcome?

6th October, 2021
Hi. I hope to examine the effect of peer groups on supporting family violence victims. Which NGO shall I go to for more information?

Hi. I hope to examine the effect of peer groups on supporting family violence victims. Which NGO shall I go to for more information?

6th October, 2021
I have learned the term “cost-benefit analysis (CBA)” in MEL training, but I did not get it very well. Could you please elaborate on the concept a bit more?

I have learned the term “cost-benefit analysis (CBA)” in MEL training, but I did not get it very well. Could you please elaborate on the concept a bit more?

6th October, 2021
To evaluate the quality of the Neighborhood Support Child Care Project, what types of data do we need?

To evaluate the quality of the Neighborhood Support Child Care Project, what types of data do we need?

6th October, 2021
Could you please tell me the nature of the cost-benefit analysis?

Could you please tell me the nature of the cost-benefit analysis?

6th October, 2021
The SWD has planned to enhance long-term childcare services. What types of evaluation might be appropriate to determine the cost and benefit?

The SWD has planned to enhance long-term childcare services. What types of evaluation might be appropriate to determine the cost and benefit?

6th October, 2021
Besides the figures about child care services, I also want to explore the experiences of service users. Which evaluation method shall I employ?

Besides the figures about child care services, I also want to explore the experiences of service users. Which evaluation method shall I employ?

6th October, 2021
Hi. I want to compare the manning ratios of childcare workers between children aged 0-2 and 2-3 years. Do you know where I can find the relevant information?

Hi. I want to compare the manning ratios of childcare workers between children aged 0-2 and 2-3 years. Do you know where I can find the relevant information?

6th October, 2021
What kind of services would the outreaching teams provide for ethnic minorities?

What kind of services would the outreaching teams provide for ethnic minorities?

6th October, 2021
Are there any family services for ethnic minorities in Hong Kong?

Are there any family services for ethnic minorities in Hong Kong?

6th October, 2021
Following the previous question, if the correlation coefficient is close to 1, does it mean there is a strong correlation between the two variables?

Following the previous question, if the correlation coefficient is close to 1, does it mean there is a strong correlation between the two variables?

6th October, 2021
Hello. When I was doing a correlation test about age and depression among middle school children, I found the correlation coefficient value is 0.6. What does it mean?

Hello. When I was doing a correlation test about age and depression among middle school children, I found the correlation coefficient value is 0.6. What does it mean?

6th October, 2021
Following the previous post, I am not familiar with SPSS. How can I perform the chi-square test in SPSS?

Following the previous post, I am not familiar with SPSS. How can I perform the chi-square test in SPSS?

5th October, 2021
Could you please give an example of how to use the chi-square test in an after-school activity program evaluation?

Could you please give an example of how to use the chi-square test in an after-school activity program evaluation?

5th October, 2021
I want to know more about the function of the Chi-square test in program evaluation. Could you give me a clue?

I want to know more about the function of the Chi-square test in program evaluation. Could you give me a clue?

5th October, 2021
Could you please kindly explain in more detail about the chi-square test?

Could you please kindly explain in more detail about the chi-square test?

5th October, 2021
I hope to examine the participation in a child welfare program is gender-imbalanced or not. What kind of test can I use?

I hope to examine the participation in a child welfare program is gender-imbalanced or not. What kind of test can I use?

5th October, 2021
Hello. I am struggling with choosing a research method. Could you please tell me the advantages of using qualitative data in program evaluation?

Hello. I am struggling with choosing a research method. Could you please tell me the advantages of using qualitative data in program evaluation?

5th October, 2021
I cannot determine why the drop-out students’ program does not work out as expected based on our quantitative evaluations. Could you please give me some alternative advice?

I cannot determine why the drop-out students’ program does not work out as expected based on our quantitative evaluations. Could you please give me some alternative advice?

5th October, 2021
Could you please kindly tell me what the basic types of quantitative data are?

Could you please kindly tell me what the basic types of quantitative data are?

5th October, 2021
Following the previous post, given that we have rejected the null hypothesis, does it mean the group intervention on young mothers is effective?

Following the previous post, given that we have rejected the null hypothesis, does it mean the group intervention on young mothers is effective?

5th October, 2021
If I am measuring the life satisfaction of a group of young mothers, and I find the t-test score of pre and post-test is slightly greater than 1.96, I wonder if this result rejects the null hypothesis?

If I am measuring the life satisfaction of a group of young mothers, and I find the t-test score of pre and post-test is slightly greater than 1.96, I wonder if this result rejects the null hypoth ...

5th October, 2021
I wonder if after conducting the mean comparison of pre- and post-tests, I find the p-value is large than 0.05. Then what does it mean?

I wonder if after conducting the mean comparison of pre- and post-tests, I find the p-value is large than 0.05. Then what does it mean?

5th October, 2021
In a new-immigrant mother group, I hope to compare the means scores of depressive symptoms before and after the intervention. I wonder which type of t-test I shall use?

In a new-immigrant mother group, I hope to compare the means scores of depressive symptoms before and after the intervention. I wonder which type of t-test I shall use?

5th October, 2021
Following the previous post, if I am going to conduct an independent sample t-test with SPSS, where should I go for the command?

Following the previous post, if I am going to conduct an independent sample t-test with SPSS, where should I go for the command?

5th October, 2021
Hello. I want to compare the means of two groups, which are the parent-child relationships of the working mothers and those with full-time mothers. I wonder which type of t-test should be used in such a case?

Hello. I want to compare the means of two groups, which are the parent-child relationships of the working mothers and those with full-time mothers. I wonder which type of t-test should be used in ...

20th September, 2021
Following the previous post, suppose we have measured the stress level of hidden youth before the pandemic and conduct the same survey one year later and find out there is a decrease in scores. Can we say that the pandemic reduces hidden youth’s stress levels?

Following the previous post, suppose we have measured the stress level of hidden youth before the pandemic and conduct the same survey one year later and find out there is a decrease in scores. Ca ...

20th September, 2021
Hi, I am afraid I disagree with a previous post that “the pandemic will worsen hidden youth’s situation.” You see, now everyone is asked to stay at home, and hidden youth no longer face pressure from their parents or society to go out, which might reduce their stress level.

Hi, I am afraid I disagree with a previous post that “the pandemic will worsen hidden youth’s situation.” You see, now everyone is asked to stay at home, and hidden youth no longer face pressure f ...

20th September, 2021
Following the previous post, we have used the snowball sampling method and asked the interviewees to introduce their “hidden” peers who would like to accept the interview. But will it have an issue of generalizability?

Following the previous post, we have used the snowball sampling method and asked the interviewees to introduce their “hidden” peers who would like to accept the interview. But will it have an issu ...

20th September, 2021
The outbreak of coronavirus pandemic and social distancing measures might make “hidden youth” even more isolated from society. Our center’s cyber outreaching team is considering online engaging those youth and look for participants who would like to accept interviews. May I ask which sampling method is the most appropriate?

The outbreak of coronavirus pandemic and social distancing measures might make “hidden youth” even more isolated from society. Our center’s cyber outreaching team is considering online engaging th ...

20th September, 2021
Hello, I find a scale measuring loneliness that has not been used in Hong Kong among older adults. Can I translate it by myself? And then use it in my program evaluation?

Hello, I find a scale measuring loneliness that has not been used in Hong Kong among older adults. Can I translate it by myself? And then use it in my program evaluation?

20th September, 2021
Following the previous post, is it ethical to make one group of older adults not having virtual visits while the others can? Any solutions for this?

Following the previous post, is it ethical to make one group of older adults not having virtual visits while the others can? Any solutions for this?

20th September, 2021
Under the chronic pandemic, older persons in residential care might feel increasing loneliness as family members cannot visit them in person. I see a news report that some residential homes have used robots for virtual visits, hence I plan to compare the loneliness levels of older persons between those who virtual visits and those who do not. What kind of research design can I employ?

Under the chronic pandemic, older persons in residential care might feel increasing loneliness as family members cannot visit them in person. I see a news report that some residential homes have u ...

28th August, 2021
Hi MEL, I wonder is there any suicide prevention service in Hong Kong?

Hi MEL, I wonder is there any suicide prevention service in Hong Kong?

28th August, 2021
Following the previous question, how can I prevent such odd data from occurring in the future?

Following the previous question, how can I prevent such odd data from occurring in the future?

27th August, 2021
Dear MEL professionals, would you please help me out with the odd data? For example, in a survey about low-income parents, the column of age has some strange values, such as 120.

Dear MEL professionals, would you please help me out with the odd data? For example, in a survey about low-income parents, the column of age has some strange values, such as 120.

27th August, 2021
Where can I find the list of SSCI journals in the field of child welfare?

Where can I find the list of SSCI journals in the field of child welfare?

27th August, 2021
As I am searching for some scholarly articles about “child abuse”, would you kindly recommend some journals targeting this topic?

As I am searching for some scholarly articles about “child abuse”, would you kindly recommend some journals targeting this topic?

27th August, 2021
I wonder, is there anything I need to pay special attention to when using agency data?

I wonder, is there anything I need to pay special attention to when using agency data?

27th August, 2021
I am working for an Integrated Family Service Centre (IFSC). I wonder what types of agency data can be used for program evaluation?

I am working for an Integrated Family Service Centre (IFSC). I wonder what types of agency data can be used for program evaluation?

27th August, 2021
Would you please kindly recommend a scale with validation to measure parenting stress?

Would you please kindly recommend a scale with validation to measure parenting stress?

27th August, 2021
When collecting data from students aged below 18-year-old in Hong Kong, do I need to obtain informed consent from their parent(s) after getting their consent?

When collecting data from students aged below 18-year-old in Hong Kong, do I need to obtain informed consent from their parent(s) after getting their consent?

27th August, 2021
In a parent education group, I hope to examine the effectiveness of the intervention. Shall I do both pre-test and post-test?

In a parent education group, I hope to examine the effectiveness of the intervention. Shall I do both pre-test and post-test?

27th August, 2021
Is it feasible that I apply self-administrated questionnaires to primary students?

Is it feasible that I apply self-administrated questionnaires to primary students?

27th August, 2021
In the field of child welfare services, how can I train data collection personnel?

In the field of child welfare services, how can I train data collection personnel?

27th August, 2021
Could you please share some techniques with me regarding quality control of data collection?

Could you please share some techniques with me regarding quality control of data collection?

27th August, 2021
Following the previous post, could you please recommend some references about the need assessment of intimate partner violence?

Following the previous post, could you please recommend some references about the need assessment of intimate partner violence?

27th August, 2021
The needs of people suffering from intimate partner violence could be complex. If I want to provide service for them, where can I start?

The needs of people suffering from intimate partner violence could be complex. If I want to provide service for them, where can I start?

27th August, 2021
I only find a few participants who agree to accept my interview concerning sexual violence. What could I do? I am running out of ideas.

I only find a few participants who agree to accept my interview concerning sexual violence. What could I do? I am running out of ideas.

27th August, 2021
Following the prior post, can I start with a meta-analysis or systematic view in probing child neglect? Someone told me it might save time.

Following the prior post, can I start with a meta-analysis or systematic view in probing child neglect? Someone told me it might save time.

27th August, 2021
Do you think the random surveying method would be suitable for the potential participants who had experienced sexual abuse?

Do you think the random surveying method would be suitable for the potential participants who had experienced sexual abuse?

26th August, 2021
Child neglect and child abuse are so similar that I could not distinguish them by their literal meaning. However, I hope I could use one in my evaluation report. Could you help me out, please?

Child neglect and child abuse are so similar that I could not distinguish them by their literal meaning. However, I hope I could use one in my evaluation report. Could you help me out, please?

26th August, 2021
How can I find the background information about the divorce rate in Hong Kong? Could you please kindly help me with it?

How can I find the background information about the divorce rate in Hong Kong? Could you please kindly help me with it?

26th August, 2021
Hello MEL fellows, I happen to know there are specialized co-parenting support centers in Hong Kong. Could you please kindly tell me more information about it?

Hello MEL fellows, I happen to know there are specialized co-parenting support centers in Hong Kong. Could you please kindly tell me more information about it?

26th August, 2021
The COVID-19 has led to a long-time separation of many cross-boundary families. I hope to interview some of the family members in Mainland China. Can I use purposive sampling as a method for data collection?

The COVID-19 has led to a long-time separation of many cross-boundary families. I hope to interview some of the family members in Mainland China. Can I use purposive sampling as a method for data ...

26th August, 2021
Do you know of any subvented organization that provides cross-boundary social services for families residing separately in Hong Kong and the mainland?

Do you know of any subvented organization that provides cross-boundary social services for families residing separately in Hong Kong and the mainland?

26th August, 2021
Following the previous post, suppose I want to conduct an evaluation related to suicide prevention, could I have the information about persons the SCIC has helped?

Following the previous post, suppose I want to conduct an evaluation related to suicide prevention, could I have the information about persons the SCIC has helped?

26th August, 2021
Hi I wonder since emotional well-being is not observable directly, could we construct it as a kind of latent construct?

Hi I wonder since emotional well-being is not observable directly, could we construct it as a kind of latent construct?

26th August, 2021
Hi, I notice there is a support program for enhancing peaceable relationships for intimate partners by SWD. I wonder which outcome variable would be appropriate to measure the impact of the program?

Hi, I notice there is a support program for enhancing peaceable relationships for intimate partners by SWD. I wonder which outcome variable would be appropriate to measure the impact of the progra ...

26th August, 2021
Hi, I realized that it seems the concept “outcome” is different from the term “output”. Taking the grandparent training project as an example, what is the “outcome’ referable?

Hi, I realized that it seems the concept "outcome" is different from the term "output". Taking the grandparent training project as an example, what is the “outcome’ referable?

26th August, 2021
I heard that the Social Welfare Department has launched a training project for grandparents caring for grandchildren. Applying the logic model, what counts as the output of this grandparent training project?

I heard that the Social Welfare Department has launched a training project for grandparents caring for grandchildren. Applying the logic model, what counts as the output of this grandparent traini ...

26th August, 2021
Some argue that children in family care can receive better care compared with those in institutional care. I am not sure about this conclusion and hope I can find more information about this topic by myself. What can I start with?

Some argue that children in family care can receive better care compared with those in institutional care. I am not sure about this conclusion and hope I can find more information about this topic ...

26th August, 2021
Hi, I want to compare the emotional well-being of children adopted, by foster care, and those by institutional care. Can I use ANOVA to compare the mean scores?

Hi, I want to compare the emotional well-being of children adopted, by foster care, and those by institutional care. Can I use ANOVA to compare the mean scores?

26th August, 2021
Hi we are trying to conduct a case study for adoption services in Hong Kong. Would you please recommend a typical NGO in this field to us?

Hi we are trying to conduct a case study for adoption services in Hong Kong. Would you please recommend a typical NGO in this field to us?

26th August, 2021
May I know the background of children for adoption in Hong Kong?

May I know the background of children for adoption in Hong Kong?

26th August, 2021
Hello, I am still very confused about the logic of cost-benefit analysis. Could you please tell me the rationale for the cost-benefit analysis?

Hello, I am still very confused about the logic of cost-benefit analysis. Could you please tell me the rationale for the cost-benefit analysis?

26th August, 2021
From the cost-benefit perspective, I now understand why there should be financial flows and economic effects of school social work services after viewing it.

From the cost-benefit perspective, I now understand why there should be financial flows and economic effects of school social work services after viewing it.

26th August, 2021
Furthermore, when do we usually use the chi-square test as an inferential test?

Furthermore, when do we usually use the chi-square test as an inferential test?

26th August, 2021
If I want to test whether boys and girls differ in the use of school social work services, can I use the chi-square test?

If I want to test whether boys and girls differ in the use of school social work services, can I use the chi-square test?

26th August, 2021
Hi I am trying to construct the hypothesis regarding the relationship between child abuse and family functioning, I wonder if it is better to use the term “association” if I assume the relationship is not linear?

Hi I am trying to construct the hypothesis regarding the relationship between child abuse and family functioning, I wonder if it is better to use the term “association” if I assume the relationshi ...

26th August, 2021
Could you please help me differentiate the two terms, correlation and association?

Could you please help me differentiate the two terms, correlation and association?

26th August, 2021
Following the prior post, could I use time on the horizontal axis in line graphs and family resilience on the vertical axis to see family resilience changes over time?

Following the prior post, could I use time on the horizontal axis in line graphs and family resilience on the vertical axis to see family resilience changes over time?

26th August, 2021
Hello, could you please kindly give me a clue about what line graphs function?

Hello, could you please kindly give me a clue about what line graphs function?

24th August, 2021
Suppose I designing a graph to present the caregiving hours among Hong Kong parents. Can I use the caregiving hour as the X-axis and frequency as the Y-axis?

Suppose I designing a graph to present the caregiving hours among Hong Kong parents. Can I use the caregiving hour as the X-axis and frequency as the Y-axis?

24th August, 2021
Histograms look like graphs. What is the key difference between those two?

Histograms look like graphs. What is the key difference between those two?

24th August, 2021
Following the prior post, could you please give me a clue that if a bar graph is suitable for displaying the education levels of parents?

Following the prior post, could you please give me a clue that if a bar graph is suitable for displaying the education levels of parents?

24th August, 2021
I wonder, can I use graphs to illustrate the evaluation findings?

I wonder, can I use graphs to illustrate the evaluation findings?

24th August, 2021
Could you please illustrate the concepts of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics? Taken the field of family studies as an example.

Could you please illustrate the concepts of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics? Taken the field of family studies as an example.

24th August, 2021
Hi May I ask how many types of statistics are there?

Hi May I ask how many types of statistics are there?

24th August, 2021
Following the previous post, take one of the questions as an example, “Are you receiving any monetary assistance from the welfare department?” the answers are “yes” and “no.” How can I code the variable then?

Following the previous post, take one of the questions as an example, “Are you receiving any monetary assistance from the welfare department?” the answers are “yes” and “no.” How can I code the va ...

24th August, 2021
Hi! Could you please give me a clue about the coding of variables? Is it true that the codes form before the survey takes place?

Hi! Could you please give me a clue about the coding of variables? Is it true that the codes form before the survey takes place?

24th August, 2021
Following the previous cost, what if some of my respondents refuses to corporate with us in the interview? Does it mean my evaluation fail…

Following the previous cost, what if some of my respondents refuses to corporate with us in the interview? Does it mean my evaluation fail...

24th August, 2021
Dear MEL professionals, in my interviews with family crisis victims, I have encountered some challenges. I really need your assistance… For example, one of the interviewees asked, “why did you pick me?” How could I respond?

Dear MEL professionals, in my interviews with family crisis victims, I have encountered some challenges. I really need your assistance… For example, one of the interviewees asked, “why did you pic ...

24th August, 2021
Hi I met a program. I was conducting the telephone survey about community satisfaction, some respondents refused to answer some questions in the questionnaire. In that case, shall I increase the sample size?

Hi I met a program. I was conducting the telephone survey about community satisfaction, some respondents refused to answer some questions in the questionnaire. In that case, shall I increase the s ...

24th August, 2021
Hi, I hope to conduct a community satisfaction survey via telephone. How can I decide the sample size?

Hi, I hope to conduct a community satisfaction survey via telephone. How can I decide the sample size?

24th August, 2021
Would you give me a clue about …like…when estimating the sample size, what shall we pay attention to?

Would you give me a clue about …like…when estimating the sample size, what shall we pay attention to?

24th August, 2021
Hi I am trying to check my evaluation proposal. Could you please help me with the double confirmation? In a mail survey about low-income households, will the survey fail to reach some sampling units?

Hi I am trying to check my evaluation proposal. Could you please help me with the double confirmation? In a mail survey about low-income households, will the survey fail to reach some sampling uni ...

24th August, 2021
Following the previous post, if I conduct a program evaluation about the kindergarten social work service, and it is ongoing, then I can say that it is a summative evaluation.

Following the previous post, if I conduct a program evaluation about the kindergarten social work service, and it is ongoing, then I can say that it is a summative evaluation.

24th August, 2021
Hi, could you please kindly tell me the definition of summative evaluation? I am trying to understand it.

Hi, could you please kindly tell me the definition of summative evaluation? I am trying to understand it.

23rd August, 2021
To explore the social detriments of health inequality, shall we use quantitative or qualitative methods?

To explore the social detriments of health inequality, shall we use quantitative or qualitative methods?

23rd August, 2021
Hello. I understand that when measuring poverty, the traditional approach is income-based while neglecting the outcomes. So, I wonder, is there an alternative approach to measure poverty?

Hello. I understand that when measuring poverty, the traditional approach is income-based while neglecting the outcomes. So, I wonder, is there an alternative approach to measure poverty?

23rd August, 2021
Following the previous post, I wonder in the pre-primary institutions, if we hope to provide social work services, why doing a pilot test is so important?

Following the previous post, I wonder in the pre-primary institutions, if we hope to provide social work services, why doing a pilot test is so important?

23rd August, 2021
We plan to do a regional-wide survey about people in poverty. I wonder if we have finished the design and implementation of the study, then what shall we do with the data collected?

We plan to do a regional-wide survey about people in poverty. I wonder if we have finished the design and implementation of the study, then what shall we do with the data collected?

23rd August, 2021
Pilot studies always sound expensive and time-consuming. I wonder what the purpose of conducting pilot studies is in launching a new program?

Pilot studies always sound expensive and time-consuming. I wonder what the purpose of conducting pilot studies is in launching a new program?

23rd August, 2021
Take the kindergarten social work program as an example, could you please kindly name the stakeholders consisting in this program?

Take the kindergarten social work program as an example, could you please kindly name the stakeholders consisting in this program?

23rd August, 2021
I wonder in Hong Kong, are there any social work services in kindergarten?

I wonder in Hong Kong, are there any social work services in kindergarten?

23rd August, 2021
The Multi-dimensional Child Well-being Scale (MCWBS) adopts a 5-point Likert scale. Does it mean it measures a latent variable?

The Multi-dimensional Child Well-being Scale (MCWBS) adopts a 5-point Likert scale. Does it mean it measures a latent variable?

23rd August, 2021
The issue of child poverty may affect their developmental outcomes. Would you please recommend a valid scale that can measure multi-dimensional child well-being?

