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Manual Event (Session ID,DateTime,Event) = 966hchcfrqoi7pl60dumn1kq5q 20210802002238 /scale/life-difficulty/

Life difficulty

Function
Promoting personal control, well-being, social participation
Relevance
Life quality, physical functioning, life activity, self-care
Target
Elderly
Respondent
Elder
Feature
5 items in 2-point rating scale
Reliability
.678
References

Cheung, Chau-kiu, and Ping Kwong Kam. 2018. “Conditions for Pets to Prevent Depression in Older Adults.” Aging & Mental Health 22(12):1627-1633.

Bass, David M., Linda S. Noelker, and Catherine A. McCarthy. 1999. “The Influence of Formal and Informal Helpers or Primary Caregivers’ Perceptions of Quality of Care.” Journal of Applied Gerontology 18(2):177-200.

Lam, Cindy L.K., I.J. Lauder, T.P. Lam, and B. Gandek. 1999. “Population Based Norming of the Chinese (HK) Version of the SF-36 Health Survey.” Hong Kong Practitioner 21:460-470.

Stewart, Anita L., and John E. Ware, Jr. 1993. Measuring Functioning and Well-being: The Medical Outcomes Study Approach. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Whestone, Lauren M., James L. Fozard, E. Jeffrey Metter, Barbara S. Hiscock, Ray Burke, Neil Gittings, and Linda P. Fried. 2001. “The Physical Functioning Inventory: A Procedure for Assessing Physical Function in Adults.” Journal of Aging & Health 13(4):467-493.