⭐「The Scoring of Health Maintenance Efficacy at the individual level」?
Early-onset chronic illness becomes a significant health concern globally. Chinese patients with chronic illness (PWCI) are likely to worry about being a burden to their family and often have a poor belief in personal control over chronic illness, which may hinder the health maintenance efficacy in Effective chronic illness self-management (CISM). The following indicator will give you an idea of how to assess the Health Maintenance Efficacy from the individual level: https://jcmel.swk.cuhk.edu.hk/outcome-impact-indicator-bank/individual/medical-social-services/
Joekes, K., Van Elderen, T., & Schreurs, K. (2007). Self-efficacy and overprotection are related to quality of life, psychological well-being and self-management in cardiac patients. Journal of Health Psychology, 12(1), 4-16.
Wong, L. L., & Fong, K. N. (2014). The effectiveness of a community reintegration program for clients with chronic stroke. In K. W. Tong (Ed.). Community care in Hong Kong: Current practices, practice-research studies and future directions (pp. 209–236). Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press.
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