The issue of child poverty may affect their developmental outcomes. Would you please recommend a valid scale that can measure multi-dimensional child well-being?

23rd August, 2021
I am reading about the result of the correlation test, it shows that the p-value is less than 0.001. Does it mean there is a correlation?

I am reading about the result of the correlation test, it shows that the p-value is less than 0.001. Does it mean there is a correlation?

23rd August, 2021
I hope to examine housing factors’ correlation with social exclusion in Hong Kong. Which data analysis strategy would you recommend?

I hope to examine housing factors’ correlation with social exclusion in Hong Kong. Which data analysis strategy would you recommend?

23rd August, 2021
If I am going to run a post-program focus group of a health promotion program among grassroots families, whom shall I engage?

If I am going to run a post-program focus group of a health promotion program among grassroots families, whom shall I engage?

20th August, 2021
With the use of secondary data, I find it very convenient and cheap. However, some of the measures are not included. May I seek your suggestions about it?

With the use of secondary data, I find it very convenient and cheap. However, some of the measures are not included. May I seek your suggestions about it?

20th August, 2021
Hi MEL professionals, may I seek your help with the use of secondary data? As I am searching background information of Old Age Allowance (eligible for persons aged 70 years or above), where can I find the number of people aged 70 years or above?

Hi MEL professionals, may I seek your help with the use of secondary data? As I am searching background information of Old Age Allowance (eligible for persons aged 70 years or above), where can I ...

20th August, 2021
Following the previous post, what else shall I pay attention to in a mail survey?

Following the previous post, what else shall I pay attention to in a mail survey?

20th August, 2021
I am planning to have a survey about Old Age Living Allowance among older adults in Hong Kong. Do you think the mail distribution survey a good idea?

I am planning to have a survey about Old Age Living Allowance among older adults in Hong Kong. Do you think the mail distribution survey a good idea?

20th August, 2021
I have designed a large-scale survey about the life satisfaction of low-income families in Hong Kong. Is it appropriate to use the electronic survey through mobile phones?

I have designed a large-scale survey about the life satisfaction of low-income families in Hong Kong. Is it appropriate to use the electronic survey through mobile phones?

20th August, 2021
Hello. Dr. MEL, I understand face-to-face is always recommended, however, I wonder if I could use a telephone survey to collect data for older adults who receive CSSA? It will help save time and energy.

Hello. Dr. MEL, I understand face-to-face is always recommended, however, I wonder if I could use a telephone survey to collect data for older adults who receive CSSA? It will help save time and e ...

20th August, 2021
For different age groups of low-income individuals, I plan to use quota sampling to ensure that the sample is in proportion to their prevalence in the study population. Is it the correct way?

For different age groups of low-income individuals, I plan to use quota sampling to ensure that the sample is in proportion to their prevalence in the study population. Is it the correct way?

20th August, 2021
What is the advantage and disadvantage of convenience sampling?

What is the advantage and disadvantage of convenience sampling?

20th August, 2021
We are evaluating the effect of public education on elderly protection in Hong Kong. Could you please tell me what people are expected to do if they suspect that an elderly person is subject to abuse?

We are evaluating the effect of public education on elderly protection in Hong Kong. Could you please tell me what people are expected to do if they suspect that an elderly person is subject to abuse?

20th August, 2021
Deal MEL Institute, we are designing an evaluation program on the home care needs of frail older adults in Hong Kong. May I know how older adults can apply for Integrated Home Care Services?

Deal MEL Institute, we are designing an evaluation program on the home care needs of frail older adults in Hong Kong. May I know how older adults can apply for Integrated Home Care Services?

20th August, 2021
I’d like to know more about the integrated home care service for older adults with severe impairment in Hong Kong. Would you please help me with this?

I’d like to know more about the integrated home care service for older adults with severe impairment in Hong Kong. Would you please help me with this?

20th August, 2021
We are evaluating the home care services in Hong Kong. May I ask the target groups of the integrated home care services team?

We are evaluating the home care services in Hong Kong. May I ask the target groups of the integrated home care services team?

20th August, 2021
Follow the previous question, would you also please tell me how older adults could receive the services from Enhanced Home and Community Care Services?

Follow the previous question, would you also please tell me how older adults could receive the services from Enhanced Home and Community Care Services?

20th August, 2021
I’ve heard about the Enhanced Home and Community Care Services (EHCCS) before, but not totally understand. Therefore, I wonder if you could elaborate a bit more about this service?

I’ve heard about the Enhanced Home and Community Care Services (EHCCS) before, but not totally understand. Therefore, I wonder if you could elaborate a bit more about this service?

20th August, 2021
Hi, MEL Institute. May I ask how exactly people can get access to the RCHE service? And what’s the concrete implementing scheme of residential respite service?

Hi, MEL Institute. May I ask how exactly people can get access to the RCHE service? And what’s the concrete implementing scheme of residential respite service?

20th August, 2021
I understand that one thing that we need to focus on in evaluation is the effect of the program. Could you please tell me more about the effectiveness of residential respite service? Is it true that older adults can get as much RCHE service as they want in HK?

I understand that one thing that we need to focus on in evaluation is the effect of the program. Could you please tell me more about the effectiveness of residential respite service? Is it true th ...

20th August, 2021
It’s also of great importance to know the policy delivery when we are carrying out a program evaluation. May I know the institutions that offer residential respite service in Hong Kong?

It’s also of great importance to know the policy delivery when we are carrying out a program evaluation. May I know the institutions that offer residential respite service in Hong Kong?

20th August, 2021
I’ve learned that one important issue in evaluation is about how to set the goal of the program. Could you please explain the goal of the Residential Respite Service in Hong Kong?

I’ve learned that one important issue in evaluation is about how to set the goal of the program. Could you please explain the goal of the Residential Respite Service in Hong Kong?

20th August, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, we are evaluating the needs of elderly carers in Hong Kong. And we found when the family couldn’t look after the older adult for some reason, they usually got such and had no idea about what to do next. Could you please tell me some support services for this situation? Whom can the carers turn to for help?

Dear MEL Institute, we are evaluating the needs of elderly carers in Hong Kong. And we found when the family couldn’t look after the older adult for some reason, they usually got such and had no i ...

20th August, 2021
I wonder if you kindly give me some information about how to apply for the licensing of a proposed residential care home for the elderly?

I wonder if you kindly give me some information about how to apply for the licensing of a proposed residential care home for the elderly?

20th August, 2021
I found that most family caregivers do need brief respites from heavy caring responsibilities, which are necessary to both the carers and the older adults. Is it possible for carers to get free respite services from the centers listed above?

I found that most family caregivers do need brief respites from heavy caring responsibilities, which are necessary to both the carers and the older adults. Is it possible for carers to get free re ...

20th August, 2021
Our organization is invited to carry out an evaluation on support services for elderly carers. I hope to know, is there a counseling service for carers when they meet with problems?

Our organization is invited to carry out an evaluation on support services for elderly carers. I hope to know, is there a counseling service for carers when they meet with problems?

20th August, 2021
I’m interested in the carers support service in HK. Could you please give me a clue about the definition?

I’m interested in the carers support service in HK. Could you please give me a clue about the definition?

20th August, 2021
I’ve met some volunteers who want to care for vulnerable older adults. Can they join the Support Team for the Elderly?

I’ve met some volunteers who want to care for vulnerable older adults. Can they join the Support Team for the Elderly?

20th August, 2021
Speaking of the public education on elderly people with dementia, could you please elaborate a bit more about the measures?

Speaking of the public education on elderly people with dementia, could you please elaborate a bit more about the measures?

20th August, 2021
May I ask what kind of actions we could adopt to support older adults with dementia in elderly community centers or daycare centers or neighborhood elderly centers?

May I ask what kind of actions we could adopt to support older adults with dementia in elderly community centers or daycare centers or neighborhood elderly centers?

20th August, 2021
I’m writing a proposal on services for older adults with dementia in daycare centers/integrated home care services (IHCS) or community care services (EHSS). But I am not sure whether it is necessary. Do you think these places have received enough attention and support to provide services for older adults?

I’m writing a proposal on services for older adults with dementia in daycare centers/integrated home care services (IHCS) or community care services (EHSS). But I am not sure whether it is necessa ...

20th August, 2021
I am not very familiar with dementia care, but I do hope I can learn more. Can social workers provide dementia care in the neighborhood elderly center (NEC)?

I am not very familiar with dementia care, but I do hope I can learn more. Can social workers provide dementia care in the neighborhood elderly center (NEC)?

20th August, 2021
Could you please also tell me more about the Pilot Scheme on Dementia Community Support Scheme?

Could you please also tell me more about the Pilot Scheme on Dementia Community Support Scheme?

20th August, 2021
While the number of elderly persons with dementia continues to grow in Hong Kong, could you please tell me some measures taken by the government to support these people?

While the number of elderly persons with dementia continues to grow in Hong Kong, could you please tell me some measures taken by the government to support these people?

20th August, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, could you please give me some advice on how to evaluate a big program, like the Senior Citizen Scheme? What approach type should we choose?

Dear MEL Institute, could you please give me some advice on how to evaluate a big program, like the Senior Citizen Scheme? What approach type should we choose?

20th August, 2021
Thank you for answering my last post. I got to know more about the benefits of the Senior Citizen Scheme and it’s really exciting to see more companies joining this scheme. May I know how a company can participate in this scheme if they want to be supportive of older adults?

Thank you for answering my last post. I got to know more about the benefits of the Senior Citizen Scheme and it’s really exciting to see more companies joining this scheme. May I know how a compan ...

20th August, 2021
Hi, Dr. MEL. We are evaluating the role of the Senior Citizen Card Scheme in improving the life qualities of older adults in Hong Kong. Could you please help me understand the benefit of the Senior Citizen Scheme?

Hi, Dr. MEL. We are evaluating the role of the Senior Citizen Card Scheme in improving the life qualities of older adults in Hong Kong. Could you please help me understand the benefit of the Senio ...

20th August, 2021
Would you please give me a clue about the procedure for replacing the Senior Citizen Card application?

Would you please give me a clue about the procedure for replacing the Senior Citizen Card application?

20th August, 2021
May I ask about the fee-charging for applying for the Senior Citizen Card?

May I ask about the fee-charging for applying for the Senior Citizen Card?

20th August, 2021
Do you know the office hours of the Senior Citizen Card Office?

Do you know the office hours of the Senior Citizen Card Office?

20th August, 2021
Speaking of other criteria for Senior Citizen Card application, could you please also elaborate a bit more about the details of these criteria?

Speaking of other criteria for Senior Citizen Card application, could you please also elaborate a bit more about the details of these criteria?

20th August, 2021
I’ve learned that some elderly services are provided only for older adults with Senior Citizen Card. Is there an age criterion for applying for the Senior Citizen Card in Hong Kong?

I’ve learned that some elderly services are provided only for older adults with Senior Citizen Card. Is there an age criterion for applying for the Senior Citizen Card in Hong Kong?

20th August, 2021
Following the previous post, could you also explain what kind of services elderly carers can access from DECC and NEC?

Following the previous post, could you also explain what kind of services elderly carers can access from DECC and NEC?

20th August, 2021
I am not very familiar with the support for elderly carers in Hong Kong. May I know where the carers can get services?

I am not very familiar with the support for elderly carers in Hong Kong. May I know where the carers can get services?

20th August, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, we are trying to design an evaluation program on elderly services of different community centers. I’m a little confused about the differences between the services of Neighborhood Elderly Centers and Social Centers for the Elderly. Could you please help me with this problem?

Dear MEL Institute, we are trying to design an evaluation program on elderly services of different community centers. I’m a little confused about the differences between the services of Neighborho ...

20th August, 2021
I understand that both district and neighborhood elderly centers in Hong Kong would provide full support for older adults. May I ask how many DECCs and NECs are serving the older adults in the territory altogether?

I understand that both district and neighborhood elderly centers in Hong Kong would provide full support for older adults. May I ask how many DECCs and NECs are serving the older adults in the ter ...

20th August, 2021
Elderly services are so changing rapidly in Hong Kong. Could you please update me about how many District Elderly Community Centers (DECCs) and Neighborhood Elderly Centers (NECs) have been upgraded after the Re-engineering of Community Support Services for Elders so far?

Elderly services are so changing rapidly in Hong Kong. Could you please update me about how many District Elderly Community Centers (DECCs) and Neighborhood Elderly Centers (NECs) have been upgrad ...

20th August, 2021
May I know how much an older adult should pay for applying for long-term care services in Hong Kong?

May I know how much an older adult should pay for applying for long-term care services in Hong Kong?

20th August, 2021
Hi, MEL Institute. I’m wondering what would happen if applicants of care and attention homes accept the Government-subsidized places in private homes since there are usually too many people on the waiting list? Will they wait longer or shorter?

Hi, MEL Institute. I’m wondering what would happen if applicants of care and attention homes accept the Government-subsidized places in private homes since there are usually too many people on the ...

20th August, 2021
Following the previous post, could you please kindly tell me what factors can influence the waiting period of residential allocation?

Following the previous post, could you please kindly tell me what factors can influence the waiting period of residential allocation?

20th August, 2021
I have a further question about non-probability sampling. Can I use snowball sampling if the target population is not easy to approach?

I have a further question about non-probability sampling. Can I use snowball sampling if the target population is not easy to approach?

20th August, 2021
One of my clients can take good care of herself at the age of 78 and wants to live with her same-age friends, do you have any idea what kinds of residential service she can apply for?

One of my clients can take good care of herself at the age of 78 and wants to live with her same-age friends, do you have any idea what kinds of residential service she can apply for?

20th August, 2021
Hi, MEL Institute, some of my elderly clients who currently can care for themselves want to apply for the residential in advance. Is it possible?

Hi, MEL Institute, some of my elderly clients who currently can care for themselves want to apply for the residential in advance. Is it possible?

20th August, 2021
For the group of people affected by the typhoon, it seems impossible to use probability sampling. Can I use convenience sampling?

For the group of people affected by the typhoon, it seems impossible to use probability sampling. Can I use convenience sampling?

20th August, 2021
Could you please introduce the advantage of using disproportionate stratified random sampling among ethnic minority samples?

Could you please introduce the advantage of using disproportionate stratified random sampling among ethnic minority samples?

20th August, 2021
When trying to assess the effect of a poverty alleviation policy on the ethnic minorities in Hong Kong, can I use stratified random sampling?

When trying to assess the effect of a poverty alleviation policy on the ethnic minorities in Hong Kong, can I use stratified random sampling?

20th August, 2021
I have trouble understanding the term “element” in sampling. For example, suppose I am going to survey the household income in Hong Kong. Shall I use the individual or household as the unit?

I have trouble understanding the term “element” in sampling. For example, suppose I am going to survey the household income in Hong Kong. Shall I use the individual or household as the unit?

20th August, 2021
Under the COVID-19, many people have lost the job and therefore street sleepers. Can I use purposive sampling to target this population?

Under the COVID-19, many people have lost the job and therefore street sleepers. Can I use purposive sampling to target this population?

20th August, 2021
Follow the previous inquiry, could you please kindly let me know where older adults can submit applications?

Follow the previous inquiry, could you please kindly let me know where older adults can submit applications?

20th August, 2021
For older adults without family support, is there any resident assistance that they can apply for from the HK government?

For older adults without family support, is there any resident assistance that they can apply for from the HK government?

20th August, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, I often meet older adults who tend to ask lots of questions about CSSA. Therefore, I hope to get myself prepared for the next time. Do you know where I can get the detailed information about CSSA?

Dear MEL Institute, I often meet older adults who tend to ask lots of questions about CSSA. Therefore, I hope to get myself prepared for the next time. Do you know where I can get the detailed inf ...

20th August, 2021
Can you tell me more details about the income test of CSSA?

Can you tell me more details about the income test of CSSA?

20th August, 2021
Following the previous question, could you please elaborate a bit more about the income test criteria of CSSA?

Following the previous question, could you please elaborate a bit more about the income test criteria of CSSA?

20th August, 2021
Hi MEL Institute, may I know should the applicant pass the financial test to get CSSA supplement?

Hi MEL Institute, may I know should the applicant pass the financial test to get CSSA supplement?

20th August, 2021
Some older adults I’ve met have not applied for CSSA supplements because they are worried about the application fee. Is the application charged?

Some older adults I’ve met have not applied for CSSA supplements because they are worried about the application fee. Is the application charged?

20th August, 2021
With all the supplements in the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) scheme, may I know how the older adults can apply for appropriate supplements?

With all the supplements in the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) scheme, may I know how the older adults can apply for appropriate supplements?

20th August, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, I’ve met some older adults who want to find jobs after retirement. Could you please introduce more about the employment support supplement?

Dear MEL Institute, I’ve met some older adults who want to find jobs after retirement. Could you please introduce more about the employment support supplement?

20th August, 2021
One of my clients is living in a non-subsidized residential care home. Do you know what supplement he can get from the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) scheme?

One of my clients is living in a non-subsidized residential care home. Do you know what supplement he can get from the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) scheme?

20th August, 2021
Following the previous question, could you please also explain to me who can get the transport supplement? Can all older adults apply for it?

Following the previous question, could you please also explain to me who can get the transport supplement? Can all older adults apply for it?

20th August, 2021
I’ve learned that identifying the needs of the target group is one of the major steps of program development. May I know who can get the community living supplement?

I’ve learned that identifying the needs of the target group is one of the major steps of program development. May I know who can get the community living supplement?

20th August, 2021
I’ve heard about the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) scheme in HK, may I know what kind of supplements that the older adults can get from CSSA?

I’ve heard about the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) scheme in HK, may I know what kind of supplements that the older adults can get from CSSA?

20th August, 2021
With all these efforts to attract people to age at home, what would be the next step if the older adults applying for the residential care services remain large?

With all these efforts to attract people to age at home, what would be the next step if the older adults applying for the residential care services remain large?

20th August, 2021
To be more specific, could you please also tell me some measures for encouraging the use of community care services in HK?

To be more specific, could you please also tell me some measures for encouraging the use of community care services in HK?

20th August, 2021
Hi. Dr. MEL, we are considering developing a guidebook for older adults who want to apply for residential care services in Hong Kong. Could you please tell me where to find relevant information?

Hi. Dr. MEL, we are considering developing a guidebook for older adults who want to apply for residential care services in Hong Kong. Could you please tell me where to find relevant information?

20th August, 2021
Would you please explain why the Elderly Services Program Plan (ESPP) can improve the ratio between residential care service and community care service?

Would you please explain why the Elderly Services Program Plan (ESPP) can improve the ratio between residential care service and community care service?

20th August, 2021
Hi MEL Institute, we are doing simple research about the differences between residential care services and community care services in Hong Kong. I’m wondering if is it true that people prefer residential care services rather than community care services?

Hi MEL Institute, we are doing simple research about the differences between residential care services and community care services in Hong Kong. I’m wondering if is it true that people prefer resi ...

19th August, 2021
I noticed that most Care and Attention Homes and Nursing Homes are contract homes, is it true that all places that provide care and attention or nursing services are contract homes?

I noticed that most Care and Attention Homes and Nursing Homes are contract homes, is it true that all places that provide care and attention or nursing services are contract homes?

19th August, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, some elderly clients in our organization are interested in the Care and Attention Homes and the Nursing Homes services. They want to know if they can apply for these services. Could you please help them with this question? Thanks!

Dear MEL Institute, some elderly clients in our organization are interested in the Care and Attention Homes and the Nursing Homes services. They want to know if they can apply for these services. ...

19th August, 2021
Some elderly clients can take care of themselves but cannot live independently in the community. Could you also introduce some elderly services for them? Thanks!

Some elderly clients can take care of themselves but cannot live independently in the community. Could you also introduce some elderly services for them? Thanks!

19th August, 2021
I’ve met some older adults who are able to take care of themselves but still want to apply for support services. Could you please recommend some residential care services for them?

I’ve met some older adults who are able to take care of themselves but still want to apply for support services. Could you please recommend some residential care services for them?

19th August, 2021
Then may I also ask what kinds of services would be provided in the residential care service in HK?

Then may I also ask what kinds of services would be provided in the residential care service in HK?

19th August, 2021
Hi Mel Institute, our organization is serving homeless older adults in Hong Kong. May I ask if they can apply for the residential respite service in Hong Kong?

Hi Mel Institute, our organization is serving homeless older adults in Hong Kong. May I ask if they can apply for the residential respite service in Hong Kong?

19th August, 2021
Besides the elderly center services and the community care services, are there any other services for the older adults in HK? Could you please kindly tell me more?

Besides the elderly center services and the community care services, are there any other services for the older adults in HK? Could you please kindly tell me more?

19th August, 2021
I heard that there are multiple community services for the older adults in Hong Kong. Could you please give me some examples of those services?

I heard that there are multiple community services for the older adults in Hong Kong. Could you please give me some examples of those services?

19th August, 2021
I am not quite familiar with the elderly centers in communities in Hong Kong. Could you please elaborate a bit more?

I am not quite familiar with the elderly centers in communities in Hong Kong. Could you please elaborate a bit more?

19th August, 2021
I know that the elderly services are popular among HK older adults and families, would you please tell me more about the elderly community care and support services provided by SWD?

I know that the elderly services are popular among HK older adults and families, would you please tell me more about the elderly community care and support services provided by SWD?

19th August, 2021
Could you please explain the objectives of the elderly service conducted by the Social Welfare Department in HK?

Could you please explain the objectives of the elderly service conducted by the Social Welfare Department in HK?

19th August, 2021
May I ask how many older adults need subsidized long-term care services in Hong Kong?

May I ask how many older adults need subsidized long-term care services in Hong Kong?

19th August, 2021
I’m writing a proposal about the elderly services in a new era. May I ask you to briefly introduce the directions of the Elderly Services Program Plan to me?

I’m writing a proposal about the elderly services in a new era. May I ask you to briefly introduce the directions of the Elderly Services Program Plan to me?

19th August, 2021
Following the previous question, could you please also explain the strategies of the Elderly Services Program Plan (ESPP)?

Following the previous question, could you please also explain the strategies of the Elderly Services Program Plan (ESPP)?

19th August, 2021
Given the size of the aging population, may I know is there a comprehensive elderly service plan in HK?

Given the size of the aging population, may I know is there a comprehensive elderly service plan in HK?

19th August, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, we are developing an evaluation program on elder services in Hong Kong, I hope to know, is aging a serious problem in Hong Kong now?

Dear MEL Institute, we are developing an evaluation program on elder services in Hong Kong, I hope to know, is aging a serious problem in Hong Kong now?

19th August, 2021
Following the previous question, some elderly CSSA recipients are moving to Mainland China, could you please tell me some banks which would provide the above services?

Following the previous question, some elderly CSSA recipients are moving to Mainland China, could you please tell me some banks which would provide the above services?

19th August, 2021
Could you please tell me is there any special arrangement for older adults outside HK to collect social security payments under pandemic conditions?

Could you please tell me is there any special arrangement for older adults outside HK to collect social security payments under pandemic conditions?

19th August, 2021
May I ask more about the Portable Comprehensive Social Security Assistance Scheme? I want to know whether it is contributory or non-contributory?

May I ask more about the Portable Comprehensive Social Security Assistance Scheme? I want to know whether it is contributory or non-contributory?

19th August, 2021
Could you please explain to me the purpose of the Portable Comprehensive Social Security Assistance Scheme?

Could you please explain to me the purpose of the Portable Comprehensive Social Security Assistance Scheme?

19th August, 2021
Is it a good practice to do pre and post-tests in a new service for people with physical disabilities?

Is it a good practice to do pre and post-tests in a new service for people with physical disabilities?

19th August, 2021
I heard that the Social Welfare Department has launched on-site rehabilitation services for pre-school children based on a pilot study. It seems pre-experimental pilot studies are useful. What are the functions of pre-experimental pilot studies?

I heard that the Social Welfare Department has launched on-site rehabilitation services for pre-school children based on a pilot study. It seems pre-experimental pilot studies are useful. What are ...

19th August, 2021
What is the purpose of pre-experimental design for services for pre-school children with disabilities?

What is the purpose of pre-experimental design for services for pre-school children with disabilities?

19th August, 2021
Is it a pre-experimental design kind of pilot study?

Is it a pre-experimental design kind of pilot study?

19th August, 2021
I wonder how we can design a study that minimizes threats to internal validity?

I wonder how we can design a study that minimizes threats to internal validity?

19th August, 2021
For services for people with disabilities, could you please explain to me what experimental designs we could adopt?

For services for people with disabilities, could you please explain to me what experimental designs we could adopt?

19th August, 2021
I wonder, if I revise the instrument in the post-test, will it cause a matter statistically?

I wonder, if I revise the instrument in the post-test, will it cause a matter statistically?

19th August, 2021
For visually impaired people, can we use braille questionnaires?

For visually impaired people, can we use braille questionnaires?

19th August, 2021
In a pilot study of services for visually impaired people, the participants are asked to take in the pre-test, during the service, and the post-test. I wonder will the result be affected given so many times of testing?

In a pilot study of services for visually impaired people, the participants are asked to take in the pre-test, during the service, and the post-test. I wonder will the result be affected given so ...

19th August, 2021
I have read a discussion about the effects of experimental mortality. Will it be a concern to internal validity?

I have read a discussion about the effects of experimental mortality. Will it be a concern to internal validity?

19th August, 2021
Suppose in a longitudinal survey about persons with physical disabilities in Hong Kong, some participants pass away during the research period. What does it call?

Suppose in a longitudinal survey about persons with physical disabilities in Hong Kong, some participants pass away during the research period. What does it call?

19th August, 2021
I have a question about internal validity. When we try to measure the life satisfaction of persons with disabilities, their physical conditions may change as time goes by. Will it pose a threat to internal validity?

I have a question about internal validity. When we try to measure the life satisfaction of persons with disabilities, their physical conditions may change as time goes by. Will it pose a threat to ...

19th August, 2021
Following the previous post, does external validity mean the extent to which we can generalize the findings?

Following the previous post, does external validity mean the extent to which we can generalize the findings?

19th August, 2021
What does the term “external validity” mean? Could you please give an example in the field of services for persons with disabilities?

What does the term “external validity” mean? Could you please give an example in the field of services for persons with disabilities?

19th August, 2021
I wonder what the amount of the subsidy for the employee with disabilities is?

I wonder what the amount of the subsidy for the employee with disabilities is?

19th August, 2021
May I know the policy of supporting the employment of persons with disabilities in Hong Kong?

May I know the policy of supporting the employment of persons with disabilities in Hong Kong?

19th August, 2021
Upon the previous post, how can I start the clustered random sampling?

Upon the previous post, how can I start the clustered random sampling?

19th August, 2021
I hope to survey the service use of sheltered workshops for persons with disabilities in Hong Kong with a random sampling method. Is clustered random sampling an appropriate way?

I hope to survey the service use of sheltered workshops for persons with disabilities in Hong Kong with a random sampling method. Is clustered random sampling an appropriate way?

19th August, 2021
Could you please show me the brief guidelines for asking questions with people with disabilities?

Could you please show me the brief guidelines for asking questions with people with disabilities?

19th August, 2021
We are constructing questions about questionnaires of vocational training of people with disabilities. What types of questions could we adopt in the questionnaire?

We are constructing questions about questionnaires of vocational training of people with disabilities. What types of questions could we adopt in the questionnaire?

19th August, 2021
Hi. May I ask about sampling terminology? What is the sampling frame in an evaluation program of CSSA receipts in Hong Kong?

Hi. May I ask about sampling terminology? What is the sampling frame in an evaluation program of CSSA receipts in Hong Kong?

19th August, 2021
I am wondering why do we use a selective sample, instead of the census, in policy analysis such as social protection?

I am wondering why do we use a selective sample, instead of the census, in policy analysis such as social protection?

19th August, 2021
While reading the evaluation report on the Partnership Fund for the Disadvantaged (PFD), I found the study design was cross-sectional, not longitudinal. Is it ok to an evaluation of the service effectiveness?

While reading the evaluation report on the Partnership Fund for the Disadvantaged (PFD), I found the study design was cross-sectional, not longitudinal. Is it ok to an evaluation of the service ef ...

19th August, 2021
Following the previous post, what are the three parties of the Partnership Fund for the Disadvantaged (PFD)?

Following the previous post, what are the three parties of the Partnership Fund for the Disadvantaged (PFD)?

19th August, 2021
I am serving in an NGO for after-school learning and support programs for students from grassroots families. I wonder if there are any supporting policies for students from disadvantaged social backgrounds?

I am serving in an NGO for after-school learning and support programs for students from grassroots families. I wonder if there are any supporting policies for students from disadvantaged social ba ...

19th August, 2021
I am a program worker at the Emergency Relief program. I am going to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. I wonder whom I should collect data from? I am not sure whether the number of my service recipients is enough.

I am a program worker at the Emergency Relief program. I am going to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. I wonder whom I should collect data from? I am not sure whether the number of my ser ...

19th August, 2021
Would you please kindly tell me what categories of case studies are there?

Would you please kindly tell me what categories of case studies are there?

19th August, 2021
When evaluating the Emergency Relief program, can we adopt a “case study” as our method?

When evaluating the Emergency Relief program, can we adopt a “case study” as our method?

19th August, 2021
I have a further question about the t-test. Do you have any recommended software for doing the analysis?

I have a further question about the t-test. Do you have any recommended software for doing the analysis?

19th August, 2021
After an intervention of social support to single mothers, we hope to compare the mean scores of life satisfaction of the intervention group and those without the intervention. Which statistical strategy would you recommend?

After an intervention of social support to single mothers, we hope to compare the mean scores of life satisfaction of the intervention group and those without the intervention. Which statistical s ...

19th August, 2021
As I know, in some service sectors, such as services for street sleepers, the total size of potential sample is small. Will the small sample size affect the result?

As I know, in some service sectors, such as services for street sleepers, the total size of potential sample is small. Will the small sample size affect the result?

19th August, 2021
Could you please elaborate on how we can do the random assignment?

Could you please elaborate on how we can do the random assignment?

19th August, 2021
I am trying to compare how transportation supplement works for different social groups. For example, when the groups of abled-body and people with chronic disease are compared, will there be an issue of selection bias?

I am trying to compare how transportation supplement works for different social groups. For example, when the groups of abled-body and people with chronic disease are compared, will there be an is ...

19th August, 2021
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are said to be the gold-standard method in evaluation research. What if I cannot perform the random assignment in my sampling of street sleepers?

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are said to be the gold-standard method in evaluation research. What if I cannot perform the random assignment in my sampling of street sleepers?

19th August, 2021
It seems comparison group designs and random control trials both have a similar logic to test the program’s effect. Then what are their differences?

It seems comparison group designs and random control trials both have a similar logic to test the program’s effect. Then what are their differences?

19th August, 2021
For a group of single parents, if we set them as a comparison group, does it mean they cannot receive the intervention?

For a group of single parents, if we set them as a comparison group, does it mean they cannot receive the intervention?

19th August, 2021
Following the previous post, could you give a clearer definition of randomized experiments? I still get confused to differentiate it from other designs.

Following the previous post, could you give a clearer definition of randomized experiments? I still get confused to differentiate it from other designs.

19th August, 2021
Hi. I got a question about experimental design. In examining the benefit of cash transfer in poverty alleviation, some scholars compare the poverty rate before cash transfer and after. Thus, can I say it is an experimental design?

Hi. I got a question about experimental design. In examining the benefit of cash transfer in poverty alleviation, some scholars compare the poverty rate before cash transfer and after. Thus, can I ...

19th August, 2021
Could you please help me differentiate the short-term and long-term outcomes? Take the Self-reliance Program as an example?

Could you please help me differentiate the short-term and long-term outcomes? Take the Self-reliance Program as an example?

19th August, 2021
I wonder if the trainees of disabilities could get an allowance after the vocational training?

I wonder if the trainees of disabilities could get an allowance after the vocational training?

19th August, 2021
Are the vocational training services for people with disabilities free of charge?

Are the vocational training services for people with disabilities free of charge?

19th August, 2021
What is the target population of the vocational training services?

What is the target population of the vocational training services?

19th August, 2021
I wonder, are there any vocational training services for persons with disabilities in Hong Kong?

I wonder, are there any vocational training services for persons with disabilities in Hong Kong?

19th August, 2021
Following the previous post, I still get a further question about missing data. For example, suppose the respondent has too many questions not answered. Then, can we still assign a mean score on the missing items?

Following the previous post, I still get a further question about missing data. For example, suppose the respondent has too many questions not answered. Then, can we still assign a mean score on t ...

19th August, 2021
I am responsible for the social services of ex-mentally ill persons. Recently we are surveying their rehabilitation situation in Hong Kong, but the questionnaires have many missing data. What can we do?

I am responsible for the social services of ex-mentally ill persons. Recently we are surveying their rehabilitation situation in Hong Kong, but the questionnaires have many missing data. What can ...

19th August, 2021
It seems that to measure a latent construct such as caregiver burden, a multidimensional scale is used. Could you please tell me the advantage of multidimensional scales?

It seems that to measure a latent construct such as caregiver burden, a multidimensional scale is used. Could you please tell me the advantage of multidimensional scales?

19th August, 2021
Could you please give an example of how to indicate a latent construct, such as caregiver burden?

Could you please give an example of how to indicate a latent construct, such as caregiver burden?

19th August, 2021
Following the previous post, I wonder if you could kindly explain to me what a latent construct means?

Following the previous post, I wonder if you could kindly explain to me what a latent construct means?

19th August, 2021
In the service of people with disabilities, their psychological well-being is often a great concern. Unfortunately, I cannot decide which construct to use. Could you help me, please?

In the service of people with disabilities, their psychological well-being is often a great concern. Unfortunately, I cannot decide which construct to use. Could you help me, please?

18th August, 2021
Following the previous post, I found out that the Zarit Burden Scale is acutually a multidimensional scale. When do we usually use a multidimensional scale?

Following the previous post, I found out that the Zarit Burden Scale is acutually a multidimensional scale. When do we usually use a multidimensional scale?

18th August, 2021
Caregivers of people with disabilities often experience a caregiving burden. I want to do more research on it, and try it quantitatively. Could you please recommend a reliable scale that can measure the caregiving burden?

Caregivers of people with disabilities often experience a caregiving burden. I want to do more research on it, and try it quantitatively. Could you please recommend a reliable scale that can measu ...

18th August, 2021
I have put my data from a survey about people with disabilities into SPSS. How can I check the internal consistency?

I have put my data from a survey about people with disabilities into SPSS. How can I check the internal consistency?

18th August, 2021
Could you please explain a bit more about internal consistency reliability?

Could you please explain a bit more about internal consistency reliability?

18th August, 2021
In the service for disabilities, what is the threshold for inter-rater reliability?

In the service for disabilities, what is the threshold for inter-rater reliability?

18th August, 2021
Could you please kindly tell me what types of reliability are there?

Could you please kindly tell me what types of reliability are there?

18th August, 2021
Does reliability relate to systematic error or random error?

Does reliability relate to systematic error or random error?

18th August, 2021
Could you please tell me what the meaning of reliability is?

Could you please tell me what the meaning of reliability is?

18th August, 2021
What if respondents cannot do self-administrated questionnaires, for example, the mentally disabled persons?

What if respondents cannot do self-administrated questionnaires, for example, the mentally disabled persons?

18th August, 2021
I wonder if you could kindly tell me how to avoid measurement errors when I try to collect data from mentally disabled persons?

I wonder if you could kindly tell me how to avoid measurement errors when I try to collect data from mentally disabled persons?

18th August, 2021
Can we use direct observation as a means of data collection among a group of visually impaired people?

Can we use direct observation as a means of data collection among a group of visually impaired people?

18th August, 2021
When people with physical disabilities are recruited for a questionnaire survey, they might feel uncomfortable if the measurement is boring. What kind of error then would occur?

When people with physical disabilities are recruited for a questionnaire survey, they might feel uncomfortable if the measurement is boring. What kind of error then would occur?

18th August, 2021
I wonder if social desirability bias is a systematic error or random error.

I wonder if social desirability bias is a systematic error or random error.

18th August, 2021
I heard that CUHK has a webinar about promoting the self-determination of people with intellectual disabilities. Unfortunately, I missed it. Could I inquire about this topic?

I heard that CUHK has a webinar about promoting the self-determination of people with intellectual disabilities. Unfortunately, I missed it. Could I inquire about this topic?

18th August, 2021
I wonder if I want research mentally handicapped persons, is it possible for social workers to conduct a self-report survey among them?

I wonder if I want research mentally handicapped persons, is it possible for social workers to conduct a self-report survey among them?

18th August, 2021
When designing services for persons with disabilities in Hong Kong, what categories are there?

When designing services for persons with disabilities in Hong Kong, what categories are there?

18th August, 2021
I hope to know more about the rehabilitation services for pre-school children. Could you please share relevant information?

I hope to know more about the rehabilitation services for pre-school children. Could you please share relevant information?

18th August, 2021
I am a social worker from a local NGO, and I am going to be responsible for evaluating on-site pre-school rehabilitation services. Do we need to get the parents’ consent when conducting the study on children?

I am a social worker from a local NGO, and I am going to be responsible for evaluating on-site pre-school rehabilitation services. Do we need to get the parents’ consent when conducting the study ...

18th August, 2021
Following the previous post, if I look for statistics from the population census, is it a way of exploring secondary data?

Following the previous post, if I look for statistics from the population census, is it a way of exploring secondary data?

18th August, 2021
I am a social worker in the district of Sham Shui Po. My agency would start a new home care service for older adults with disabilities in the community and asked me to estimate the potential number of older adults who may have needs for home care services. I wonder where I can access the relevant information?

I am a social worker in the district of Sham Shui Po. My agency would start a new home care service for older adults with disabilities in the community and asked me to estimate the potential numbe ...

18th August, 2021
Could you please tell me the common measurement errors?

Could you please tell me the common measurement errors?

18th August, 2021
When collecting patients’ satisfaction data, will measurement errors occur?

When collecting patients’ satisfaction data, will measurement errors occur?

18th August, 2021
I am using a five-point Likert scale in the patient satisfaction rating. May I ask what kind of measurement it belongs to?

I am using a five-point Likert scale in the patient satisfaction rating. May I ask what kind of measurement it belongs to?

18th August, 2021
I wonder if nominal measurement must be mutually exclusive?

I wonder if nominal measurement must be mutually exclusive?

18th August, 2021
Is gender a nominal level of measurement?

Is gender a nominal level of measurement?

18th August, 2021
What does “measure” mean in the quantitative research?

What does “measure” mean in the quantitative research?

18th August, 2021
I have found a scale for older adults, but it has too many items. I guess it would be too difficult for the respondents. What can I do?

I have found a scale for older adults, but it has too many items. I guess it would be too difficult for the respondents. What can I do?

18th August, 2021
How can I find relevant scales about the rehabilitation of breast cancer?

How can I find relevant scales about the rehabilitation of breast cancer?

18th August, 2021
Besides the self-report method, are there any other ways for operationalizing variables?

Besides the self-report method, are there any other ways for operationalizing variables?

18th August, 2021
I am a medical social worker and want to survey the depression level of adolescents. Any recommendation for a suitable instrument?

I am a medical social worker and want to survey the depression level of adolescents. Any recommendation for a suitable instrument?

18th August, 2021
I am confused with the nominal definition and operational definition. Could you please help me identify the differences between these two concepts?

I am confused with the nominal definition and operational definition. Could you please help me identify the differences between these two concepts?

18th August, 2021
Could you please give an example of operationalization in the medical setting?

Could you please give an example of operationalization in the medical setting?

18th August, 2021
I cannot decide whether smoking is a moderator or mediator in the relationship between high blood pressure and heart disease. Could you please help me identify the differences between moderator and mediator?

I cannot decide whether smoking is a moderator or mediator in the relationship between high blood pressure and heart disease. Could you please help me identify the differences between moderator an ...

18th August, 2021
May I use the severity of patients’ illness as a control variable in examining the effect of a certain medical social service?

May I use the severity of patients’ illness as a control variable in examining the effect of a certain medical social service?

18th August, 2021
When measuring the effect of an end-of-life service on patients, can I use the death rate as an indicator of DV?

When measuring the effect of an end-of-life service on patients, can I use the death rate as an indicator of DV?

18th August, 2021
May I ask what exactly does a control variable mean?

May I ask what exactly does a control variable mean?

18th August, 2021
Can I use a nominal group technique among the family caregivers in the hospital?

Can I use a nominal group technique among the family caregivers in the hospital?

18th August, 2021
It seems focus groups and nominal groups are very similar. What are their differences?

It seems focus groups and nominal groups are very similar. What are their differences?

18th August, 2021
Following the previous post, could you please elaborate more on the nominal group technique?

Following the previous post, could you please elaborate more on the nominal group technique?

18th August, 2021
When assessing patients’ perceived challenges, could you please tell me what kind of technique a front-line social worker could easily adopt?

When assessing patients’ perceived challenges, could you please tell me what kind of technique a front-line social worker could easily adopt?

18th August, 2021
Is there any limitation about using service statistics for medical social services?

Is there any limitation about using service statistics for medical social services?

18th August, 2021
What is the strength of using service statistics?

What is the strength of using service statistics?

18th August, 2021
Could you please give an example of using service statistics in the medical setting?

Could you please give an example of using service statistics in the medical setting?

18th August, 2021
Might I ask what does using service statistics mean?

Might I ask what does using service statistics mean?

18th August, 2021
I found conducting a social survey too time-consuming and expensive. It is too difficult for a front-line worker to conduct research. Could you please recommend a more efficient way?

I found conducting a social survey too time-consuming and expensive. It is too difficult for a front-line worker to conduct research. Could you please recommend a more efficient way?

18th August, 2021
When measuring the need of caregivers of cancer patients, should I conduct a survey?

When measuring the need of caregivers of cancer patients, should I conduct a survey?

18th August, 2021
When gathering information about the impact of COVID-19, can I use the information of the news press?

When gathering information about the impact of COVID-19, can I use the information of the news press?

18th August, 2021
In need assessment, can I extrapolate from existing studies to measure need?

In need assessment, can I extrapolate from existing studies to measure need?

18th August, 2021
When we meet a new service need in the medical setting, such as the context of COVID-19, can we use secondary data to estimate the need?

When we meet a new service need in the medical setting, such as the context of COVID-19, can we use secondary data to estimate the need?

18th August, 2021
Could you please provide me with some data which I might access and adopt as secondary data in designing medical services?

Could you please provide me with some data which I might access and adopt as secondary data in designing medical services?

18th August, 2021
Sometimes I rely on my assumptions of patients or clients in program planning. Do you think it a good practice?

Sometimes I rely on my assumptions of patients or clients in program planning. Do you think it a good practice?

18th August, 2021
I have a question about problem analysis in medical social service. Is it correct to focus on the solution in the problem analysis?

I have a question about problem analysis in medical social service. Is it correct to focus on the solution in the problem analysis?

18th August, 2021
In the data collection, what if the patients cannot answer questions or respond to surveys?

In the data collection, what if the patients cannot answer questions or respond to surveys?

18th August, 2021
Could you please kindly tell me what the function of data collection is?

Could you please kindly tell me what the function of data collection is?

18th August, 2021
How can I assess the needs of patients as a medical social worker?

How can I assess the needs of patients as a medical social worker?

18th August, 2021
Speaking of analyzing the problem in medical service, what aspects do we need to pay attention to?

Speaking of analyzing the problem in medical service, what aspects do we need to pay attention to?

18th August, 2021
Might I ask when designing a medical service, what is the first step for a frontline social worker?

Might I ask when designing a medical service, what is the first step for a frontline social worker?

18th August, 2021
Could you please list a few theories that are applicable to medical social services?

Could you please list a few theories that are applicable to medical social services?

18th August, 2021
Could you please give an example of how different theories result in different interventions in the medical field?

Could you please give an example of how different theories result in different interventions in the medical field?

18th August, 2021
Do theories affect interventions in medical social services?

Do theories affect interventions in medical social services?

18th August, 2021
I can see that theories are very important in medical service planning. Do you agree with it?

I can see that theories are very important in medical service planning. Do you agree with it?

18th August, 2021
For children with problems of hyperactive behavior, which theory is better to explain the causes: biological theory or learning theory?

For children with problems of hyperactive behavior, which theory is better to explain the causes: biological theory or learning theory?

18th August, 2021
Could you please tell me the negative impacts of programs that are not based on theories?

Could you please tell me the negative impacts of programs that are not based on theories?

18th August, 2021
In medical social services, what would happen if we plan a program without theory?

In medical social services, what would happen if we plan a program without theory?

18th August, 2021
Following the previous post, it seems program evaluation is also an ethical responsibility?

Following the previous post, it seems program evaluation is also an ethical responsibility?

18th August, 2021
Hello. Dr. MEL, may I know why program evaluation shall relate to ethical responsibilities in medical social services?

Hello. Dr. MEL, may I know why program evaluation shall relate to ethical responsibilities in medical social services?

18th August, 2021
When planning medical social service programs, do we need to consider evaluation as well?

When planning medical social service programs, do we need to consider evaluation as well?

18th August, 2021
Is program evaluation a kind of client feedback?

Is program evaluation a kind of client feedback?

18th August, 2021
In the medical social service, could patient satisfaction be a kind of evaluation dimension?

In the medical social service, could patient satisfaction be a kind of evaluation dimension?

18th August, 2021
Hello. I heard that MEL emphasizes the importance of program evaluation. May I know why evaluation is so important to NGO practitioners?

Hello. I heard that MEL emphasizes the importance of program evaluation. May I know why evaluation is so important to NGO practitioners?

18th August, 2021
Anyone can help me with the term “outcome structure,” please! I am confused!

Anyone can help me with the term “outcome structure,” please! I am confused!

18th August, 2021
As we know, the applicant of CSSA must pass both the income test and asset test. Taking the logical model into consideration, can the two tests be viewed as resources or activities?

As we know, the applicant of CSSA must pass both the income test and asset test. Taking the logical model into consideration, can the two tests be viewed as resources or activities?

17th August, 2021
I am reading some statistics of the Integrated Employment Assistance Programme for Self-reliance (IEAPS). And I found out that it shows that 25% of service recipients having secured employment or returned to mainstream schooling for at least one month from April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2020. Then may I say that it is an output of the program?

I am reading some statistics of the Integrated Employment Assistance Programme for Self-reliance (IEAPS). And I found out that it shows that 25% of service recipients having secured employment or ...

17th August, 2021
Could you kindly give an example of what are the activities in the CSSA program?

Could you kindly give an example of what are the activities in the CSSA program?

17th August, 2021
Hello. I find it very difficult to distinguish between activities and outcomes (maybe just my case). Could you please help me with that?

Hello. I find it very difficult to distinguish between activities and outcomes (maybe just my case). Could you please help me with that?

17th August, 2021
May I ask about the concept of output? For example, the number of CSSA receipts per year, is it counted as output or outcome?

May I ask about the concept of output? For example, the number of CSSA receipts per year, is it counted as output or outcome?

17th August, 2021
Could you please tell me more about the components of the logic model in program evaluation?

Could you please tell me more about the components of the logic model in program evaluation?

17th August, 2021
Following the previous post, I am working in the field of poverty alleviation programs. Is it also possible for us to use the logic model in the evaluation?

Following the previous post, I am working in the field of poverty alleviation programs. Is it also possible for us to use the logic model in the evaluation?

17th August, 2021
Hello. I heard of the term “logic model” in MEL’s sharing session, but I did not get it clearly. Would you kindly help me understand its definition?

Hello. I heard of the term “logic model” in MEL’s sharing session, but I did not get it clearly. Would you kindly help me understand its definition?

17th August, 2021
May I ask what the recommendable size of a focused group is?

May I ask what the recommendable size of a focused group is?

17th August, 2021
There are a few hundred participants in one of our programs for socially disadvantaged groups. Shall I invite all of them to the focused groups?

There are a few hundred participants in one of our programs for socially disadvantaged groups. Shall I invite all of them to the focused groups?

17th August, 2021
Regarding the evaluation outcome of the focused group, shall we go for an agreement or consensus?

Regarding the evaluation outcome of the focused group, shall we go for an agreement or consensus?

17th August, 2021
One year after the completion of the empowerment of the single parent program, we were asked by our funders to conduct focus groups with participants to evaluate the program. Whom shall I invite?

One year after the completion of the empowerment of the single parent program, we were asked by our funders to conduct focus groups with participants to evaluate the program. Whom shall I invite?< ...

17th August, 2021
Following the prior question, thank you for pointing it out. I recall my preparation work before the evaluation. I must admit that I did not establish a strong rapport with the interviewees.

Following the prior question, thank you for pointing it out. I recall my preparation work before the evaluation. I must admit that I did not establish a strong rapport with the interviewees.

17th August, 2021
Hello, in a recent interview with CSSA clients in my agency, I found they disclosed their true feeling less open after putting a recording device on the table. Would you please help me with this matter?

Hello, in a recent interview with CSSA clients in my agency, I found they disclosed their true feeling less open after putting a recording device on the table. Would you please help me with this m ...

17th August, 2021
Why do we specifically need to care about child poverty?

Why do we specifically need to care about child poverty?

17th August, 2021
Hi, I understand that there is no universal pension in Hong Kong. Many older adults thus suffer from financial deprivation after losing jobs. Can I conclude that the lack of universal pension causes elderly poverty?

Hi, I understand that there is no universal pension in Hong Kong. Many older adults thus suffer from financial deprivation after losing jobs. Can I conclude that the lack of universal pension caus ...

17th August, 2021
Then shall I use an existing scale of social disadvantage instead of creating a new one on my own?

Then shall I use an existing scale of social disadvantage instead of creating a new one on my own?

17th August, 2021
Hi just brainstorm. Can I design a scale on my own to measure the feeling of being socially disadvantaged?

Hi just brainstorm. Can I design a scale on my own to measure the feeling of being socially disadvantaged?

17th August, 2021
When designing the questionnaires about the relationship between deprivation and depression for Hong Kong adults, shall I control social-demographic variables?

When designing the questionnaires about the relationship between deprivation and depression for Hong Kong adults, shall I control social-demographic variables?

17th August, 2021
I have read some discussions about deprivation in previous posts. I wonder who proposed the deprivation approach initially?

I have read some discussions about deprivation in previous posts. I wonder who proposed the deprivation approach initially?

17th August, 2021
After reading Prof. Wong’s article, I realize that poor housing conditions seem greatly impact the deprivation level of residents. If I am going to see the mean scores of different housing types, say, private rental housing, private-owned housing, public rental housing, and subsidized homeownership housing, what kind of statistical analysis shall I use?

After reading Prof. Wong’s article, I realize that poor housing conditions seem greatly impact the deprivation level of residents. If I am going to see the mean scores of different housing types, ...

17th August, 2021
Hello housing factors seem to lead to deprivation in Hong Kong. How can I find more information about it?

Hello housing factors seem to lead to deprivation in Hong Kong. How can I find more information about it?

16th August, 2021
Could you please tell me what does the term “deprivation” means?

Could you please tell me what does the term “deprivation” means?

16th August, 2021
Hi it sounds online method is not a good choice for collecting data. I wonder is there any advantage of using online surveys?

Hi it sounds online method is not a good choice for collecting data. I wonder is there any advantage of using online surveys?

16th August, 2021
Following the previous post, I wonder if you are suggesting that an online survey, as a data collection method, may lead to a non-representative issue when trying to access the people in poverty?

Following the previous post, I wonder if you are suggesting that an online survey, as a data collection method, may lead to a non-representative issue when trying to access the people in poverty?< ...

16th August, 2021
May I ask if it is possible to conduct an online cross-sectional survey about the situation of people in poverty?

May I ask if it is possible to conduct an online cross-sectional survey about the situation of people in poverty?

16th August, 2021
Hello, I wonder where I could find e-books about housing welfare via the Internet?

Hello, I wonder where I could find e-books about housing welfare via the Internet?

16th August, 2021
Under the COVID-19, it becomes increasingly difficult to go to the library and find some reference. As I am looking for scholarly articles about housing policies for disadvantaged people, could you please recommend some online-searching engine that works well?

Under the COVID-19, it becomes increasingly difficult to go to the library and find some reference. As I am looking for scholarly articles about housing policies for disadvantaged people, could yo ...

16th August, 2021
For eligible non-elderly one-person applicants, the allocation of public flats is determined by the annual quota set. May I say that it uses quota sampling?

For eligible non-elderly one-person applicants, the allocation of public flats is determined by the annual quota set. May I say that it uses quota sampling?

16th August, 2021
In the application of public housing, every applicant would expect equal chances of getting selected. Hence, I wonder if random computer batching could ensure equality?

In the application of public housing, every applicant would expect equal chances of getting selected. Hence, I wonder if random computer batching could ensure equality?

16th August, 2021
Following the previous post, what consists of the sampling frame of the random computer batching?

Following the previous post, what consists of the sampling frame of the random computer batching?

16th August, 2021
Hi Dr MEL, I have seen earlier posts about random computer batching of public rental housing, but not sure about its meaning. May I ask what kind of random sampling it is?

Hi Dr MEL, I have seen earlier posts about random computer batching of public rental housing, but not sure about its meaning. May I ask what kind of random sampling it is?

16th August, 2021
May I ask if the random computer batching in public rental housing systems is a kind of random sampling?

May I ask if the random computer batching in public rental housing systems is a kind of random sampling?

16th August, 2021
I wonder which organization(s) is responsible for providing public housing to those who cannot afford private housing in Hong Kong?

I wonder which organization(s) is responsible for providing public housing to those who cannot afford private housing in Hong Kong?

16th August, 2021
When speaking of supportive housing for homeless people, could you please elaborate on it?

When speaking of supportive housing for homeless people, could you please elaborate on it?

16th August, 2021
Hello I hope to know more about the interventions for tackling the housing issues. Could you please share a bit on this topic?

Hello I hope to know more about the interventions for tackling the housing issues. Could you please share a bit on this topic?

16th August, 2021
Hi, I wonder is there any scholarly website assembling systematic reviews?

Hi, I wonder is there any scholarly website assembling systematic reviews?

16th August, 2021
Homelessness is a critical social issue in Hong Kong, especially after the breakout of the COVID-19. If I want to explore more on this topic, where shall I start?

Homelessness is a critical social issue in Hong Kong, especially after the breakout of the COVID-19. If I want to explore more on this topic, where shall I start?

16th August, 2021
After you mentioned the time concern in the service data, I paid attention to other statistics and found they all listed a timeframe in collecting data. For example, the number of CSSA applications between the period from the past month.

After you mentioned the time concern in the service data, I paid attention to other statistics and found they all listed a timeframe in collecting data. For example, the number of CSSA application ...

16th August, 2021
According to the Social Welfare Department’s website about social security, I found it also provided the last review date, which is June 18, 2021. Why do they put the date of review on the website?

According to the Social Welfare Department’s website about social security, I found it also provided the last review date, which is June 18, 2021. Why do they put the date of review on the website ...

16th August, 2021
Where can I get all cases numbers in different types of Social Security Allowance (SSA)?

Where can I get all cases numbers in different types of Social Security Allowance (SSA)?

14th August, 2021
Could you please tell me the categories of Social Security Allowance (SSA) in Hong Kong?

Could you please tell me the categories of Social Security Allowance (SSA) in Hong Kong?

14th August, 2021
I want to explore the impact of after-school activities on students from low-income families. Can I select two classes (A and B) in one school, make A receive the service and B not, to examine the service effect?

I want to explore the impact of after-school activities on students from low-income families. Can I select two classes (A and B) in one school, make A receive the service and B not, to examine the ...

14th August, 2021
A friend told me that in many cases, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are unfeasible to the target population. However, what can we do if we still want to compare the group that receives the service with the group without the service?

A friend told me that in many cases, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are unfeasible to the target population. However, what can we do if we still want to compare the group that receives the se ...

14th August, 2021
Following the previous post, is client satisfaction of jobless people a kind of performance monitoring?

Following the previous post, is client satisfaction of jobless people a kind of performance monitoring?

14th August, 2021
I wonder if performance monitoring would yield a cause-and-effect relationship of a program?

I wonder if performance monitoring would yield a cause-and-effect relationship of a program?

14th August, 2021
Following the previous post, could you give me an example of performance measures in the field of social protection?

Following the previous post, could you give me an example of performance measures in the field of social protection?

14th August, 2021
Hi, I have a question about the performance monitoring system. That is, what does this term exactly mean?

Hi, I have a question about the performance monitoring system. That is, what does this term exactly mean?

14th August, 2021
Are single-parent families more sensitive to unemployment? I mean will they get more detrimental effects from being fired?

Are single-parent families more sensitive to unemployment? I mean will they get more detrimental effects from being fired?

14th August, 2021
I heard that single parents account for the second-largest group that relies on governmental welfare support, after older people. How could that happen?

I heard that single parents account for the second-largest group that relies on governmental welfare support, after older people. How could that happen?

14th August, 2021
What is Hong Kong’s Gini coefficient?

What is Hong Kong’s Gini coefficient?

14th August, 2021
Hong Kong society has huge wealth gaps. I wonder which indicator is reliable in measuring wealth gaps?

Hong Kong society has huge wealth gaps. I wonder which indicator is reliable in measuring wealth gaps?

14th August, 2021
Hi, I am trying to look for some child welfare journals, to do a literature review for our program evaluation, shall I go to a database first?

Hi, I am trying to look for some child welfare journals, to do a literature review for our program evaluation, shall I go to a database first?

14th August, 2021
Hello, I could not distinguish the terms article, journal, and database. Could you please help me figure them out?

Hello, I could not distinguish the terms article, journal, and database. Could you please help me figure them out?

11th August, 2021
Following the previous question, then how can the social workers address such paradox?

Following the previous question, then how can the social workers address such paradox?

11th August, 2021
From the social constructionist perspective, social services provided to single-parent families inadvertently might reinforce a pathological perspective on these families. Is it a paradox?

From the social constructionist perspective, social services provided to single-parent families inadvertently might reinforce a pathological perspective on these families. Is it a paradox?

10th August, 2021
Where can the street sleepers go for temporary shelter?

Where can the street sleepers go for temporary shelter?

10th August, 2021
Could you please tell me the number of street sleepers who had been approached last year?

Could you please tell me the number of street sleepers who had been approached last year?

10th August, 2021
Under the impact of COVID-19, the number of street sleepers may rise. Are there any services for them?

Under the impact of COVID-19, the number of street sleepers may rise. Are there any services for them?

10th August, 2021
Following the previous question, how can I determine the correlation in the SPSS result?

Following the previous question, how can I determine the correlation in the SPSS result?

10th August, 2021
Over the past few decades, the number of single-parent families in Hong Kong has increased substantially. I hope to examine whether child poverty and single-parenthood correlate. I wonder what kind of statistical test shall I perform?

Over the past few decades, the number of single-parent families in Hong Kong has increased substantially. I hope to examine whether child poverty and single-parenthood correlate. I wonder what kin ...

10th August, 2021
How many temporary beds in total are there for homeless persons in Hong Kong?

How many temporary beds in total are there for homeless persons in Hong Kong?

10th August, 2021
Do you have any statistics about the rate of child poverty in single-parent households in Hong Kong?

Do you have any statistics about the rate of child poverty in single-parent households in Hong Kong?

10th August, 2021
Are children growing up in single-parent households more vulnerable to poverty?

Are children growing up in single-parent households more vulnerable to poverty?

10th August, 2021
Which social group accounts for the most social security claims after the elderly?

Which social group accounts for the most social security claims after the elderly?

10th August, 2021
Could you please tell me more about the negative effects on children of single parents?

Could you please tell me more about the negative effects on children of single parents?

10th August, 2021
What is the percentage of children living in single-parent households in Hong Kong?

What is the percentage of children living in single-parent households in Hong Kong?

10th August, 2021
What does the term income polarisation mean?

What does the term income polarisation mean?

10th August, 2021
Could you please recommend some local scholars expert at studying the poverty issue?

Could you please recommend some local scholars expert at studying the poverty issue?

10th August, 2021
What is the difference between poverty in the developing world and in developed regions, such as Hong Kong?

What is the difference between poverty in the developing world and in developed regions, such as Hong Kong?

10th August, 2021
When will people be perceived as deprived?

When will people be perceived as deprived?

10th August, 2021
What is the definition of deprivation?

What is the definition of deprivation?

10th August, 2021
Are housing problems crucial in determining deprivation in Hong Kong? Any good reference?

Are housing problems crucial in determining deprivation in Hong Kong? Any good reference?

10th August, 2021
I am looking for understanding the anti-poverty effects of public rental housing (PRH) in Hong Kong. Where can I find relevant articles?

I am looking for understanding the anti-poverty effects of public rental housing (PRH) in Hong Kong. Where can I find relevant articles?

9th August, 2021
Can the employers apply for SPED all year round?

Can the employers apply for SPED all year round?

9th August, 2021
Can persons with disabilities themselves apply for SPED?

Can persons with disabilities themselves apply for SPED?

7th August, 2021
What is the level of subsidy for SPED?

What is the level of subsidy for SPED?

7th August, 2021
Is there any support for employers hiring persons with disabilities?

Is there any support for employers hiring persons with disabilities?

7th August, 2021
What does CVC mean?

What does CVC mean?

7th August, 2021
Which COVID-19 vaccine is available in Hong Kong?

Which COVID-19 vaccine is available in Hong Kong?

7th August, 2021
What is the latest number of people who get vaccinated in Hong Kong?

What is the latest number of people who get vaccinated in Hong Kong?

7th August, 2021
Is there any extra assistance for the elderly who cannot make an online booking for the vaccination?

Is there any extra assistance for the elderly who cannot make an online booking for the vaccination?

6th August, 2021
Where can I get the COVID-19 vaccine?

Where can I get the COVID-19 vaccine?

6th August, 2021
Where can I find the information about the COVID-19 Vaccination Program?

Where can I find the information about the COVID-19 Vaccination Program?

6th August, 2021
Which agent is appointed by the Social Welfare Department (SWD) to process the applications for Portable Social Security Schemes?

Which agent is appointed by the Social Welfare Department (SWD) to process the applications for Portable Social Security Schemes?

6th August, 2021
Will the market continue to face challenges under the pandemic?

Will the market continue to face challenges under the pandemic?

6th August, 2021
What is the unemployment rate in Hong Kong under COVID-19?

What is the unemployment rate in Hong Kong under COVID-19?

6th August, 2021
Is social exclusion a multi-dimensional problem?

Is social exclusion a multi-dimensional problem?

6th August, 2021
What are the roots of social exclusion? Are they related to inequalities?

What are the roots of social exclusion? Are they related to inequalities?

6th August, 2021
Could you please tell me more about non-monetary means of reducing health inequity?

Could you please tell me more about non-monetary means of reducing health inequity?

6th August, 2021
Does reducing health inequity mean income redistribution from the rich to the poor?

Does reducing health inequity mean income redistribution from the rich to the poor?

6th August, 2021
Are ethnic minorities in Hong Kong disadvantaged in health?

Are ethnic minorities in Hong Kong disadvantaged in health?

6th August, 2021
Which social groups are more likely to have poor health?

Which social groups are more likely to have poor health?

6th August, 2021
Why is the term healthy life expectancy (HLE) important?

Why is the term healthy life expectancy (HLE) important?

6th August, 2021
What does the term healthy life expectancy mean?

What does the term healthy life expectancy mean?

6th August, 2021
Could you please tell me the life expectancy of Hong Kong?

Could you please tell me the life expectancy of Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
What is the term life expectancy?

What is the term life expectancy?

5th August, 2021
What constitutes the “social determinants of health”?

What constitutes the "social determinants of health"?

5th August, 2021
What are the social determinants of health (SDH)? Could you please give an example?

What are the social determinants of health (SDH)? Could you please give an example?

5th August, 2021
Are there any social factors that influence health equity?

Are there any social factors that influence health equity?

5th August, 2021
What does the term health equity mean?

What does the term health equity mean?

5th August, 2021
What are the common reasons for children abandoned by their original families?

What are the common reasons for children abandoned by their original families?

5th August, 2021
Are there any children with disabilities available for adoption?

Are there any children with disabilities available for adoption?

5th August, 2021
How many children are available for adoption currently in Hong Kong?

How many children are available for adoption currently in Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
Can the Adoption Unit arrange adoption via private arrangement?

Can the Adoption Unit arrange adoption via private arrangement?

5th August, 2021
For children with special needs, will there be possibilities for overseas adoption?

For children with special needs, will there be possibilities for overseas adoption?

5th August, 2021
What group of children are suitable for adoption services?

What group of children are suitable for adoption services?

5th August, 2021
What are the service objectives of the outreaching team for ethnic minorities?

What are the service objectives of the outreaching team for ethnic minorities?

5th August, 2021
What would the outreaching team for ethnic minorities do? Could you please describe the nature of its service?

What would the outreaching team for ethnic minorities do? Could you please describe the nature of its service?

5th August, 2021
Do the services for the ethnic group include non-refoulement claimants?

Do the services for the ethnic group include non-refoulement claimants?

5th August, 2021
What are the major ethnic groups in Hong Kong?

What are the major ethnic groups in Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
Following the previous post, when does the revised procedural guide take effect?

Following the previous post, when does the revised procedural guide take effect?

5th August, 2021
Where can I find the latest version of child protection guidelines?

Where can I find the latest version of child protection guidelines?

5th August, 2021
How many service users are there under the Victim Support Program for Victims of Family Violence?

How many service users are there under the Victim Support Program for Victims of Family Violence?

5th August, 2021
Is there any specific service for victims of family violence in Hong Kong?

Is there any specific service for victims of family violence in Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
Following the previous post, how many cases are served each year in refuge centers for women?

Following the previous post, how many cases are served each year in refuge centers for women?

5th August, 2021
How many refugee centers for women are there in Hong Kong?

How many refugee centers for women are there in Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
What are the organizations that provide SPeaR?

What are the organizations that provide SPeaR?

5th August, 2021
What is the service nature of SPeaR? Is it counseling, group work, or an educational program?

What is the service nature of SPeaR? Is it counseling, group work, or an educational program?

5th August, 2021
In the SPeaR service, does it also provide support for children?

In the SPeaR service, does it also provide support for children?

5th August, 2021
I have heard that there is a Support Programme for Enhancing Peaceable Relationship (SPeaR). What is the aim of this service?

I have heard that there is a Support Programme for Enhancing Peaceable Relationship (SPeaR). What is the aim of this service?

5th August, 2021
Could you please elaborate on the service contents of the co-parenting center?

Could you please elaborate on the service contents of the co-parenting center?

5th August, 2021
What is the mission of the co-parenting support center?

What is the mission of the co-parenting support center?

5th August, 2021
Is the co-parenting support center funded by SWD? When did the service begin?

Is the co-parenting support center funded by SWD? When did the service begin?

5th August, 2021
For remarried and divorced families, where can they go for help in co-parenting issues?

For remarried and divorced families, where can they go for help in co-parenting issues?

5th August, 2021
May I ask the number of foster care services?

May I ask the number of foster care services?

5th August, 2021
Could you please give me a clue how many new adoption cases are there each year in Hong Kong?

Could you please give me a clue how many new adoption cases are there each year in Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
I hope to know something about adoption services in Hong Kong. May I ask if there any organization provides adoption services?

I hope to know something about adoption services in Hong Kong. May I ask if there any organization provides adoption services?

5th August, 2021
Are there other kinds of day child care services except for standalone child care centers?

Are there other kinds of day child care services except for standalone child care centers?

5th August, 2021
May I get the information about the number of standalone CCCs places in Hong Kong?

May I get the information about the number of standalone CCCs places in Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
What are standalone child care centers (CCCs)?

What are standalone child care centers (CCCs)?

5th August, 2021
How many kinds of residential child care services are there in Hong Kong?

How many kinds of residential child care services are there in Hong Kong?

5th August, 2021
How many persons/families in crisis received support service last year?

How many persons/families in crisis received support service last year?

5th August, 2021
I want to know if Hong Kong has a specific support center for families in crisis.

I want to know if Hong Kong has a specific support center for families in crisis.

4th August, 2021
Could you please give me a clue how many new arrival cases are served each year?

Could you please give me a clue how many new arrival cases are served each year?

4th August, 2021
I wonder if there are any cross-boundary and international social services concerning family and child welfare.

I wonder if there are any cross-boundary and international social services concerning family and child welfare.

4th August, 2021
How positive youth development PYD can be successfully implemented in a youth shelter setting?

How positive youth development PYD can be successfully implemented in a youth shelter setting?

4th August, 2021
I want to know more about the empowerment practice in youth services, thanks!

I want to know more about the empowerment practice in youth services, thanks!

4th August, 2021
I want to know more about the positive youth development (PYD) framework, thanks!

I want to know more about the positive youth development (PYD) framework, thanks!

4th August, 2021
What do you think of the traditional services for homeless youth?

What do you think of the traditional services for homeless youth?

4th August, 2021
What are the traditional services for homeless youth?

What are the traditional services for homeless youth?

4th August, 2021
I want to know more about the social support resources of homeless young people, thanks!

I want to know more about the social support resources of homeless young people, thanks!

4th August, 2021
Do homeless young people have any strengths helping them face the challenges?

Do homeless young people have any strengths helping them face the challenges?

4th August, 2021
Why the young people become homeless?

Why the young people become homeless?

4th August, 2021
What kind of challenges do the young people face after becoming homeless?

What kind of challenges do the young people face after becoming homeless?

4th August, 2021
Who are homeless youth?

Who are homeless youth?

4th August, 2021
Are there any controversies between different theoretical perspectives in aging?

Are there any controversies between different theoretical perspectives in aging?

4th August, 2021
What is “continuity” theory in aging?

What is “continuity” theory in aging?

4th August, 2021
I want to know more about the trauma-informed care in services for homeless youth, thanks!

I want to know more about the trauma-informed care in services for homeless youth, thanks!

4th August, 2021
I want to know more about “exchange” theory in the elderly research field, thanks!

I want to know more about “exchange” theory in the elderly research field, thanks!

4th August, 2021
How does “disengagement” theory apply to study of the elderly?

How does “disengagement” theory apply to study of the elderly?

4th August, 2021
How to dispel negative stereotypes of the elderly?

How to dispel negative stereotypes of the elderly?

4th August, 2021
What is the etiology of elder abuse?

What is the etiology of elder abuse?

4th August, 2021
How does the cultural attitude influence views on different aspects of aging?

How does the cultural attitude influence views on different aspects of aging?

4th August, 2021
Does educational level have effects on the elderly’s psychiatric status?

Does educational level have effects on the elderly’s psychiatric status?

4th August, 2021
Is age a risk factor for physical and psychiatric disorders?

Is age a risk factor for physical and psychiatric disorders?

4th August, 2021
What is the relationship between socioeconomic status and healthy aging?

What is the relationship between socioeconomic status and healthy aging?

4th August, 2021
Should we consider the gender difference in the services for the elderly?

Should we consider the gender difference in the services for the elderly?

4th August, 2021
How to define “frailty” for the elderly?

How to define “frailty” for the elderly?

4th August, 2021
How to define the old age?

How to define the old age?

3rd August, 2021
How does technology address the social and environmental aspects of successful aging?

How does technology address the social and environmental aspects of successful aging?

3rd August, 2021
Are there any suggestions for developing a community for older adults?

Are there any suggestions for developing a community for older adults?

3rd August, 2021
Can anyone give me a brief introduction of the program named The Seniors Centre Without Wall?

Can anyone give me a brief introduction of the program named The Seniors Centre Without Wall?

3rd August, 2021
I want to know more about the cognitive stimulation of the elderly, thanks!

I want to know more about the cognitive stimulation of the elderly, thanks!

3rd August, 2021
Does ddietary change have benefits for successful aging?

Does ddietary change have benefits for successful aging?

3rd August, 2021
What are the benefits of physical activity for the elderly?

What are the benefits of physical activity for the elderly?

3rd August, 2021
What does resilience mean to successful aging?

What does resilience mean to successful aging?

3rd August, 2021
What does positive mental health mean to successful aging?

What does positive mental health mean to successful aging?

30th July, 2021
Could participation in leisure activities benefit the elderly’s well-being?

Could participation in leisure activities benefit the elderly’s well-being?

30th July, 2021
What is relationship between physical functioning and successful aging?

What is relationship between physical functioning and successful aging?

29th July, 2021
What is the relationship between cognition and successful aging?

What is the relationship between cognition and successful aging?

29th July, 2021
How do social and environmental factors impact successful aging?

How do social and environmental factors impact successful aging?

29th July, 2021
What are the components of successful aging?

What are the components of successful aging?

29th July, 2021
What is the definition of successful aging?

What is the definition of successful aging?

29th July, 2021
Should Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP) staff receive professional training?

Should Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP) staff receive professional training?

29th July, 2021
Could Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP) provide transport services in community?

Could Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP) provide transport services in community?

29th July, 2021
How does the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP) maintain liaison with other agencies?

How does the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP) maintain liaison with other agencies?

29th July, 2021
What is day hospital?

What is day hospital?

29th July, 2021
How do crisis resolution and home treatment teams provide services for elderly?

How do crisis resolution and home treatment teams provide services for elderly?

29th July, 2021
What are advantages of the follow-up at home service?

What are advantages of the follow-up at home service?

29th July, 2021
What are the roles of occupational therapists (OTs) in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

What are the roles of occupational therapists (OTs) in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

29th July, 2021
What are the roles of social workers in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

What are the roles of social workers in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

29th July, 2021
What are the roles of community psychiatric nurses (CPNs) in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

What are the roles of community psychiatric nurses (CPNs) in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

29th July, 2021
What are the roles of Psychiatrists in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

What are the roles of Psychiatrists in the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

29th July, 2021
What is the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

What is the Community Mental Health Team for Older People (CMHTOP)?

29th July, 2021
How does a couple negotiate elder care?

How does a couple negotiate elder care?

29th July, 2021
I want to know more about the role reversal between mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law in China these years, thanks!

I want to know more about the role reversal between mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law in China these years, thanks!

29th July, 2021
What are the emotional crises for rural elderly people?

What are the emotional crises for rural elderly people?

29th July, 2021
What challenges does migrant work pose to elderly care?

What challenges does migrant work pose to elderly care?

29th July, 2021
Has the social status of rural elderly people changed in the era of migration?

Has the social status of rural elderly people changed in the era of migration?

29th July, 2021
What does phone call mean to the elderly people?

What does phone call mean to the elderly people?

29th July, 2021
I want to know more about the influence of migrant work on elderly care in China, thanks!

I want to know more about the influence of migrant work on elderly care in China, thanks!

29th July, 2021
What is an ideal “fortunate” later life like in rural China?

What is an ideal “fortunate” later life like in rural China?

29th July, 2021
Are there any differences in the filial responsibilities of adult sons, daughters and daughters-in-law in rural China?

Are there any differences in the filial responsibilities of adult sons, daughters and daughters-in-law in rural China?

29th July, 2021
What type of adult children could be regarded as filial in China?

What type of adult children could be regarded as filial in China?

29th July, 2021
I want to know the relationship between globalization and care field. Thanks!

I want to know the relationship between globalization and care field. Thanks!

29th July, 2021
What kind of effects does de-gendering push have on the various forms of care?

What kind of effects does de-gendering push have on the various forms of care?

29th July, 2021
How does stereotypical gender awareness manifest itself in the field of elder care?

How does stereotypical gender awareness manifest itself in the field of elder care?

29th July, 2021
Have the images of old age changed these years?

Have the images of old age changed these years?

29th July, 2021
Are there any struggles in the professional field?

Are there any struggles in the professional field?

29th July, 2021
Has markets for elderly care developed these years?

Has markets for elderly care developed these years?

29th July, 2021
What is the role of an advanced practice nurse (APN)?

What is the role of an advanced practice nurse (APN)?

28th July, 2021
What are the components of a geriatric interdisciplinary team?

What are the components of a geriatric interdisciplinary team?

28th July, 2021
Are shared vision and common goals important in the geriatric interdisciplinary teams?

Are shared vision and common goals important in the geriatric interdisciplinary teams?

28th July, 2021
What does psychological abuse mean to the elderly?

What does psychological abuse mean to the elderly?

28th July, 2021
What is the role of team leader in a geriatric interdisciplinary team?

What is the role of team leader in a geriatric interdisciplinary team?

28th July, 2021
What special challenges do older persons face when they are hospitalized?

What special challenges do older persons face when they are hospitalized?

28th July, 2021
What is the definition of physical abuse on the elderly?

What is the definition of physical abuse on the elderly?

28th July, 2021
Why examining the role culture in the definition of elderly maltreatment (EM) is important?

Why examining the role culture in the definition of elderly maltreatment (EM) is important?

28th July, 2021
What is the Acute Care for Elders?

What is the Acute Care for Elders?

28th July, 2021
What does financial abuse mean to the elderly?

What does financial abuse mean to the elderly?

28th July, 2021
What challenges are there in the definition of elderly maltreatment (EM) within cultural contexts?

What challenges are there in the definition of elderly maltreatment (EM) within cultural contexts?

28th July, 2021
What is the definition of elder neglect?

What is the definition of elder neglect?

28th July, 2021
Why the definition of elder maltreatment (EM) varies in the field of research and practice?

Why the definition of elder maltreatment (EM) varies in the field of research and practice?

28th July, 2021
What is the most important issue in implementing inclusive education policies?

What is the most important issue in implementing inclusive education policies?

28th July, 2021
Why client-centred approach is important in the training of postgraduate students?

Why client-centred approach is important in the training of postgraduate students?

28th July, 2021
I want to know more about the development of postgraduate training programmes in disability studies, thanks!

I want to know more about the development of postgraduate training programmes in disability studies, thanks!

28th July, 2021
What are the barriers for students with disabilities to choose a professional career?

What are the barriers for students with disabilities to choose a professional career?

28th July, 2021
What are the barriers for students with disabilities to entering higher education?

What are the barriers for students with disabilities to entering higher education?

28th July, 2021
What are the challenges on the implementation of inclusion education for children with disabilities?

What are the challenges on the implementation of inclusion education for children with disabilities?

28th July, 2021
I want to know more about inclusive education for people with disabilities, thanks!

I want to know more about inclusive education for people with disabilities, thanks!

28th July, 2021
What do you think about the separate systems of education for people with disabilities?

What do you think about the separate systems of education for people with disabilities?

28th July, 2021
What are the impacts of childhood disability on the community?

What are the impacts of childhood disability on the community?

28th July, 2021
What would most improve the lives of children with disabilities?

What would most improve the lives of children with disabilities?

28th July, 2021
What are the impacts of a disabled child on the family?

What are the impacts of a disabled child on the family?

28th July, 2021
What are the challenges facing the disability movement?

What are the challenges facing the disability movement?

28th July, 2021
I want to know the impact of disability on children, thanks!

I want to know the impact of disability on children, thanks!

28th July, 2021
What are the causes of childhood disability?

What are the causes of childhood disability?

24th July, 2021
How to collect disability data on children?

How to collect disability data on children?

24th July, 2021
How to measure disability?

How to measure disability?

24th July, 2021
What kind of challenges would low-income countries face to develop assistive technology?

What kind of challenges would low-income countries face to develop assistive technology?

24th July, 2021
What is the status of rehabilitative services for people with disabilities in developing countries?

What is the status of rehabilitative services for people with disabilities in developing countries?

24th July, 2021
What international documents are driving the development of assistive technology for people with disabilities?

What international documents are driving the development of assistive technology for people with disabilities?

24th July, 2021
Are people with disabilities at higher risk of poverty?

Are people with disabilities at higher risk of poverty?

22nd July, 2021
What is the educational situation of people with disabilities?

What is the educational situation of people with disabilities?

22nd July, 2021
Are people with disabilities at higher risk of abuse?

Are people with disabilities at higher risk of abuse?

22nd July, 2021
I want to know more about Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD), thanks!

I want to know more about Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD), thanks!

22nd July, 2021
What does empowerment mean to people with disabilities?

What does empowerment mean to people with disabilities?

22nd July, 2021
I want to know more about African Community-based Rehabilitation Network (CAN), thanks!

I want to know more about African Community-based Rehabilitation Network (CAN), thanks!

22nd July, 2021
Why disability studies are at the centre of social and medical science?

Why disability studies are at the centre of social and medical science?

16th June, 2021
What are the goals of Christian Blind Mission (CBM)? 


What are the goals of Christian Blind Mission (CBM)? 


16th June, 2021
I want to know more about the African Network on Evidence-to-Action (AfriNEAD ), thanks!

I want to know more about the African Network on Evidence-to-Action (AfriNEAD ), thanks!

16th June, 2021
What are criteria developed by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) Disability Knowledge and Research (KaR) Program for researchers wishing to contribute to the DisabilityKaR program?

What are criteria developed by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) Disability Knowledge and Research (KaR) Program for researchers wishing to contribute to the DisabilityKaR pro ...

16th June, 2021
Has Africa’s disability policy improved in recent years?

Has Africa's disability policy improved in recent years?

16th June, 2021
What are the goals of Disabled Peoples Internationals (DPI)?

What are the goals of Disabled Peoples Internationals (DPI)?

16th June, 2021
What is the role of networks for persons with disabilities?

What is the role of networks for persons with disabilities?

11th June, 2021
Are there any landmark networking events about persons with disabilities?

Are there any landmark networking events about persons with disabilities?

11th June, 2021
I want to know more about the “ubuntu” approach in South Africa, thanks!

I want to know more about the “ubuntu” approach in South Africa, thanks!

11th June, 2021
What kind or barriers would young persons with disabilities may face when entering labour market?

What kind or barriers would young persons with disabilities may face when entering labour market?

11th June, 2021
What kind of barriers would people with disabilities in developing countries face?

What kind of barriers would people with disabilities in developing countries face?

11th June, 2021
How does disability affect persons?

How does disability affect persons?

11th June, 2021
What are the strengths and weaknesses of currently used definitions and data collection methods on disability prevalence?

What are the strengths and weaknesses of currently used definitions and data collection methods on disability prevalence?

11th June, 2021
What types of work disabilities are there?

What types of work disabilities are there?

11th June, 2021
Are there any studies on educational participation of children with disabilities?

Are there any studies on educational participation of children with disabilities?

11th June, 2021
What kind of barriers may hinder children with disabilities from attending school?

What kind of barriers may hinder children with disabilities from attending school?

11th June, 2021
Are there any theoretical approaches to analyze the links between disability and poverty?

Are there any theoretical approaches to analyze the links between disability and poverty?

11th June, 2021
Are there any problems in the research field of disability and poverty?

Are there any problems in the research field of disability and poverty?

11th June, 2021
I want to know more about empowerment for poor people with disabilities, thanks!

I want to know more about empowerment for poor people with disabilities, thanks!

11th June, 2021
How to overcome poverty for people with a disability?

How to overcome poverty for people with a disability?

11th June, 2021
What is the impact of religion on poor people with disabilities?

What is the impact of religion on poor people with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
How poverty affects the marriage of people with disabilities?

How poverty affects the marriage of people with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
What is the relationship between disability and poverty?

What is the relationship between disability and poverty?

10th June, 2021
Is social model well suited to analyze the problem of disability and poverty?

Is social model well suited to analyze the problem of disability and poverty?

10th June, 2021
Why people with disabilities is a unique group in the issue of poverty?

Why people with disabilities is a unique group in the issue of poverty?

10th June, 2021
What kind of efforts could we make to help families caring for children with disabilities?

What kind of efforts could we make to help families caring for children with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
What assumptions do health care providers make that limit health care for people with disabilities?

What assumptions do health care providers make that limit health care for people with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
What obstacles would people with disabilities encounter in social life?

What obstacles would people with disabilities encounter in social life?

10th June, 2021
Does disability always lead to poor health status?

Does disability always lead to poor health status?

10th June, 2021
Are there any differences in the understanding of disability from different perspectives?

Are there any differences in the understanding of disability from different perspectives?

10th June, 2021
Can professionals use Erikson’s theory when communicating with people with disabilities?

Can professionals use Erikson’s theory when communicating with people with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
What are the advantage and the disadvantage of special education being governed by federal, state, and local school district mandates?

What are the advantage and the disadvantage of special education being governed by federal, state, and local school district mandates?

10th June, 2021
I want to know more about negotiation of disabled romantic relationships, thanks!

I want to know more about negotiation of disabled romantic relationships, thanks!

10th June, 2021
How people with disabilities feel differently from normal people when they get along with their partners?

How people with disabilities feel differently from normal people when they get along with their partners?

10th June, 2021
What children with disabilities will experience in the process of interacting with their peers?

What children with disabilities will experience in the process of interacting with their peers?

10th June, 2021
I want to know more about the situation when adolescencts with disabilities facing romantic relationships, thanks!

I want to know more about the situation when adolescencts with disabilities facing romantic relationships, thanks!

10th June, 2021
What challenges would children with disabilities face in their development process?

What challenges would children with disabilities face in their development process?

10th June, 2021
What is the relationship between victimization and conflict with focus on people with disability?

What is the relationship between victimization and conflict with focus on people with disability?

10th June, 2021
Should we give first preference to physical activity then medical aid for an obese mentally challenged individual?

Should we give first preference to physical activity then medical aid for an obese mentally challenged individual?

10th June, 2021
Does anyone have or know of research on self-employment for people with disabilities?

Does anyone have or know of research on self-employment for people with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
Does anyone have experience with Industry 4.0 and accessible technologies for people with disabilities?

Does anyone have experience with Industry 4.0 and accessible technologies for people with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
Is there research applying positive psychology in people with disabilities?

Is there research applying positive psychology in people with disabilities?

10th June, 2021
How would you help a physically impaired person to develop to be useful to the society?

How would you help a physically impaired person to develop to be useful to the society?

10th June, 2021
What is the most important thing to consider in communication with the mentally disabled?

What is the most important thing to consider in communication with the mentally disabled?

10th June, 2021
How does acute or chronic illness effect young people’s cognitive development?

How does acute or chronic illness effect young people’s cognitive development?

10th June, 2021
Can you please provide me some examples on websites helping young people get help?

Can you please provide me some examples on websites helping young people get help?

10th June, 2021
What should I consider when I work with young people’s blogs in therapy?

What should I consider when I work with young people’s blogs in therapy?

10th June, 2021
Are there any online clinical resources for working with young people?

Are there any online clinical resources for working with young people?

10th June, 2021
Could you please give me some suggestions if I will work with young people seeking communities online?

Could you please give me some suggestions if I will work with young people seeking communities online?

10th June, 2021
What does online peer support network mean to adolescents?

What does online peer support network mean to adolescents?

10th June, 2021
What roles could technology play in the life of adolescents?

What roles could technology play in the life of adolescents?

10th June, 2021
Does parents’ stress and distress related to the health conditions of adolescents?

Does parents’ stress and distress related to the health conditions of adolescents?

10th June, 2021
How do parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs influence the treatment of adolescents?

How do parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs influence the treatment of adolescents?

9th June, 2021
What impact does a good family environment have on adolescent development?

What impact does a good family environment have on adolescent development?

9th June, 2021
What does supportive parental involvement mean in the field of adolescent health management?

What does supportive parental involvement mean in the field of adolescent health management?

9th June, 2021
What are the exceptions to the duty of confidentiality?

What are the exceptions to the duty of confidentiality?

9th June, 2021
Is confidentiality important for young people in the clinical context?

Is confidentiality important for young people in the clinical context?

9th June, 2021
I want to know more about the assessment of young people’s cognitive abilities and maturity, thanks!

I want to know more about the assessment of young people’s cognitive abilities and maturity, thanks!

9th June, 2021
Do young people have a right to refuse treatment when they are con- sidered competent? Do young people have a right to refuse treatment when they are con- sidered competent? Do young people have a right to refuse treatment when they are considered competent?

Do young people have a right to refuse treatment when they are con-
sidered competent?

9th June, 2021
When is a young person not deemed to be mature minor?

When is a young person not deemed to be mature minor?

9th June, 2021
How to assess young people’s competence?

How to assess young people’s competence?

9th June, 2021
Could anyone give me some practical suggestions to help make the office visit more productive and rewarding?

Could anyone give me some practical suggestions to help make the office visit more productive and rewarding?

9th June, 2021
What abilities should health professionals have to communicate with adolescents?

What abilities should health professionals have to communicate with adolescents?

9th June, 2021
What influences young people’s expectation for housing?

What influences young people’s expectation for housing?

9th June, 2021
How to establish a contact with the adolescents?

How to establish a contact with the adolescents?

9th June, 2021
I want to know more about the body image of young people, thanks!

I want to know more about the body image of young people, thanks!

9th June, 2021
Are there any attitudes and behaviours that will facilitate communication with young people?

Are there any attitudes and behaviours that will facilitate communication with young people?

9th June, 2021
What are the differences between Eastern and Western cultures in shaping youth development?

What are the differences between Eastern and Western cultures in shaping youth development?

9th June, 2021
What role does peer group play in youth development?

What role does peer group play in youth development?

5th June, 2021
What are the characteristics of later adolescence and young adulthood (17–26 years)?

What are the characteristics of later adolescence and young adulthood (17–26 years)?

5th June, 2021
What are the developmental tasks for adolescents and young adults?

What are the developmental tasks for adolescents and young adults?

5th June, 2021
What are the characteristics of mid-adolescence (14–16 years)?

What are the characteristics of mid-adolescence (14–16 years)?

5th June, 2021
I want to know more about the moral development of adolescents, thanks!

I want to know more about the moral development of adolescents, thanks!

5th June, 2021
What role does school play in youth development?

What role does school play in youth development?

5th June, 2021
What do you think about the term of “adolescence”?

What do you think about the term of “adolescence”?

4th June, 2021
What are the characteristics of early adolescence (10–13 years)?

What are the characteristics of early adolescence (10–13 years)?

4th June, 2021
What are the main areas of transition in adolescence?

What are the main areas of transition in adolescence?

4th June, 2021
What are the characteristics of adolescents from a psychoanalytic perspective?

What are the characteristics of adolescents from a psychoanalytic perspective?

4th June, 2021
Is on line counselling effective for young people?

Is on line counselling effective for young people?

4th June, 2021
Is there evidence-based research on ways of increasing creativity in older people?

Is there evidence-based research on ways of increasing creativity in older people?

4th June, 2021
How does health professionals’ knowledge and attitudes affect the care of patients with dementia?

How does health professionals’ knowledge and attitudes affect the care of patients with dementia?

4th June, 2021
How we can reduce the negative impact of technology on aged in aged care homes?

How we can reduce the negative impact of technology on aged in aged care homes?

4th June, 2021
Is anyone aware of successful interventions to improve care of people with dementia in the Emergency Department?

Is anyone aware of successful interventions to improve care of people with dementia in the Emergency Department?

4th June, 2021
Do people value religion more as they get older?

Do people value religion more as they get older?

4th June, 2021
How would you measure malnutrition in older people?

How would you measure malnutrition in older people?

4th June, 2021
Can anybody offer me a validated questionnaire for financial literacy among the elderly?

Can anybody offer me a validated questionnaire for financial literacy among the elderly?

4th June, 2021
How can we efficiently treat elderly persons suffering from depression and dementia?

How can we efficiently treat elderly persons suffering from depression and dementia?

4th June, 2021
Does anybody know how to evaluate the impact of physical exercises on memory for elderly people?

Does anybody know how to evaluate the impact of physical exercises on memory for elderly people?

4th June, 2021
I want to know more about the interpretations of empowerment about older persons and their health care, thanks!

I want to know more about the interpretations of empowerment about older persons and their health care, thanks!

4th June, 2021
I want to know more about hospice care, thanks!

I want to know more about hospice care, thanks!

4th June, 2021
What do you think about the volunteering in older people?

What do you think about the volunteering in older people?

4th June, 2021
I want to know more about the interdisciplinary team approach in the field of elderly services, thank you!

I want to know more about the interdisciplinary team approach in the field of elderly services, thank you!

4th June, 2021
What role does technology play in the lives of rural elderly people?

What role does technology play in the lives of rural elderly people?

4th June, 2021
What does “remaining engaged” mean to the older adults?

What does “remaining engaged” mean to the older adults?

4th June, 2021
What is meant by the term “well older adults”?

What is meant by the term “well older adults”?

4th June, 2021
What are the barriers to services for rural older adults?

What are the barriers to services for rural older adults?

4th June, 2021
I want to know more about the service needs of rural older adults. Thanks!

I want to know more about the service needs of rural older adults. Thanks!

4th June, 2021
What are the reasons for the gap in the level of services for the elderly between urban and rural areas?

What are the reasons for the gap in the level of services for the elderly between urban and rural areas?

4th June, 2021
Are there any challenges social minority older adults such as LGBT persons may face?

Are there any challenges social minority older adults such as LGBT persons may face?

3rd June, 2021
What is the role of rural communities in promoting the physical and mental health of the elderly?

What is the role of rural communities in promoting the physical and mental health of the elderly?

3rd June, 2021
I want to know more about the condition of access to health services for rural older adults, thanks!

I want to know more about the condition of access to health services for rural older adults, thanks!

3rd June, 2021
What are the characteristics of the rural elderly compared to the urban elderly?

What are the characteristics of the rural elderly compared to the urban elderly?

3rd June, 2021
What are the challenges for rural older adults?

What are the challenges for rural older adults?

3rd June, 2021
Why is it important to know more about rural aging?

Why is it important to know more about rural aging?

3rd June, 2021
Are there any persistent and emerging issues that will need to be addressed by the aging networks?

Are there any persistent and emerging issues that will need to be addressed by the aging networks?

3rd June, 2021
What are the priorities for addressing the elder abuse crisis?

What are the priorities for addressing the elder abuse crisis?

3rd June, 2021
I want to know more about elder abuse, thanks!

I want to know more about elder abuse, thanks!

3rd June, 2021
What kind of services does the “adult day service” cover?

What kind of services does the “adult day service” cover?

3rd June, 2021
What do the “adult day services” mean?

What do the “adult day services” mean?

3rd June, 2021
I want to know more about the Pearls Program, thanks!

I want to know more about the Pearls Program, thanks!

3rd June, 2021
Are there any examples of intervention programs targeted to caregivers of persons with Alzheimer’s disease?

Are there any examples of intervention programs targeted to caregivers of persons with Alzheimer’s disease?

3rd June, 2021
What is an aging-friendly community like?

What is an aging-friendly community like?

3rd June, 2021
What are the general causes of suicide in the elderly?

What are the general causes of suicide in the elderly?

3rd June, 2021
Is there a high prevalence of mental illness in the elderly?

Is there a high prevalence of mental illness in the elderly?

3rd June, 2021
Does anyone know about the program of Improving Mood-Promoting Access to Collaborative Treatment (IMPACT)?

Does anyone know about the program of Improving Mood-Promoting Access to Collaborative Treatment (IMPACT)?

3rd June, 2021
Are there any misunderstanding of the elderly?

Are there any misunderstanding of the elderly?

3rd June, 2021
Who will pay for the long-term services and support (LTSS) network?

Who will pay for the long-term services and support (LTSS) network?

3rd June, 2021
What are the components of the long-term services and support (LTSS) network?

What are the components of the long-term services and support (LTSS) network?

3rd June, 2021
What does health care professionals cover?

What does health care professionals cover?

3rd June, 2021
In general, who takes the major responsibility to take care of the vast majority of the elderly?

In general, who takes the major responsibility to take care of the vast majority of the elderly?

3rd June, 2021
I want to know more about transportation services for the elderly, thanks!

I want to know more about transportation services for the elderly, thanks!

3rd June, 2021
What is the long-term services and support (LTSS) network?

What is the long-term services and support (LTSS) network?

3rd June, 2021
Why is knowledge about long-term services and support (LTSS) important for the American public?

Why is knowledge about long-term services and support (LTSS) important for the American public?

3rd June, 2021
What are the most pressing needs of the elderly’s caregivers?

What are the most pressing needs of the elderly’s caregivers?

3rd June, 2021
What scale would you recommend for assessing the communicative competencies of caregivers in Dementia care?

What scale would you recommend for assessing the communicative competencies of caregivers in Dementia care?

3rd June, 2021
Can a psychological distancing tool benefit families in coping with ‘caregiver burden’ associated with caring for a relative with dementia?

Can a psychological distancing tool benefit families in coping with 'caregiver burden' associated with caring for a relative with dementia?

3rd June, 2021
Can we improve the social interaction of the elderly by assisting the practice of reminiscence?

Can we improve the social interaction of the elderly by assisting the practice of reminiscence?

3rd June, 2021
What are the determinants of cohesion or breakdown of families having members with disabilities of all ages?

What are the determinants of cohesion or breakdown of families having members with disabilities of all ages?

3rd June, 2021
I wondered what would be good to read in relation to the social model and learning difficulties/autism and in relation to inclusion and learning difficulties.

I wondered what would be good to read in relation to the social model and learning difficulties/autism and in relation to inclusion and learning difficulties.

3rd June, 2021
What is the easiest and quickest (screening) method to evaluate the degree (mild, moderate or severe) of intellectual disability?

What is the easiest and quickest (screening) method to evaluate the degree (mild, moderate or severe) of intellectual disability?

3rd June, 2021
Does early intervention have any effect on the development of logical thinking and reasoning skills of deaf and hard of hearing?

Does early intervention have any effect on the development of logical thinking and reasoning skills of deaf and hard of hearing?

3rd June, 2021
I’m looking for appropriate measures to research risks perceptions parents of disabled children hold.

I'm looking for appropriate measures to research risks perceptions parents of disabled children hold.

3rd June, 2021
How could persons with disabilities get access to multimedia systems?

How could persons with disabilities get access to multimedia systems?

3rd June, 2021
What are your opinions about the concept of normalization of people with disabilities?

What are your opinions about the concept of normalization of people with disabilities?

3rd June, 2021
Among the well-known and analyzed existing models of disability in the literature, (such as medical and social, along with many of their variants) the interesting issue would be associated with cultures. What is the cultural model of disability?

Among the well-known and analyzed existing models of disability in the literature, (such as medical and social, along with many of their variants) the interesting issue would be associated with cu ...

3rd June, 2021
What theories underlie the current disability discourse of the twenty-first century?

What theories underlie the current disability discourse of the twenty-first century?

3rd June, 2021
Can anyone suggest any articles on the perceptions and attitudes of homework parents of disabled students?

Can anyone suggest any articles on the perceptions and attitudes of homework parents of disabled students?

2nd June, 2021
How university facilitates or impedes the study of students with various disabilities?

How university facilitates or impedes the study of students with various disabilities?

2nd June, 2021
How to design learning tools for severe and profound and/or multiple disabilities children?

How to design learning tools for severe and profound and/or multiple disabilities children?

2nd June, 2021
I am aware of many studies that try to measure the costs of disability through a “standards of living” approach, but is anyone aware of studies that try to measure the direct costs of disability — that is the extra expenditures made by families with members with disabilities — especially in developing countries?

I am aware of many studies that try to measure the costs of disability through a "standards of living" approach, but is anyone aware of studies that try to measure the direct costs of disability - ...

2nd June, 2021
Someone knows some relevant studies on disability and success in higher education?

Someone knows some relevant studies on disability and success in higher education?

2nd June, 2021
What are some tools that you can use to analyse social policies on disabilities?

What are some tools that you can use to analyse social policies on disabilities?

2nd June, 2021
I am doing a research on teaching social skills for studies with disabilities, and I have been advised and recommended to used Bourdieu’s theories as a theoretical framework. However, I could not see a clear implication of his theories on disabilities studies except that he mentioned social inequality and social injustice. Does anyone see any connection?

I am doing a research on teaching social skills for studies with disabilities, and I have been advised and recommended to used Bourdieu's theories as a theoretical framework. However, I could not ...

2nd June, 2021
Is there a Quality of Life questionnaire for people (adults) with a mild intellectual disability?

Is there a Quality of Life questionnaire for people (adults) with a mild intellectual disability?

2nd June, 2021
Is there a routine psychological outcome measure appropriate for people with mild to severe intellectual/learning disabilities?

Is there a routine psychological outcome measure appropriate for people with mild to severe intellectual/learning disabilities?

2nd June, 2021
What is the best way to test effort during psychometric assessment of a person with a mild intellectual disability?

What is the best way to test effort during psychometric assessment of a person with a mild intellectual disability?

2nd June, 2021
Is there a framework that could be referred to design a curriculum for children with severe disabilities?

Is there a framework that could be referred to design a curriculum for children with severe disabilities?

31st May, 2021
I am attempting to view my ongoing research on the relationship between police and young adults with mental vulnerabilities through the lens of critical disability theory. And I want to know how do scholars of critical disability studies understand psychiatric disorders?

I am attempting to view my ongoing research on the relationship between police and young adults with mental vulnerabilities through the lens of critical disability theory. And I want to know how d ...

31st May, 2021
I am interested in disability studies and social construction of disability. Anything to get insight in state of important literature?

I am interested in disability studies and social construction of disability. Anything to get insight in state of important literature?

31st May, 2021
Does anyone know of any good longitudinal research on disability studies?

Does anyone know of any good longitudinal research on disability studies?

31st May, 2021
Do you know of any sexual discrimination questionnaire that addresses relevant topics for disabled people?

Do you know of any sexual discrimination questionnaire that addresses relevant topics for disabled people?

31st May, 2021
Can you suggest articles on suicides and physical disabilities?

Can you suggest articles on suicides and physical disabilities?

31st May, 2021
I find it hard to find literature on issues such as technology design for handicapped people, e-learning for handicapped people etc. Can you help?

I find it hard to find literature on issues such as technology design for handicapped people, e-learning for handicapped people etc. Can you help?

31st May, 2021
How has economic globalization influenced disability?

How has economic globalization influenced disability?

31st May, 2021
Which type of disability is most impacting these minority under COVID-19?

Which type of disability is most impacting these minority under COVID-19?

31st May, 2021
Does anyone have any thoughts regarding psychological rehabilitation programs and methods and their application to disabled people?

Does anyone have any thoughts regarding psychological rehabilitation programs and methods and their application to disabled people?

31st May, 2021
Do you know some valid tools for assessing the communication skills in adults with severe and/or profound intellctual disabilities?

Do you know some valid tools for assessing the communication skills in adults with severe and/or profound intellctual disabilities?

28th May, 2021
Does anyone know where I could find Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) in mathematics for primary students with mild disabilities?

Does anyone know where I could find Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) in mathematics for primary students with mild disabilities?

28th May, 2021
Can anyone suggest innovative research about food security/insecurity and people with disabilities to help inform a new project?

Can anyone suggest innovative research about food security/insecurity and people with disabilities to help inform a new project?

27th May, 2021
What are the grade level requirements for children with disabilities?

What are the grade level requirements for children with disabilities?

27th May, 2021
Does early intervention have any effect on the development of logical thinking and reasoning skills of deaf and hard of hearing?

Does early intervention have any effect on the dev

27th May, 2021
Does anybody know a scale to evaluate empowerment levels of people with intellectual disability?

Does anybody know a scale to evaluate empowerment levels of people with intellectual disability?

27th May, 2021
Which is more important in special education? Academic progress or inclusion?

Which is more important in special education? Academic progress or inclusion?

27th May, 2021
Is the applied behaviour analysis an appropriate method to teach individuals with developmental disabilities to protect themselves against COVID-19?

Is the applied behaviour analysis an appropriate method to teach individuals with developmental disabilities to protect themselves against COVID-19?

27th May, 2021
Do people with ASD and ADHD have similar learning disabilities?

Do people with ASD and ADHD have similar learning disabilities?

27th May, 2021
Does anyone have any recommendations on a good instrument (questionnaire) for assessing the quality of life (QOL) of people with intellectual disability?

Does anyone have any recommendations on a good instrument (questionnaire) for assessing the quality of life (QOL) of people with intellectual disability?

27th May, 2021
What impact can domestic violence have on disabled children (autism, cognitive disabilities)?

What impact can domestic violence have on disabled children (autism, cognitive disabilities)?

27th May, 2021
I’m researching Intellectual Disability, how will COVID-19 impact children with autism?

I'm researching Intellectual Disability, how will COVID-19 impact children with autism?

27th May, 2021
Why people with disabilities have been less included and less involved in society?

Why people with disabilities have been less included and less involved in society?

27th May, 2021
I want know the appropriate scale about social skills for adolescents with moderate intellectual disabilities?

I want know the appropriate scale about social skills for adolescents with moderate intellectual disabilities?

27th May, 2021
What are the initial targets of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)?

What are the initial targets of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)?

27th May, 2021
I want to know more about the current situation of discrimination against people with disabilities, many thanks!

I want to know more about the current situation of discrimination against people with disabilities, many thanks!

27th May, 2021
Are there any barriers for people with disabilities to be included?

Are there any barriers for people with disabilities to be included?

27th May, 2021
What are the actions of the interdependent paradigm for people with disabilities?

What are the actions of the interdependent paradigm for people with disabilities?

27th May, 2021
How to enhance self-determination for people with disabilities?

How to enhance self-determination for people with disabilities?

27th May, 2021
Why do we want people with disabilities to be interdependent?

Why do we want people with disabilities to be interdependent?

27th May, 2021
What does self-determination mean to people with disabilities?

What does self-determination mean to people with disabilities?

27th May, 2021
What does the normalization principle mean?

What does the normalization principle mean?

27th May, 2021
What are the principles of Quality of Life central to the Person-centred Approach?

What are the principles of Quality of Life central to the Person-centred Approach?

27th May, 2021
What is the definition of “disablement”?

What is the definition of “disablement”?

27th May, 2021
Is the definition of disability related to relevant programs or surveys?

Is the definition of disability related to relevant programs or surveys?

27th May, 2021
What does “activity limitation” mean?

What does “activity limitation” mean?

27th May, 2021
Can anyone give me some recommendations that will put both me and the person with the disability more at ease?

Can anyone give me some recommendations that will put both me and the person with the disability more at ease?

27th May, 2021
Is there any databases on the appropriate language in the service for individuals with disabilities?

Is there any databases on the appropriate language in the service for individuals with disabilities?

27th May, 2021
What is participation restriction?

What is participation restriction?

27th May, 2021
Why proper language use is important in the field of services for people with disabilities?

Why proper language use is important in the field of services for people with disabilities?

27th May, 2021
I want to know more about impairment. Thanks!

I want to know more about impairment. Thanks!

27th May, 2021
What positive impact do quality inclusive recreation and leisure activities have on people with disabilities in the community?

What positive impact do quality inclusive recreation and leisure activities have on people with disabilities in the community?

27th May, 2021
Could anyone give me a clear clarification of people with disabilities?

Could anyone give me a clear clarification of people with disabilities?

27th May, 2021
I am going to measure the self-esteem of children in Hong Kong. Do you have any recommendations for a proper scale?

I am going to measure the self-esteem of children in Hong Kong. Do you have any recommendations for a proper scale?

27th May, 2021
Are children who grow up in low-income households more likely to quit education?

Are children who grow up in low-income households more likely to quit education?

27th May, 2021
Would you please explain the relationship between child poverty and malnutrition?

Would you please explain the relationship between child poverty and malnutrition?

27th May, 2021
What is the situation of child poverty in Hong Kong?

What is the situation of child poverty in Hong Kong?

27th May, 2021
Speaking of inter-generational poverty, could you please elaborate a bit more?

Speaking of inter-generational poverty, could you please elaborate a bit more?

27th May, 2021
Can CSSA recipients apply for WFA at the same time?

Can CSSA recipients apply for WFA at the same time?

27th May, 2021
What is the amount of subsidies of WFA?

What is the amount of subsidies of WFA?

27th May, 2021
Could you please introduce the meaning and function of WFA in poverty alleviation?

Could you please introduce the meaning and function of WFA in poverty alleviation?

26th May, 2021
What is the impact of non-recurrent cash measures on poverty alleviation?

What is the impact of non-recurrent cash measures on poverty alleviation?

26th May, 2021
After the Government’s recurrent cash intervention, what is the poverty rate then?

After the Government’s recurrent cash intervention, what is the poverty rate then?

26th May, 2021
What is the latest poverty rate in Hong Kong?

What is the latest poverty rate in Hong Kong?

26th May, 2021
Who can apply for ERF? Is it a compensation?

Who can apply for ERF? Is it a compensation?

26th May, 2021
What is the emergency relief fund (ERF)?

What is the emergency relief fund (ERF)?

26th May, 2021
Any measures to take to eradicate the poverty among urban populations affected by the COVID-19 in Hong Kong?

Any measures to take to eradicate the poverty among urban populations affected by the COVID-19 in Hong Kong?

26th May, 2021
The COVID-19 has badly hit the wage earners in the informal economies and service sectors, who become vulnerable populations under pandemic. What problems will they face?

The COVID-19 has badly hit the wage earners in the informal economies and service sectors, who become vulnerable populations under pandemic. What problems will they face?

26th May, 2021
Then, which district has the worst homeless problem?

Then, which district has the worst homeless problem?

26th May, 2021
In Hong Kong, there have been “McRefugees” who sleep at McDonald’s outlets overnight. For these homeless people, what services can be delivered to them?

In Hong Kong, there have been “McRefugees” who sleep at McDonald’s outlets overnight. For these homeless people, what services can be delivered to them?

26th May, 2021
I hear of the Short-term Food Assistance Service Projects (STFASPs), which aim to support individuals and families with difficulties coping with their daily food expenditure. Under the threat of epidemic, do you have any idea how the Government will respond to the increasing needs?

I hear of the Short-term Food Assistance Service Projects (STFASPs), which aim to support individuals and families with difficulties coping with their daily food expenditure. Under the threat of e ...

26th May, 2021
What is the threshold of the Public Transport Fare Subsidy Scheme?

What is the threshold of the Public Transport Fare Subsidy Scheme?

26th May, 2021
In the past year, many people suffer from unemployment due to the epidemic and economic downturn. Is there any measure that Government takes to tackle the problem?

In the past year, many people suffer from unemployment due to the epidemic and economic downturn. Is there any measure that Government takes to tackle the problem?

26th May, 2021
Could you please introduce the current non-means-tested benefits in Hong Kong?

Could you please introduce the current non-means-tested benefits in Hong Kong?

26th May, 2021
So the definition of elderly households requires all members to be elderly, but new arrival households need only one member as a new arrival. Do I understand correctly?

So the definition of elderly households requires all members to be elderly, but new arrival households need only one member as a new arrival. Do I understand correctly?

26th May, 2021
Do new-arrival households mean all members are One-way Permit Holders and reside in Hong Kong for less than seven years?

Do new-arrival households mean all members are One-way Permit Holders and reside in Hong Kong for less than seven years?

26th May, 2021
If there is one or two members aged below 65 in the household, then it is not counted as an elderly household. Am I right?

If there is one or two members aged below 65 in the household, then it is not counted as an elderly household. Am I right?

26th May, 2021
Do elderly households mean households that have elderly persons in them?

Do elderly households mean households that have elderly persons in them?

26th May, 2021
Is there any difference in the poverty line between employed elderly and unemployed elderly?

Is there any difference in the poverty line between employed elderly and unemployed elderly?

26th May, 2021
When did the Hong Kong government set the official poverty line?

When did the Hong Kong government set the official poverty line?

26th May, 2021
What are the governmental policies to alleviate poverty in Hong Kong? Could you please name a few?

What are the governmental policies to alleviate poverty in Hong Kong? Could you please name a few?

21st May, 2021
How about the poverty rate of the elderly aged 65 and above in Hong Kong?

How about the poverty rate of the elderly aged 65 and above in Hong Kong?

21st May, 2021
Why is the child poverty rate so high in the year 2019-2020?

Why is the child poverty rate so high in the year 2019-2020?

21st May, 2021
What is the poverty rate for the children group in Hong Kong?

What is the poverty rate for the children group in Hong Kong?

21st May, 2021
Could you please also explain what in-kind benefits are?

Could you please also explain what in-kind benefits are?

21st May, 2021
What do recurrent cash benefits mean in Hong Kong?

What do recurrent cash benefits mean in Hong Kong?

21st May, 2021
In Hong Kong, is the poverty line a relative or an absolute concept?

In Hong Kong, is the poverty line a relative or an absolute concept?

21st May, 2021
To be specific, which target groups are at the center of poverty alleviation policies?

To be specific, which target groups are at the center of poverty alleviation policies?

21st May, 2021
What is the guiding principle of the Government in regard to poverty alleviation?

What is the guiding principle of the Government in regard to poverty alleviation?

21st May, 2021
May I know the governmental relief measures against the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic?

May I know the governmental relief measures against the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic?

21st May, 2021
What if a person is under imprisonment or detention? Can he or she still receive OAA?

What if a person is under imprisonment or detention? Can he or she still receive OAA?

21st May, 2021
I do not know clearly about Old Age Allowance (OAA) in Hong Kong. Would you please help me with the definition?

I do not know clearly about Old Age Allowance (OAA) in Hong Kong. Would you please help me with the definition?

21st May, 2021
Is CLEIC means-tested?

Is CLEIC means-tested?

21st May, 2021
What is the in Criminal and Law Enforcement Injuries Compensation (CLEIC) Scheme Hong Kong?

What is the in Criminal and Law Enforcement Injuries Compensation (CLEIC) Scheme Hong Kong?

21st May, 2021
Is TAVA mean-tested?

Is TAVA mean-tested?

20th May, 2021
Dear MEL Institute, we are developing a service for persons affected by traffic accidents in Hong Kong. I hope to know, is there any social security scheme to protect financial assistance for traffic accident victims?

Dear MEL Institute, we are developing a service for persons affected by traffic accidents in Hong Kong. I hope to know, is there any social security scheme to protect financial assistance for traf ...

20th May, 2021
One of my clients is an able-bodied CSSA recipient. Where can he seek employment support services?

One of my clients is an able-bodied CSSA recipient. Where can he seek employment support services?

20th May, 2021
Could you please explain the function of the Social Security Appeal Board?

Could you please explain the function of the Social Security Appeal Board?

20th May, 2021
I am writing a proposal about the self-reliance program for CSSA recipients. Where can I find relevant statistics?

I am writing a proposal about the self-reliance program for CSSA recipients. Where can I find relevant statistics?

20th May, 2021
For the elderly CSSA recipients, can they receive cash assistance if they choose to retire permanently in the Guangdong or Fujian Province?

For the elderly CSSA recipients, can they receive cash assistance if they choose to retire permanently in the Guangdong or Fujian Province?

20th May, 2021
Then what is the component of the social security system in HK?

Then what is the component of the social security system in HK?

20th May, 2021
May I ask the nature of the current social security system? Is it contributory or non-contributory?

May I ask the nature of the current social security system? Is it contributory or non-contributory?

20th May, 2021
Can you give me some tips of community development evaluation?

Can you give me some tips of community development evaluation?

14th May, 2021
What skills should community development professionals possess?

What skills should community development professionals possess?

14th May, 2021
What are the skills required in community work?

What are the skills required in community work?

14th May, 2021
What is the benefit of community engagement?

What is the benefit of community engagement?

14th May, 2021
What is community building?

What is community building?

14th May, 2021
What is community organising?

What is community organising?

14th May, 2021
What are the elements of a community?

What are the elements of a community?

14th May, 2021
What is the community development in social work?

What is the community development in social work?

14th May, 2021
What are the characteristics of successful community development?

What are the characteristics of successful community development?

14th May, 2021
Why is community development important?

Why is community development important?

14th May, 2021
What is Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD)?

What is Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD)?

14th May, 2021
What is the role of a community development practitioner?

What is the role of a community development practitioner?

14th May, 2021
Who can do community development?

Who can do community development?

14th May, 2021
When is not appropriate to use community development?

When is not appropriate to use community development?

14th May, 2021
When to use community development?

When to use community development?

13th May, 2021
What is the differences between community-based work and community development work?

What is the differences between community-based work and community development work?

13th May, 2021
What is not community development?

What is not community development?

13th May, 2021
What are the outcomes of community development?

What are the outcomes of community development?

13th May, 2021
What are the five principles of community development?

What are the five principles of community development?

13th May, 2021
What are the characteristics of community development?

What are the characteristics of community development?

13th May, 2021
What do community developers do?

What do community developers do?

13th May, 2021
What are the communing efforts in community development?

What are the communing efforts in community development?

13th May, 2021
How can we understand the concept of the “development” within community development?

How can we understand the concept of the “development” within community development?

13th May, 2021
What are your suggestions for community development?

What are your suggestions for community development?

13th May, 2021
What is the role of the government between community and capital?

What is the role of the government between community and capital?

13th May, 2021
What is the goal for community development project?

What is the goal for community development project?

13th May, 2021
What does community development involve?

What does community development involve?

13th May, 2021
How to develop community resilience?

How to develop community resilience?

13th May, 2021
What is the definition of community resilience?

What is the definition of community resilience?

13th May, 2021
What are the current challenges facing community development?

What are the current challenges facing community development?

13th May, 2021
What are the social welfare concepts related to community development?

What are the social welfare concepts related to community development?

13th May, 2021
What do you think about community development work practices?

What do you think about community development work practices?

13th May, 2021
Under the influence of neo-liberalism, what areas should be paid more attention to in community development?

Under the influence of neo-liberalism, what areas should be paid more attention to in community development?

13th May, 2021
Has there been any change in the perception of community development in recent years?

Has there been any change in the perception of community development in recent years?

13th May, 2021
What are the characteristics of most opinions about community development?

What are the characteristics of most opinions about community development?

13th May, 2021
What are the approaches to community development?

What are the approaches to community development?

13th May, 2021
How to ensure the social welfare nature of community services?

How to ensure the social welfare nature of community services?

13th May, 2021
What is the difference between community development and community services?

What is the difference between community development and community services?

13th May, 2021
What problems need to be solved when the development of the community is limited?

What problems need to be solved when the development of the community is limited?

13th May, 2021
What difficulties does the traditional community service system face?

What difficulties does the traditional community service system face?

13th May, 2021
What are the innovative ideas of community service, can you give me an example?

What are the innovative ideas of community service, can you give me an example?

13th May, 2021
How to effectively use community resources?

How to effectively use community resources?

13th May, 2021
What principles should be followed in community services?

What principles should be followed in community services?

13th May, 2021
What are the functions of community services?

What are the functions of community services?

13th May, 2021
Who are the objectives of community services?

Who are the objectives of community services?

13th May, 2021
What are the advantages and necessity of professional social work involved in community public services?

What are the advantages and necessity of professional social work involved in community public services?

13th May, 2021
What is community public service?

What is community public service?

13th May, 2021
What is the objective of community development?

What is the objective of community development?

13th May, 2021
What is community development?

What is community development?

12th May, 2021
How NGOs can help in improving the lives of the poor?

How NGOs can help in improving the lives of the poor?

12th May, 2021
Why are public assistance programs important?

Why are public assistance programs important?

12th May, 2021
What is social assistance for poverty?

What is social assistance for poverty?

12th May, 2021
What are the differences between social assistance and social insurance?

What are the differences between social assistance and social insurance?

12th May, 2021
What indicators can we use to evaluate the success of a program?

What indicators can we use to evaluate the success of a program?

12th May, 2021
Why is theory important in social work?

Why is theory important in social work?

12th May, 2021
What are personal social services?

What are personal social services?

12th May, 2021
What are emergency support services?

What are emergency support services?

12th May, 2021
What are the differences between public services and civil services?

What are the differences between public services and civil services?

12th May, 2021
Why public services matter?

Why public services matter?

12th May, 2021
What are the purposes of public services?

What are the purposes of public services?

12th May, 2021
What is public service?

What is public service?

12th May, 2021
What social work skills are important in social services?

What social work skills are important in social services?

12th May, 2021
What is school-based social work?

What is school-based social work?

12th May, 2021
What problems may social services for teenagers with behaviour problems face?

What problems may social services for teenagers with behaviour problems face?

12th May, 2021
What should be paid attention to when providing services to young people with behaviour problems?

What should be paid attention to when providing services to young people with behaviour problems?

12th May, 2021
Why social services for teenagers are important?

Why social services for teenagers are important?

12th May, 2021
What are at-risk kids in community?

What are at-risk kids in community?

12th May, 2021
How can the perspective of dominance be applied to social work?

How can the perspective of dominance be applied to social work?

12th May, 2021
What are the implications of the normalisation of the epidemic for social services for youth?

What are the implications of the normalisation of the epidemic for social services for youth?

12th May, 2021
What theories can be used to help us understand the effects of COVID-19 on adolescents?

What theories can be used to help us understand the effects of COVID-19 on adolescents?

12th May, 2021
What is family system theory?

What is family system theory?

12th May, 2021
What negative effects do you think COVID-19 might have on the lives of adolescents?

What negative effects do you think COVID-19 might have on the lives of adolescents?

12th May, 2021
In the context of COVID-19, what are your suggestions for youth social services?

In the context of COVID-19, what are your suggestions for youth social services?

12th May, 2021
What are the characteristics of the social service system for the elderly in East Asia?

What are the characteristics of the social service system for the elderly in East Asia?

12th May, 2021
What category can the elderly society service system be divided into?

What category can the elderly society service system be divided into?

8th May, 2021
What kind of characteristic does the system of old-age social services have?

What kind of characteristic does the system of old-age social services have?

8th May, 2021
What factors affect social services for the elderly?

What factors affect social services for the elderly?

8th May, 2021
Why should we provide social services for the elderly?

Why should we provide social services for the elderly?

8th May, 2021
What do social services for?

What do social services for?

8th May, 2021
In the process of developing social work services for the elderly, what problems may they face?

In the process of developing social work services for the elderly, what problems may they face?

8th May, 2021
What challenges may social services for the elderly meet?

What challenges may social services for the elderly meet?

7th May, 2021
What services do local agencies provide for senior citizens?

What services do local agencies provide for senior citizens?

7th May, 2021
What are the methods of social program evaluation?

What are the methods of social program evaluation?

7th May, 2021
What are the disadvantages of evaluation?

What are the disadvantages of evaluation?

7th May, 2021
What is the benefit of evaluation?

What is the benefit of evaluation?

7th May, 2021
What is the purpose of a program evaluation?

What is the purpose of a program evaluation?

7th May, 2021
What is program evaluation in social work?

What is program evaluation in social work?

7th May, 2021
Why are requests for proposals (RFPs) used?

Why are requests for proposals (RFPs) used?

7th May, 2021
What do the contract management process for?

What do the contract management process for?

7th May, 2021
What do children welfare services (CWS) include?

What do children welfare services (CWS) include?

7th May, 2021
What is a social service worker?

What is a social service worker?

7th May, 2021
What is the goal of social services?

What is the goal of social services?

7th May, 2021
What are social services?

What are social services?

7th May, 2021
From what perspectives can client satisfaction be measured?

From what perspectives can client satisfaction be measured?

7th May, 2021
How to determine whether the service target is satisfied with the services?

How to determine whether the service target is satisfied with the services?

7th May, 2021
What effect does the “expectation gap” have on social service programs?

What effect does the “expectation gap” have on social service programs?

7th May, 2021
What are the elements of criticism of government programs?

What are the elements of criticism of government programs?

7th May, 2021
What is service learning?

What is service learning?

6th May, 2021
What do total rehabilitation services include?

What do total rehabilitation services include?

6th May, 2021
May I ask the average workload of a medical social worker in Hong Kong? For example, how many cases are they to serve per year?

May I ask the average workload of a medical social worker in Hong Kong? For example, how many cases are they to serve per year?

6th May, 2021
I am looking for the yearly output of medical social service cases of the SWD. Where can I find the relevant information?

I am looking for the yearly output of medical social service cases of the SWD. Where can I find the relevant information?

6th May, 2021
How can patients or their family members apply for medical social services?

How can patients or their family members apply for medical social services?

6th May, 2021
I hope to do a comparative study about patients’ satisfaction between those who receive the medical social service and those who do not. Could you please help interpret hypothesis testing for this comparative study?

I hope to do a comparative study about patients’ satisfaction between those who receive the medical social service and those who do not. Could you please help interpret hypothesis testing for this ...

6th May, 2021
When do we use estimation to calculate sample size?

When do we use estimation to calculate sample size?

6th May, 2021
What are the ways to calculate sample size?

What are the ways to calculate sample size?

6th May, 2021
Do you mean the calculation of sample size depends on the study design?

Do you mean the calculation of sample size depends on the study design?

6th May, 2021
In my study of caregivers’ burden, how many subjects are needed?

In my study of caregivers’ burden, how many subjects are needed?

6th May, 2021
Could you please explain why we shall use “clinically meaningful difference” in the medical social service setting?

Could you please explain why we shall use “clinically meaningful difference” in the medical social service setting?

6th May, 2021
How do interpret “clinically meaningful difference”?

How do interpret “clinically meaningful difference”?

6th May, 2021
What does a 5% significance level mean?

What does a 5% significance level mean?

6th May, 2021
I am helping with designing a survey questionnaire for people using medical social services. What level of significance shall I consider?

I am helping with designing a survey questionnaire for people using medical social services. What level of significance shall I consider?

6th May, 2021
Hi, when collecting the demographic information of my clients in the hospital, where shall I put them? Should I put this section at the top or bottom of the front page of the questionnaire?

Hi, when collecting the demographic information of my clients in the hospital, where shall I put them? Should I put this section at the top or bottom of the front page of the questionnaire?

6th May, 2021
Dr. MEL, I am thinking of removing a scale from my questionnaire because it is too difficult. Is it appropriate?

Dr. MEL, I am thinking of removing a scale from my questionnaire because it is too difficult. Is it appropriate?

6th May, 2021
I find my questionnaire a bit too long. But it is hard to cut off questions. Do you think this will reduce respondents’ willingness to complete them?

I find my questionnaire a bit too long. But it is hard to cut off questions. Do you think this will reduce respondents’ willingness to complete them?

6th May, 2021
I am a medical social worker and have been designing a patient satisfaction questionnaire. May I ask what aspects are related to the response rate?

I am a medical social worker and have been designing a patient satisfaction questionnaire. May I ask what aspects are related to the response rate?

6th May, 2021
What is the content marketing strategy? Could you please tell me a little bit more?

What is the content marketing strategy? Could you please tell me a little bit more?

6th May, 2021
The retention rate of the app developed by my team is low. Is there any way to increase it?

The retention rate of the app developed by my team is low. Is there any way to increase it?

6th May, 2021
When developing a mobile app for patients, what are the key points to be noted?

When developing a mobile app for patients, what are the key points to be noted?

6th May, 2021
When we develop a communication strategy in the hospital setting, what context should be considered?

When we develop a communication strategy in the hospital setting, what context should be considered?

6th May, 2021
I am new at developing a creative brief. Any guiding questions that I can follow?

I am new at developing a creative brief. Any guiding questions that I can follow?

6th May, 2021
When should the creative brief be used?

When should the creative brief be used?

6th May, 2021
What are the contents included in “a creative brief”?

What are the contents included in “a creative brief”?

6th May, 2021
Could anyone help explain what is “a creative brief”?

Could anyone help explain what is “a creative brief”?

6th May, 2021
Following up on the previous question, do you mean that I need to be critical and creative in using digital tools?

Following up on the previous question, do you mean that I need to be critical and creative in using digital tools?

6th May, 2021
Could you please recommend some digital tools to facilitate my work in recruiting participants in a medical program setting?

Could you please recommend some digital tools to facilitate my work in recruiting participants in a medical program setting?

6th May, 2021
Following the previous post, is it what we call “communication strategy” by choosing the most appropriate tool to deliver media messages?

Following the previous post, is it what we call “communication strategy” by choosing the most appropriate tool to deliver media messages?

6th May, 2021
Shall we use animated video clips to attract the attention of elderly patients in the hospital for promoting our medical social services?

Shall we use animated video clips to attract the attention of elderly patients in the hospital for promoting our medical social services?

6th May, 2021
By the way, could you please tell me more about the communication strategy?

By the way, could you please tell me more about the communication strategy?

6th May, 2021
I am a medical social worker in a public hospital. Recently, we plan to launch a social support online group for people affected by the COVID-19. Do you have any suggestions for the promotion of the service?

I am a medical social worker in a public hospital. Recently, we plan to launch a social support online group for people affected by the COVID-19. Do you have any suggestions for the promotion of t ...

6th May, 2021
Could you please tell me a little more about the accountability of a non-governmental organization?

Could you please tell me a little more about the accountability of a non-governmental organization?

6th May, 2021
Why is program evaluation important in medical social services?

Why is program evaluation important in medical social services?

1st May, 2021
Can CSSA recipients apply for payment waiver of public health care expenses?

Can CSSA recipients apply for payment waiver of public health care expenses?

1st May, 2021
If a patient hopes to apply for a fee waiver, can he/she look for MSWs for help?

If a patient hopes to apply for a fee waiver, can he/she look for MSWs for help?

1st May, 2021
Where can I find the list of MSSUs of both under SWD and HA?

Where can I find the list of MSSUs of both under SWD and HA?

1st May, 2021
Dear Dr. MEL, it seems the Medical Social Services (MSSUs) can be classified into general and psychiatric settings. May I ask about their differences?

Dear Dr. MEL, it seems the Medical Social Services (MSSUs) can be classified into general and psychiatric settings. May I ask about their differences?

1st May, 2021
Following the previous inquiry, is the CCF means-tested?

Following the previous inquiry, is the CCF means-tested?

1st May, 2021
I heard that there is a Community Care Fund (CCF) Medical Assistance Program for people facing economic difficulties. Where can I find the items supported by this program?

I heard that there is a Community Care Fund (CCF) Medical Assistance Program for people facing economic difficulties. Where can I find the items supported by this program?

30th April, 2021
Can the medical funds be used to purchase rehabilitation appliances?

Can the medical funds be used to purchase rehabilitation appliances?

30th April, 2021
Hi, I am asking on behalf of my client about the relevant fund for medical social services. Can they apply by themselves or can they only apply via MSWs?

Hi, I am asking on behalf of my client about the relevant fund for medical social services. Can they apply by themselves or can they only apply via MSWs?

30th April, 2021
Following up on the previous post, may I know who can submit a guardianship application?

Following up on the previous post, may I know who can submit a guardianship application?

30th April, 2021
Dear Dr. MEL, I hope to know that if a person is mentally incapacitated and has no family members, who can be his/her guardian?

Dear Dr. MEL, I hope to know that if a person is mentally incapacitated and has no family members, who can be his/her guardian?

30th April, 2021
After discharging from the hospital, how can patients and families find rehabilitation services?

After discharging from the hospital, how can patients and families find rehabilitation services?

30th April, 2021
If a family member of a patient has some problems arising from taking care of the patient, say, the caregiver burden, can he/she seek help from MSWs?

If a family member of a patient has some problems arising from taking care of the patient, say, the caregiver burden, can he/she seek help from MSWs?

30th April, 2021
Would MSWs help patients reintegrate into society?

Would MSWs help patients reintegrate into society?

30th April, 2021
How many MSWs are there in Hong Kong?

How many MSWs are there in Hong Kong?

30th April, 2021
Where do MSWs usually work?

Where do MSWs usually work?

30th April, 2021
What do MSWs mean?

What do MSWs mean?

30th April, 2021
What are relative needs?

What are relative needs?

30th April, 2021
Could I use maximum variation and deviant case sampling in program evaluation?

Could I use maximum variation and deviant case sampling in program evaluation?

30th April, 2021
What are sampling errors?

What are sampling errors?

30th April, 2021
What is the sampling frame?

What is the sampling frame?

30th April, 2021
What is a representative sample?

What is a representative sample?

30th April, 2021
What is sampling?

What is sampling?

30th April, 2021
How to understand the cognitive component of cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

How to understand the cognitive component of cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

30th April, 2021
Could anyone explain to me the meaning of the motivational component in the cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

Could anyone explain to me the meaning of the motivational component in the cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

30th April, 2021
What are the key components of cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

What are the key components of cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

30th April, 2021
What is the cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

What is the cognitive-behavioral integrated treatment?

30th April, 2021
What is evidence-based practice?

What is evidence-based practice?

30th April, 2021
What is the definition of comparison group designs?

What is the definition of comparison group designs?

30th April, 2021
What does “retention for evaluation purposes” mean?

What does “retention for evaluation purposes” mean?

30th April, 2021
What does “recruitment for evaluation purposes” mean?

What does “recruitment for evaluation purposes” mean?

30th April, 2021
What is implementation fidelity?

What is implementation fidelity?

30th April, 2021
What is the standard of the establishment of intra-rater reliability?

What is the standard of the establishment of intra-rater reliability?

30th April, 2021
What is the standard of the establishment of inter-rater reliability?

What is the standard of the establishment of inter-rater reliability?

30th April, 2021
What is archival data?

What is archival data?

30th April, 2021
I am going to do a focus group. Could anyone give me some suggestions?

I am going to do a focus group. Could anyone give me some suggestions?

30th April, 2021
What is the difference between a one-to-one interview and a focus group?

What is the difference between a one-to-one interview and a focus group?

30th April, 2021
I am going to do one-to-one interviews. Any suggestions on the preparation work?

I am going to do one-to-one interviews. Any suggestions on the preparation work?

30th April, 2021
Any suggestions for designing a survey?

Any suggestions for designing a survey?

29th April, 2021
How to choose the tools for collecting data?

How to choose the tools for collecting data?

29th April, 2021
What are benchmarks?

What are benchmarks?

29th April, 2021
Why do many funding agencies require an external evaluator to be present?

Why do many funding agencies require an external evaluator to be present?

29th April, 2021
What is the difference between internal and external evaluators?

What is the difference between internal and external evaluators?

29th April, 2021
How to write the “methods” part of an evaluation report?

How to write the “methods” part of an evaluation report?

29th April, 2021
What contents should I write in the introduction part of an evaluation report?

What contents should I write in the introduction part of an evaluation report?

29th April, 2021
What contents should be included in an evaluation report?

What contents should be included in an evaluation report?

29th April, 2021
What is triangulation?

What is triangulation?

29th April, 2021
What is summative evaluation?

What is summative evaluation?

29th April, 2021
What is formative evaluation?

What is formative evaluation?

29th April, 2021
Are there any principles for conducting good emotional marketing?

Are there any principles for conducting good emotional marketing?

29th April, 2021
Why is digital storytelling powerful?

Why is digital storytelling powerful?

29th April, 2021
Could anyone recommend any useful tools in digital storytelling?

Could anyone recommend any useful tools in digital storytelling?

29th April, 2021
What is digital storytelling?

What is digital storytelling?

29th April, 2021
What are the characteristics of great stories in digital storytelling?

What are the characteristics of great stories in digital storytelling?

29th April, 2021
Are there any limitations of data linkage?

Are there any limitations of data linkage?

29th April, 2021
When using data, what ethical issues should draw attention?

When using data, what ethical issues should draw attention?

29th April, 2021
Are there any principles to follow in data interpretation?

Are there any principles to follow in data interpretation?

29th April, 2021
Findings from data analysis of my project were unreasonable and strange. What is the problem?

Findings from data analysis of my project were unreasonable and strange. What is the problem?

29th April, 2021
What is the meaning of data operationalisation in digital infrastructure?

What is the meaning of data operationalisation in digital infrastructure?

29th April, 2021
I want to know the scaffolds of digital infrastructure in data linkage. Could anyone tell me?

I want to know the scaffolds of digital infrastructure in data linkage. Could anyone tell me?

29th April, 2021
What is the function of digital infrastructure in data linkage?

What is the function of digital infrastructure in data linkage?

29th April, 2021
Could anyone explain the logic of propensity score matching in program evaluation?

Could anyone explain the logic of propensity score matching in program evaluation?

29th April, 2021
When should we use propensity score matching (PSM)?

When should we use propensity score matching (PSM)?

29th April, 2021
What is propensity score matching (PSM)?

What is propensity score matching (PSM)?

29th April, 2021
What methods could be used to match individuals in the different datasets?

What methods could be used to match individuals in the different datasets?

29th April, 2021
What are the advantages of data linkage?

What are the advantages of data linkage?

29th April, 2021
What are management data?

What are management data?

29th April, 2021
What are administrative data?

What are administrative data?

29th April, 2021
What types of data are often collected in NGOs?

What types of data are often collected in NGOs?

29th April, 2021
What are the advantages of using administrative data?

What are the advantages of using administrative data?

29th April, 2021
What are the objectives of family and child welfare services?

What are the objectives of family and child welfare services?

29th April, 2021
What is the function of the family in children development?

What is the function of the family in children development?

29th April, 2021
Where can I find the leaflet of AVP of SWD?

Where can I find the leaflet of AVP of SWD?

29th April, 2021
What is the content of the Domestic Violence Ordinance?

What is the content of the Domestic Violence Ordinance?

29th April, 2021
I hear of the Anti-Violence Program (AVP) of SWD. Could you please elaborate a bit more?

I hear of the Anti-Violence Program (AVP) of SWD. Could you please elaborate a bit more?

29th April, 2021
What are the objectives of Batterer Intervention Programs (BIP)?

What are the objectives of Batterer Intervention Programs (BIP)?

29th April, 2021
Domestic violence is so terrible. I wonder, is there any service designed to prevent it?

Domestic violence is so terrible. I wonder, is there any service designed to prevent it?

29th April, 2021
If a foreign domestic helper is in danger of human trafficking, can she be admitted to refuge centers?

If a foreign domestic helper is in danger of human trafficking, can she be admitted to refuge centers?

29th April, 2021
When foreign domestic helpers are abused by employers, can the helpers go to the Refuge Centres for Women?

When foreign domestic helpers are abused by employers, can the helpers go to the Refuge Centres for Women?

29th April, 2021
Can the victims of family violence apply for the refuge center directly? Or they must be referred by social workers?

Can the victims of family violence apply for the refuge center directly? Or they must be referred by social workers?

29th April, 2021
Could you please tell me the address of the five refuge centers for women?

Could you please tell me the address of the five refuge centers for women?

29th April, 2021
Is the admission of the above centers on a 24-hour basis?

Is the admission of the above centers on a 24-hour basis?

29th April, 2021
When encountering domestic violence or family crisis, where can the victims go for temporary shelter?

When encountering domestic violence or family crisis, where can the victims go for temporary shelter?

29th April, 2021
Is there any requirement for children as witnesses?

Is there any requirement for children as witnesses?

29th April, 2021
If a child needs to serve as a witness in criminal proceedings, is there any emotional support he/she can get during the trial process?

If a child needs to serve as a witness in criminal proceedings, is there any emotional support he/she can get during the trial process?

29th April, 2021
What kind of services can the victims of family violence get from Tsui Lam Centre of Po Leung Kuk?

What kind of services can the victims of family violence get from Tsui Lam Centre of Po Leung Kuk?

29th April, 2021
Where shall the victims of family violence go for help in Hong Kong?

Where shall the victims of family violence go for help in Hong Kong?

29th April, 2021
I want to read books about suicide prevention. Where can I get them?

I want to read books about suicide prevention. Where can I get them?

29th April, 2021
What is the goal of “life ambassadors” volunteers in the community?

What is the goal of “life ambassadors” volunteers in the community?

29th April, 2021
Can I be a volunteer for the “life ambassadors” programme for life education?

Can I be a volunteer for the “life ambassadors” programme for life education?

29th April, 2021
Speaking of life education, what kind of forms can be used in the community?

Speaking of life education, what kind of forms can be used in the community?

28th April, 2021
I want to be a volunteer in life education. Do you have any recommendations?

I want to be a volunteer in life education. Do you have any recommendations?

28th April, 2021
Hello, my friend has a suicide intention. Is there any suicide crisis center in Hong Kong that can help?

Hello, my friend has a suicide intention. Is there any suicide crisis center in Hong Kong that can help?

28th April, 2021
It seems child protection services need more humanistic concerns that may hinder the effectiveness of service delivery. For example, one single case might take a family social worker a year to follow. How can we evaluate its effectiveness then?

It seems child protection services need more humanistic concerns that may hinder the effectiveness of service delivery. For example, one single case might take a family social worker a year to fol ...

28th April, 2021
When designing child protective services for children being maltreated, is program evaluation necessary?

When designing child protective services for children being maltreated, is program evaluation necessary?

28th April, 2021
Could you please advise me on some references for ethical research involving children?

Could you please advise me on some references for ethical research involving children?

28th April, 2021
I have a question about voluntary participation. Can the participants withdraw from the survey even if they have agreed to join?

I have a question about voluntary participation. Can the participants withdraw from the survey even if they have agreed to join?

28th April, 2021
Shall we inform the participants of the risks and benefits of the study?

Shall we inform the participants of the risks and benefits of the study?

28th April, 2021
Hello, can we exclude children with disabilities from the survey?

Hello, can we exclude children with disabilities from the survey?

28th April, 2021
Following the previous post, can I use the Braille questionnaire for the blind student?

Following the previous post, can I use the Braille questionnaire for the blind student?

28th April, 2021
When conducting a survey with children, I find there is one blind student who cannot read the questionnaire. Do you have any suggestions for that?

When conducting a survey with children, I find there is one blind student who cannot read the questionnaire. Do you have any suggestions for that?

28th April, 2021
May I know where the three core ethical principles come from?

May I know where the three core ethical principles come from?

28th April, 2021
What are the three core ethical principles of research involving children and young people?

What are the three core ethical principles of research involving children and young people?

28th April, 2021
So, do I also need ethical approval from my institution after getting consent forms from both parents and children?

So, do I also need ethical approval from my institution after getting consent forms from both parents and children?

28th April, 2021
If I have survey questionnaires for children, do I have to seek children’s consent before the administration of the survey, after I get permission from their parents?

If I have survey questionnaires for children, do I have to seek children’s consent before the administration of the survey, after I get permission from their parents?

28th April, 2021
Could you please name a few ethical principles of research involving children?

Could you please name a few ethical principles of research involving children?

28th April, 2021
Is ethical approval a must for research involving children?

Is ethical approval a must for research involving children?

28th April, 2021
What is foster care in Hong Kong?

What is foster care in Hong Kong?

28th April, 2021
How many Integrated Family Service Centres (IFSCs) are there in Hong Kong?

How many Integrated Family Service Centres (IFSCs) are there in Hong Kong?

28th April, 2021
I heard of the pilot scheme on social work service for pre-primary institutions. Where can I find relevant information?

I heard of the pilot scheme on social work service for pre-primary institutions. Where can I find relevant information?

28th April, 2021
What is the service fee for Special Child Care Centres (SCCCs)?

What is the service fee for Special Child Care Centres (SCCCs)?

28th April, 2021
What kinds of services are there for children with disabilities?

What kinds of services are there for children with disabilities?

28th April, 2021
If a child is above three and needs care services while his or her parent(s) is working, what kind of services is available?

If a child is above three and needs care services while his or her parent(s) is working, what kind of services is available?

28th April, 2021
I wonder if a child aged 2 is eligible to register in a CCC?

I wonder if a child aged 2 is eligible to register in a CCC?

28th April, 2021
Up to now, what types of Child Care Centres (CCC) are there in Hong Kong?

Up to now, what types of Child Care Centres (CCC) are there in Hong Kong?

28th April, 2021
How can we promote the new hotline service to our clients?

How can we promote the new hotline service to our clients?

28th April, 2021
Since the outbreak of COVID-19, the hotline service is becoming more important for family welfare to reduce infection chances. Do you have any advice for setting up the telephone hotline service?

Since the outbreak of COVID-19, the hotline service is becoming more important for family welfare to reduce infection chances. Do you have any advice for setting up the telephone hotline service?

28th April, 2021
Following the previous post, do you have any recommendations for online outreaching cross-boundary students?

Following the previous post, do you have any recommendations for online outreaching cross-boundary students?

28th April, 2021
Dear MEL staff, could you please advise us on cross-boundary services under the current pandemic situation?

Dear MEL staff, could you please advise us on cross-boundary services under the current pandemic situation?

28th April, 2021
By the way, is it necessary to state the last revision date showed on the website if we want to cite the statistics?

By the way, is it necessary to state the last revision date showed on the website if we want to cite the statistics?

28th April, 2021
Hello, we are designing a new service for family life education and hope to know the current service provision in Hong Kong. Where can we get the relevant statistics?

Hello, we are designing a new service for family life education and hope to know the current service provision in Hong Kong. Where can we get the relevant statistics?

28th April, 2021
Hi, it is a pity I missed the MEL training this year. Do you still have it next year?

Hi, it is a pity I missed the MEL training this year. Do you still have it next year?

28th April, 2021
Could you please give me some suggestions to promote our program online?

Could you please give me some suggestions to promote our program online?

28th April, 2021
In community work, engaging volunteers is critical for our programs. However, the current pandemic situation discourages voluntary participation on site. Is there any alternative?

In community work, engaging volunteers is critical for our programs. However, the current pandemic situation discourages voluntary participation on site. Is there any alternative?

28th April, 2021
Excuse me, following the last post, when I am writing reports about our programs’ output and outcome in program evaluation, do you recommend adding relative numbers and absolute figures?

Excuse me, following the last post, when I am writing reports about our programs' output and outcome in program evaluation, do you recommend adding relative numbers and absolute figures?

28th April, 2021
In data analysis, what are “relative numbers” and “absolute figures”?

In data analysis, what are "relative numbers" and "absolute figures"?

28th April, 2021
When conducting an interview-conducting survey, what points shall we pay attention to?

When conducting an interview-conducting survey, what points shall we pay attention to?

28th April, 2021
Hello, does anyone have experience in surveying the elderly living in the community? What if they cannot fill in the questionnaires independently?

Hello, does anyone have experience in surveying the elderly living in the community? What if they cannot fill in the questionnaires independently?

28th April, 2021
Can you give an example of median and mode?

Can you give an example of median and mode?

28th April, 2021
Hi there, I am a bit confused about the two terms, median and mode. Anyone can help explain to me, please?

Hi there, I am a bit confused about the two terms, median and mode. Anyone can help explain to me, please?

28th April, 2021
What is the function of data collected in a program?

What is the function of data collected in a program?

28th April, 2021
Hello, when collecting community data, is it like the more, the better?

Hello, when collecting community data, is it like the more, the better?

28th April, 2021
I have designed an online questionnaire that could be operated through a mobile phone. I plan to spread the questionnaire through my personal network. Is this way of data collection a scientific approach?

I have designed an online questionnaire that could be operated through a mobile phone. I plan to spread the questionnaire through my personal network. Is this way of data collection a scientific a ...

28th April, 2021
In media reports, I often see journalists asking opinions from passengers on the road. They pick a casual person each time. Is it a random sampling method? Can we use it in program evaluation?

In media reports, I often see journalists asking opinions from passengers on the road. They pick a casual person each time. Is it a random sampling method? Can we use it in program evaluation?

28th April, 2021
In the sampling, there is probability sampling and non-probability sampling. Is the former one better than the latter one?

In the sampling, there is probability sampling and non-probability sampling. Is the former one better than the latter one?

28th April, 2021
Hi, could you please give some examples of probability sampling?

Hi, could you please give some examples of probability sampling?

28th April, 2021
Continuing with the last post, when conducting a community survey, are digital tools useful? For example, inviting participants to fill in online questionnaires.

Continuing with the last post, when conducting a community survey, are digital tools useful? For example, inviting participants to fill in online questionnaires.

28th April, 2021
What important points do we need to consider when conducting a community survey?

What important points do we need to consider when conducting a community survey?

28th April, 2021
To collect information about residents within a certain community, can we use a mail survey?

To collect information about residents within a certain community, can we use a mail survey?

28th April, 2021
I hope to know when we shall use a census or a sample survey.

I hope to know when we shall use a census or a sample survey.

28th April, 2021
In our community, the number of women outnumbers that of men. We see more older women than older men in public rental housing. I wonder whether there is a term in statistics to describe such an imbalance in gender?

In our community, the number of women outnumbers that of men. We see more older women than older men in public rental housing. I wonder whether there is a term in statistics to describe such an im ...

28th April, 2021
I came across a term called “elderly dependency ratio” while reading some articles about community development. Could anyone help to explain this?

I came across a term called "elderly dependency ratio" while reading some articles about community development. Could anyone help to explain this?

28th April, 2021
Our agency is located in Kwun Tong District, the most populated district in Hong Kong. We hope to launch a community housing project targeting households living in public rental housing. Where can we find detailed information about the housing statistics in Hong Kong?

Our agency is located in Kwun Tong District, the most populated district in Hong Kong. We hope to launch a community housing project targeting households living in public rental housing. Where can ...

28th April, 2021
Help! The statistics appear overwhelming to me. I do not even know some basic concepts, such as the mean, mode, and medium. Is there an introductory book about statistics for rookies like me?

Help! The statistics appear overwhelming to me. I do not even know some basic concepts, such as the mean, mode, and medium. Is there an introductory book about statistics for rookies like me?

28th April, 2021
Hello, does anybody know where to find secondary data about the population and labor distribution in Hong Kong? We are doing a community project and need that information.

Hello, does anybody know where to find secondary data about the population and labor distribution in Hong Kong? We are doing a community project and need that information.

28th April, 2021
Hey guys, anyone knows where I can find governmental data about community development in Hong Kong?

Hey guys, anyone knows where I can find governmental data about community development in Hong Kong?

28th April, 2021
Continuing with the last post, could you please give an example of a reliability test?

Continuing with the last post, could you please give an example of a reliability test?

9th April, 2021
Under the COVID-19 situation, our agency is planning to examine the effect of the pandemic. But it seems there is no available scale for that. Can we develop a new scale by ourselves?

Under the COVID-19 situation, our agency is planning to examine the effect of the pandemic. But it seems there is no available scale for that. Can we develop a new scale by ourselves?

9th April, 2021
When using the data from social media, do we need to seek consent from account users?

When using the data from social media, do we need to seek consent from account users?

8th April, 2021
In community service, we often need to use secondary data. Can social media be a source of data?

In community service, we often need to use secondary data. Can social media be a source of data?

8th April, 2021
Shall we follow both rules of confidentiality and anonymity in all surveys?

Shall we follow both rules of confidentiality and anonymity in all surveys?

8th April, 2021
I am a bit confused about confidentiality and anonymity. What are their meanings?

I am a bit confused about confidentiality and anonymity. What are their meanings?

8th April, 2021
I wonder if there are any reference books about storytelling?

I wonder if there are any reference books about storytelling?

8th April, 2021
Sometimes it is boring to show statistics about our programs for offenders only to the public. How can we improve the marketing skills to make more and broader social impacts?

Sometimes it is boring to show statistics about our programs for offenders only to the public. How can we improve the marketing skills to make more and broader social impacts?

8th April, 2021
Speaking of confidentiality, I know it is a critical ethical issue in surveying. But when it comes to administrative data, do we also need to have our clients’ consent? We are not using it for evaluation or research.

Speaking of confidentiality, I know it is a critical ethical issue in surveying. But when it comes to administrative data, do we also need to have our clients' consent? We are not using it for eva ...

8th April, 2021
Dear MEL staff, could you please advise me? Our agency is launching an anti-drug program, but it is almost impossible to conduct randomization. Is there any good alternative for that?

Dear MEL staff, could you please advise me? Our agency is launching an anti-drug program, but it is almost impossible to conduct randomization. Is there any good alternative for that?

8th April, 2021
Can administrative data be used in the evaluation?

Can administrative data be used in the evaluation?

8th April, 2021
Hi, may I know more about the definition of “administrative data”?

Hi, may I know more about the definition of "administrative data"?

8th April, 2021
What if we cannot employ RCT, any good alternative?

What if we cannot employ RCT, any good alternative?

8th April, 2021
Is there any ethical concern we should pay attention to when employing RCT in evaluations?

Is there any ethical concern we should pay attention to when employing RCT in evaluations?

8th April, 2021
I heard that Randomised Control Trial (RCT) is useful in examining the effectiveness of an intervention. Could you please introduce a bit more about it?

I heard that Randomised Control Trial (RCT) is useful in examining the effectiveness of an intervention. Could you please introduce a bit more about it?

8th April, 2021
Speaking of one-way ANOVA, it is about the comparison between the three groups at one time. What if we compare two by two, three times? Is it an acceptable practice?

Speaking of one-way ANOVA, it is about the comparison between the three groups at one time. What if we compare two by two, three times? Is it an acceptable practice?

8th April, 2021
Then if there is an anti-drug intervention and we want to know if it is effective. We recruit members and divide them into two groups, one is the treatment group, and another is the control group. Then we compare the mean scores of the two groups after our intervention. Is it called independent samples T-test?

Then if there is an anti-drug intervention and we want to know if it is effective. We recruit members and divide them into two groups, one is the treatment group, and another is the control group. ...

7th April, 2021
May I ask about the method to compare means in data analysis? Suppose our organization has a 6-month social skill training for young offenders, we want to know its effectiveness, and we have done the pre-test and post-test.

May I ask about the method to compare means in data analysis? Suppose our organization has a 6-month social skill training for young offenders, we want to know its effectiveness, and we have done ...

7th April, 2021
In anti-drug services, we usually need to record the locality of drug abuse. Is it a categorical variable?

In anti-drug services, we usually need to record the locality of drug abuse. Is it a categorical variable?

7th April, 2021
I hope to know whether an independent variable should be a categorical or continuous variable?

I hope to know whether an independent variable should be a categorical or continuous variable?

7th April, 2021
I am sorry to bother you again. What is a control variable anyway?

I am sorry to bother you again. What is a control variable anyway?

7th April, 2021
Hello, I am recently learning data analysis methods. The concept of “multiple regression” confuses me. There are so many factors that might influence the effects of independent variables on the dependent variable, then how can we determine which ones shall be included and others not?

Hello, I am recently learning data analysis methods. The concept of "multiple regression" confuses me. There are so many factors that might influence the effects of independent variables on the de ...

7th April, 2021
Another similar concept is the impact. I find it hard to distinguish between “outcome” and “impact,” as both indicate the effectiveness of a program?

Another similar concept is the impact. I find it hard to distinguish between "outcome" and "impact," as both indicate the effectiveness of a program?

7th April, 2021
Hello, could you please elaborate on the two concepts, output and outcome?

Hello, could you please elaborate on the two concepts, output and outcome?